Early Civil War Movements - Fourth And Sixth Districts Enrollment - Troops Furnished By Counties - Commissioned Officers - The Grand Traverse Region - Manistee County In The War -  Alpena County - Home Coming Of Michigan Troops - Robertson's Tribute To Michigan Soldiers - Spanish-American War - Third Regiment, M. N. G.

Written by Perry F. Powers in 1912 in the book "A History of Northern Michigan".

While the territory of Northern Michigan was being secured to the white man for purposes of civilization, and was being defended against the aggressions of England, after it became American soil, the active part played by its people was confined to the operations which centered at old Fort Michilimackinac and, later Fort Mackinac on the island.

This, for the very good reason that actual settlers did not come into the country until some years after the lands from the straits to what, in 1840, became the southern bounds of Gladwin and Arenac counties extended to Lake Michigan, had been transferred to the United States by their aboriginal owners.

At the outbreak and during the progress of the Mexican war, the settlers in the part of Northern Michigan to which this work refers were confined virtually to scattering settlements in the Grand Traverse region.

In short until nearly the period of the Civil war the population was so sparse as to escape the national census enumerations.

The only counties in this area which the United States census bureau deigned to notice prior to 1860 were Grand Traverse and Mason—the former being credited with a population of 900 in 1854, and the latter of 93 in 1850.

So that until the period covered by the War of the Rebellion, Northern Michigan had no military history—that is, as a consolidation of civil communities.

 

Early Civil War Movements

Northern Michigan played a gallant part in all the battles and campaigns of the Civil war and raised an unusually large proportion of troops, considering the small population of that period. Prior to the opening of the rebellion only these counties had been organized between the Saginaw valley and the straits of Mackinac: Grand Traverse, Emmet, Cheboygan, Mason, Manistee and Iosco.

For the purpose of forming a background to the narrative of the Civil war which especially concerns Northern Michigan it is necessary

to trace the course of events in the state at large. As all Michigan patriots well known Governor Blair was the great and heroic figure in the drama of the war as it concerned that commonwealth.

On Tuesday, April 16, 1861, four days after the firing on Fort Sumter, Governor Blair reached Detroit and in the afternoon held a conference with the state military officers and a large number of leading citizens and capitalists.

President Lincoln had called upon the state to furnish one regiment of infantry fully armed and equipped to aid the national government in suppressing the rebellion. Although the treasury was comparatively empty the necessary funds for such purposes were promptly pledged by private citizens, and the chief executive at once issued a proclamation calling for ten companies of volunteers and directing the adjutant general to accept the first ten that should offer.

The president's call upon Michigan for troops was promptly met by the muster in of the First regiment of infantry and its early movement to the seat of war in Virginia.

In the meantime authority had been received from the war department to raise three other regiments, but at the same time stating that it was "important to reduce rather than to increase that number."

This authority only covered the Second, Third and Fourth infantry regiments already in process of recruitment, while many companies throughout the state not included in the organizations referred to, had been recruited without authority in the hope of obtaining places in those or other regiments.

These companies were disappointed and most of them sought and found service in the troops of other states. This was largely the case with many of those who volunteered from the sparsely settled counties of Northern Michigan. Furthermore, many of those who fought bravely throughout the Civil war did not serve under officers who were residents of their home communities and therefore were absorbed in the commands which were credited to the more southern sections of the state.

Under a law of congress passed August 3, 1861, President Lincoln was authorized to receive into service five hundred thousand volunteers in the prosecution of the war. In response to this requisition, Michigan continued a vigorous recruitment and up to December, 1861, had sent to the front thirteen regiments of infantry, three of cavalry, and five batteries of light artillery, with a total strength of sixteen thousand four hundred seveny-five officers and men.

Ten of these regiments, one battery and one company had been clothed and partly armed by the state. In addition to this, thirteen companies had gone into the service of other state regiments, failing, as before stated, to find service in home commands.

If any personal force more than another could be said to predominate in the raising, equipping and transportation of the troops to the front Governor Blair may be thus named. As long as he continued in office he was classed by President Lincoln and the entire country as one of those grand "war governors" of which the Union was so justly proud.

His attitude toward the Rebellion and those who supported it is well illustrated in this extract, taken from his message delivered to the legislature on January 2, 1862; "I cannot close this brief address without an allusion to the great object that occupies all men's minds.

The southern rebellion still maintains a bold front against the Union armies. That is the cause of all our complications abroad and our troubles at home. To deal wisely with it is to find a short and easy deliverance from them all.

The people of Michigan are no idle spectators of this great contest. They have furnished all the troops required of them, and are preparing to pay the taxes and to submit to the most onerous burdens without a murmur.

They are ready to increase their sacrifices, if need be, to require impossibilities of no man, but to be patient and wait.

But to see the vast armies of the Republic, and all its pecuniary resources used to protect and sustain the accursed system which has been a perpetual and tyrannical disturber, and which now makes sanguinary war upon the Union and Constitution, is precisely what they will never submit to tamely.

The loyal states having furnished adequate means, both of men and money to crush the rebellion, have a right to expect those men to be used with the utmost vigor to accomplish the object, and that without any mawkish sympathy for the interest of traitors in arms.

Upon those who caused the war, and now maintain it, its chief burdens ought to fall. No property of a rebel ought to be free from confiscation—not even the sacred slave.

The object of war is to destroy the power of the enemy, and whatever measures are calculated to accomplish that object and are in accordance with the usages of civilized nations, ought to be employed.

To undertake to put down a powerful rebellion, and, at the same time, to save and protect all the chief sources of the power of that rebellion, seems to common minds but a short remove from simple folly.

He who is not for the Union, unconditionally, in this mortal struggle, is against it.

The highest dictates of patriotism, justice, and humanity combine to demand that the war should be conducted to a speedy close upon principles of the most heroic energy and retributive power.

The time for gentle dalliance has long since passed away."

It was largely upon the advice of the governors of the loyal states, among whom Governor Blair was foremost, that President Lincoln issued his proclamation of July 2, 1862, calling for five hundred thousand men.

Under date of July 28th, the president telegraphed to Governor Blair: "It would be of great service here for us to know as fully as you can tell, what progress is made and making in recruiting for old regiments in your state.

Also, about what day the first new regiment can move from you, what the second, what the third, and so on.

This information is important to use in making calculations.

Please give it as promptly and accurately as you can."

To this dispatch the governor instantly replied as follows:

"Very little can be done in recruiting old regiments until the new regiments are filled up; although every exertion will be made to do so.

The new regiments will commence to take the field about the 1st of September, or sooner, if possible, and will all be in service in the field during that month."

It is with pride that the student of Civil war history is able to state that Michigan was no exception to the general rule that the states of the Union were able to raise their troops for service far in advance of their field equipment.

The consequence was that the eight new regiments which left Michigan fully armed, clothed, and equipped prior to the 19th of September, 1862, were well in readiness for the field some time before they actually marched to the front.

On the completion of the eight regiments referred to it was ascertained that more companies had been raised than could be assigned to organized regiments, and on the 20th of August the Twenty-fifth and Twenty-sixth regiments of infantry were recruited and to them were sent these surplus companies.

While great activity prevailed among the people and the State military department in meeting the call of July 2nd, strong hopes were entertained that the final requisition for additional volunteers had been reached, but on the 4th of August, 1862, the president issued an order for a draft to be made without delay of 300,000 men to serve for nine months. On the 9th of the same month general orders were issued from the war department assigning the quotas of the several states— that of Michigan being 11,686, the same as under the preceding call.

In pursuance of these orders and requisitions Governor Blair issued his proclamation to the proper officers of the townships and wards to make a complete census of those of military age and return the same to the county clerks of the state on or before the 10th of September following.

The result showed that 91,071 men throughout Michigan were subject to the draft, and of the forty-two counties comprising the state three only had been organized which came within the territory covered by this history.

The figures relating to them are as follows:

Cheboygan county - Number of men enrolled, 109; number exempted, most of these being Indians, 72; number subject to draft, 37.

Emmet county - Number subject to draft, 25.

Mason county - Number of men enrolled, 111; number exempted, 76; number subject to draft, 35.

It may be added to the above that 1,278 men were drafted under the president's call, but that although 97 were subject to draft in the three counties mentioned, none actually were thus called into service.

Fourth and Sixth Districts' Enrollment

In March, 1863, congress passed "an act for enrolling and calling out the national forces," leaving the execution of the enrollment entirely in the hands of the federal authorities.

Under the law referred to, the national force was declared to consist, with certain specified exceptions, of "all able-bodied male citizens of the United States and persons of foreign birth who shall have declared on oath their intention to become citizens under and in pursuance of the laws thereof, between the ages of twenty and forty-five;" and this force was divided into two classes, the first to comprise "all persons subject to do military duty between the ages of twenty and thirty-five years and all unmarried persons subject to do military duty above the age of thirty-five and under the age of forty-five;" and it was provided that the latter class "shall not, in any district, be called into the service of the United States until those of the first class shall have been called."

Each congressional district was formed into an enrolment district, a provost marshal and board of enrolment provided for each, and these districts were again divided into sub-districts, consisting of wards and townships.

The counties with which this history is concerned were included in the Fourth and Sixth congressional districts.

The headquarters of the Fourth were at Grand Rapids with Norman Bailey, of Hastings, as provost marshal, and those of the Sixth were at Flint, Randolph Strickland, of St. Johns, being provost marshal of that district.

In the Fourth congressional district were included the counties of Mason, Manistee, Grand Traverse, Cheboygan, Leelanau, Benzie, Emmet and Antrim, and the enrollment for the same was as follows:

In the Sixth congressional district were the counties of Alpena and Iosco.

In the former county 124 were subject to the military duty in the first class and 45 in the second; in Iosco, 58 under the first class and 14, under the second.

The wide extent of territory covered by the state of Michigan and the difficulty of communications in many portions of it at this period of its history delayed the completion of the enrolment until the fall of 1864.

On the 27th of October a draft began in the Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth congressional districts and on the 5th of November in the First.

Total number drafted in the state was 6,383, of which the Fourth district furnished 1,441 and the Sixth 1,022.

On the 29th of July of this year (1864) the Sixth district was provided for by the appointment of Hon. John F. Griggs to take charge of the organization of a new regiment to be called the Thirty-first, with headquarters at Saginaw, and into this command went not a few of the volunteers and those who were drafted from the eastern portion of the Southern Peninsula.

The counties of the western half sent a considerable quota of troops to the three companies which were raised in the Fourth congressional district.

The Fourth district regiment was enabled to take the field and left the state with 726 officers and men, on the 22nd of October, 1864.

The Sixth district regiment completed its organization from its own territory and was the first of the new regiments to leave the state, having broken camp at Saginaw and taken their departure for Nashville on the 6th of October, with 856 officers and men.

 

Troops Furnished By Counties

Prior to November 1, 1864, the following number of troops had been furnished by the counties named, the figures not including the three months' infantry, Michigan companies in regiments of other states and some additional soldiers whose residence could not be ascertained.

Alpena 51

Antrim 22

Benzie 47

Cheboygan 29

Emmet 36

Grand Traverse 166

Iosco 19

Leelanau 71

Mason 48

Manistee 84

Osceola 1

Total 574

A general summary, compiled from the reports of the adjutant general's office, shows the following to have been the total number of troops raised, either under the enrolment, enlistment or drafting system, in the several counties within the scope of this history:

 

Enlistments

In closing the record showing the number of troops contributed by the various counties covered by this history to the rank of the Union troops, a brief word is due to the several colored soldiers who participated in the hardships and triumphs of the Michigan forces.

Quite a number joined the One Hundred and Second United States Colored Infantry and Jonathan B. Tuttle, of Alpena, served as captain of Company C.

The colored troops left Detroit in March, 1864: joined the Ninth corps at Annapolis, Maryland, and afterwards acquitted themselves with honor at various engagements in Florida and South Carolina.

 

Commissioned Officers

The following are the commissioned officers credited to the territory of which we write, the rank given being that which they held at the time of discharge:

Thomas C. Chase, Iosco County; first lieutenant, Company B, Twenty-sixth, Infantry.

John Earl, Harrisville; first lieutenant, died of disease, October 13, 1862.

Anthony Eisworth, Stronach; second lieutenant, First Veteran Cavalry; discharged March 10, 1866.

Clark D. Fox, Otsego; captain Thirteenth Infantry; killed at Chickamauga, September 19, 1863.

Garrett A. Graverat, Little Traverse (Harbor Springs); first lieutenant, First Sharpshooters; died of wounds received near Petersburg. Virginia, June 17, 1864.

Miles Horn, Otsego; second lieutenant, Company F, Eighth Cavalry; died of disease at Kalamazoo, September 8, 1865.

Samuel M. Hubbard, Otsego; captain, Nineteenth Infantry; wounded; discharged November 30, 1864.

Thomas Kerry, Manistee; first lieutenant, Third Infantry; discharged May 25, 1866.

Charles R. Lackey (below), Traverse City; first lieutenant, discharged, June 4, 1865.

Charles R. Lackey 1862-1865 Traverse City Company A Twenty-sixth Infantry

James F. McGinley, Manistee; captain Fifth Infantry; wounded, taken prisoner and died of wounds, October 27, 1864.

 

Guy Newbre, Emmet County; Second lieutenant, First Sharpshooters; discharged for disability, October 22, 1864.

John D. Potter, Alpena; first lieutenant, Company K, Third Infantry; mustered out May 25, 1866.

Jonathan B. Tuttle, Alpena; captain First Michigan (One Hundred and Sixty-second U. S.) Colored Infantry; resigned May 12, 1864.

Andrew J. Underhill, Grand Traverse; second lieutenant, Company A, Twenty-sixth Infantry; resigned December 31, 1862.

The Grand Traverse Region

An examination of the table in which is summarized the entire number of troops raised for Civil war service in the Northern Michigan of this history indicates that the Grand Traverse Region sent to the front more than one-half.

It is therefore entitled to special consideration in this narrative and receives such in the following from the pen of Dr. M. L. Leach:

"To avoid misunderstandings, it should be remembered that at the breaking out of the war, the unorganized counties of Antrim, Leelanau, and Benzie were attached to Grand Traverse for civil and judicial purposes.

When, in this chapter, Grand Traverse County is mentioned, the territory of the three referred to is intended to be included. Grand Traverse county as thus defined, was divided into nine townships - Meegezee, Milton, Whitewater, Peninsula, Traverse, Leelanau, Centreville, Glen Arbor, and Crystal Lake.

"The number of men in the territory alluded to of an age suitable for military service, making no allowance for exemptions on account of disability, could not have exceeded six hundred, and probably fell short of that number.

From this territory, it is believed; more than two hundred went into the service within the next four years. Of course considerable accessions to the population resulted from immigration, during that period, thus increasing the number liable to military duty.

"One of the first to volunteer was Curtis Fowler, Jr., son of Hon. Curtis Fowler, judge of probate for Grand Traverse County.

Fighting bravely in the ranks of the gallant First, he was wounded at the battle of Bull Run, in July, 1861, was discharged from the service on account of disability from the wound, and returned home.

His brother, Francis Z. Fowler, considering it a matter of honor as well as of patriotism that the family should be represented in the ranks of the defenders of the country, volunteered in his place, and laid down his life in the second battle of Bull Run the following year, 'the first martyr from Grand Traverse to the slaveholders' rebellion.'

"Thirteen volunteers started from Traverse City on or about the 13th of September, 1861.

Their names were as follows: Martin A. Hopper, Andrew McKillip, Isaac Winnie, James Nicholson, James Fitzpatrick, William E. Sykes, Samuel A. McClelland, E. J. Brooks, Lewis Steele, Frank May, Aaron Page, Orselus Evans, and Thomas Lee. Of these the first five had been for a long time in the employ of Hannah, Lay & Co.

On settling with them, Mr. Hannah made each a handsome present, and told them that if they were ever in distress or in need of funds, to draw on him at sight, and their drafts would be honored.

William E. Sykes was sheriff of the county.

McClelland, Brooks, Steele, May, and Page were from Northport, Evans was from Whitewater, and Lee from Centreville.

"At the time of leaving Traverse City, it was the intention of several of these men to enlist in Chicago, in Capt. Busteed's company of light infantry.

We afterwards find some of them in the First New York Artillery, one of their number, McClelland, holding the rank of second lieutenant.

At the battle of Malvern Hill, the first of July, 1862, the 'Grand Traverse boys' received special commendation from their officers for bravery and good conduct.

Of the thirteen mentioned above, the following are referred to by name, in a published letter from Lieutenant McClelland—Sykes, Evans, McKillip, Nicholson, and Hopper.

In the list of those specially commended, Lieutenant McClelland also gives the names of nine other 'Grand Traverse boys' in his company, of whose volunteering and enlistment we have no account.

They were M. V. Barns, Albert M. Powers, A. N. Brown, Jared D. Delap, James Hutchinson, Charles A. Lee, Sidney Brown, William Wilks, and Hiram Odell.

"On the fourth day of October, 1861, fifteen volunteers left Traverse City for Grand Rapids, under command of F. W. Cutler, a recruiting officer.

The following is the list of names:

Edward Stanley, Mathew Shanley, Eber Stone, William Callison, George Flack, Benjamin Rattelle, Dudley Wait, John O'Leary, Patrick Graham, George Askey, John Rodart, John Williams, Lewis Stevenson, Andrew Anderson, and Edward Dewaire.

"On the 15th of August, 1862, John Lewis Patrick, a young man who had been for two years an apprentice in the office of the Grand Traverse Herald, started for Chicago, where he enlisted in the Mercantile Battery.

Not long after, it fell to the lot of the paper on which he had wrought to publish his death, which occurred in the hospital at Memphis, Tennessee, on the first of February, 1863.

The editor of the Herald, Morgan Bates, afterwards lieutenant governor, speaks thus tenderly of his young friend:

'He was one of the noblest and. purest young men we ever knew, and it caused a heart-pang when he left us to volunteer for the defense of his country.

All who knew him loved him, and his early death will cast a gloom over many hearts.'

"In August, 1862. recruiting was lively, Capt. E. S. Knapp, (called L. Edwin Knapp in 'Michigan in the War,') assisted by Lieutenants Jacob E. Siebert, of Manistee, and Charles H. Holden, of Northport, raised a company in a short time, in Manistee and Grand Traverse counties, to which was given the name of the 'Lake Shore Tigers.

The following is an imperfect list of the men enlisted by Lieutenant Holden, in Grand Traverse, with the names of the townships to which they were credited:

"Whitewater - P. D. Greenman, Francis Hopper, C. R. Lackey, Horace Philips, John A. Brainard, Milton Stites, John Duncan, Henry Odell, Oscar Eaton, George Allen.

"Traverse - Elias Langdon, Jr., Thomas Bates, Giles Gibson, Asa V. Churchill, George Moody.

"Peninsula - Gilbert Lacnor, John A. Thayer.

"Leelanau - William H. Voice, Mortimer Boyes, Henry Budd, George W. Bigelow, William W. Nash, Henry Holcomb, Charles E. Lehman.

"Centreville - George Ramsdell, Joseph Warwick, Melville Palmer, William Lawson, James Lee, Frederick Cook, Jacob Hans, Deidrick White, George W. Miller, John Egler, James Adameson, L. Grant, H. Dunckelow, Thomas McCreary, Charles E. Clark, George H. Mills.

"Captain Knapp's company had originally been intended for the Twenty-first, but on arriving at Ionia, that regiment was found to be full.

Application was next made to the Twenty-fifth, then organizing at Kalamazoo, but that being full also, the company finally proceeded to Jackson, and was mustered into the service as company A of the Twenty-sixth, under Colonel Farrar.

"Lieutenant Holden, was prosecuting attorney of the county at the time of organizing the company, and resigned his office for the purpose of entering the service.

He was mustered in as first lieutenant, and was afterwards made quarter master of the regiment.

He resigned April 4, 1864, and was honorably discharged.

The second lieutenant was Sewell S. Parker, of Monroe.

Lieutenant Siebert, who helped to enlist the company, does not appear ever to have belonged to the Twenty-sixth.

According to 'Michigan in the War,' he belonged to the Twentieth, and was killed in action at Poplar Spring Church, Virginia, September 30, 1864.

Of the enlisted men from Grand Traverse, Sergeant William H. Voice died in camp at Jackson, September 22, 1862; P. D. Greenman at Fairfax, Virginia, March 27, 1863; and George Moody at Yorktown, Virginia, July 15, 1863.

"In the summer and fall of 1863, from the early part of July till late in October, Lieutenant Edwin J. Brooks, of Northport, was engaged in recruiting for the Tenth Cavalry, under Colonel Foote, having its rendezvous at Grand Rapids.

Unfortunately there is at hand no list of Grand Traverse men who volunteered for that regiment under Lieutenant Brooks.

Lieutenant Brooks was mustered in as first lieutenant of Company E.

He was promoted to a captaincy April 25, 1864.

On March 13, 1865, he was made Brevet-Major of United States volunteers “for gallantry in action at Strawberry Plains east Tennessee, November 17, 1864.”

On the same day he was further promoted to Brevet Lieutenant Colonel United States volunteers, 'for gallant and meritorious conduct through four years of active service.'

He was mustered out and honorably discharged November 11, 1865.

“September, while Lieutenant Brooks was recruiting, the citizens of Traverse, anxious to make up the full quota of the township by voluntary enlistment, raised by subscription a fund for the payment of fifty dollars bounty to each recruit enlisted and credited to the township before the expected draft should take place.

"On the 12th of October, official information having been received that the draft would take place on the 26th of that month, and that only eleven men were needed to fill up the quota of Grand Traverse county, the board of supervisors appropriated eleven hundred dollars to a fund to be called the military bounty enlistment fund.

The chairman and clerk of the board were authorized to draw orders on this fund for one hundred dollars each in favor of the first eleven men who should enlist and be sworn into the service of the United States prior to the 23rd of the month, provided they should be accredited to the county in the coming draft.

During the following winter, additional calls for troops made it necessary to hold out additional inducements for voluntary enlistment.

In the month of February a series of war meetings was held in Traverse, which resulted in the calling of a special township meeting, to authorize the issuing of bonds for the purpose of raising money to pay bounties to volunteers.

"The efforts at enlisting were successful.

On the second day of March, forty-two recruits left Traverse City for the rendezvous at Grand Rapids, constituting the full quotas for Traverse, Peninsula, and Centreville.

On the evening previous to their departure, the ladies gave them an entertainment, providing a bountiful supper, at the boarding-house of Hannah. Lay & Co., at which a large proportion of the population of the village and surrounding country was present.

Mr. Hannah presided, brief addresses were made by Hon. Morgan Bates and Rev. J. H. Crumb, and the scene was enlivened by patriotic and soul-stirring music, under the direction of Mr. Charles H. Day.

"The following is a list of the volunteers:

"Traverse - Albert S. Brooks. Earnest Crain, William W. Bradley, George L. Smith, Edward Beavis, Aaron Mettes, Myron A. Moody, Paul Gravel, Robert Myhill, James Lynch, Tobias F. Houghtaling, John Sutherland, William W. Johnson, Henry C. Fuller, Sands Moon, Alonzo F. Hopkins, John Flannery, James Monroe, George W. Hargraves, Wilson P. Johnson.

"Peninsula - James Birney Lancaster, Charles Lonkey, Columbus Winnie, Richard W. Smith, Abram D. Langworthy, Francis L. Bourasaw, William B. Munn, John M. Allison.

"Centreville - Thomas Harmer, Adam Cook, James Manseau, Isaac Clark, James Mason, Jacob Burger, Clouve Warren, Martin Novotney, Ferdnand Kord, Philip Egler, Albert Norris, Henry Lemmerwell, James Clark, Martin Wachall.

"Several of these men found their way into the Fourteenth regiment, and first entered upon active duty at the front in the vicinity of Nashville, Tennessee.

Those known to have been in that regiment are Crain, Mettes, Gravel, Lynch, Lancaster, Lonkey, Winnie, R. W. Smith, Langworthy, Bourasaw, and Allison.

The names of the regiments in which the others served are not known.

Myron A. Moody died in hospital at Grand Rapids, March 26, 1864.

"In the summer of 1864, the call for troops taxed to the utmost the patriotism and ability of Grand Traverse, as well as most other sections of the loyal north.

On the 10th of June a draft was had, in Grand Rapids, for Whitewater, Elk Rapids, Milton, Centreville, Glen Arbor, and Leelanau.

In August the township board of Traverse offered a bounty of two hundred dollars for recruits.

On the 30th of the same month a meeting of the enrolled men of the township was held to raise funds to pay an additional bounty.

Three thousand dollars was subscribed on the spot.

With this sum the aggregate of bounties to each volunteer was raised to nearly six hundred dollars.

Twenty-three men under the calls of the President, were due from the township.

Eight had already been obtained, eight more came forward at this meeting, and the remaining seven were obtained within the next forty-eight hours.

The names of all but one are contained in the following list: number joined the One Hundred and Second United States colored William Tracy, Adolphus Payette, Harvey Avery, Ira Chase, Joseph Kunn, Nelson C. Sherman, Edward Morgan, Ora E. Clark, William Sluyter, George Sluyter, Barney Valleau, Zodoc Wilcox, James Mason, John Reynolds, John Falrue, Leander Curtis, Alburn Atwill, Abram Adsit, Marcus Lacore, Michael Gallaghn, Austin Brinnon, David Sweeney.

All of these except Clark went into the Tenth Cavalry, and got their first experience of active war at Strawberry Plains, east Tennessee.

"We close this imperfect war record of the Grand Traverse country with the following melancholy items:

"Daniel Carmichael, of Traverse City, who was a member of a Wisconsin regiment, died in hospital at Lake Providence, May 6, 1863.

"George Leslie, of Traverse Township, died in the Shenandoah Valley, September 22, 1864.

"In the fight before Petersburg, on the 17th of June, 1864, Lieutenant G. A. Graverat, a gallant young officer from Little Traverse, laid down his life for his country. He was the second lieutenant of Company K, First Michigan Sharpshooters.

While fighting by the side of his father in the trenches, he saw his parent shot dead.

Bearing the body to a safe spot, weeping bitterly, he dug a grave with an old tin pan in the sand, and buried it.

Then drying his tears, the devoted son returned to the battle.

His rifle told with terrible precision among the rebel officers, till he was disabled, wounded in the left arm.

He was brought to Washington, where the arm was amputated at the shoulder, resulting in his death on the 10th of the following month.

Lieutenant Graverat was partly of Indian descent.

He was but twenty-four years old, was highly educated, being master of several modern languages, besides being a fine portrait and landscape painter and an accomplished musician."

 

Manistee County in the War

How Manistee county participated in the War of the Rebellion is well told by General B. M. Cutcheon, in his historical address delivered at the centennial celebration held at Manistee; it will be remembered by "old timers" that the general was successively captain, major, and lieutenant colonel in the Twentieth Infantry, colonel of the Twenty-seventh and came home to Ypsilanti as a brevet brigadier general:

"We come now to the war period. Manistee at this time was a spot in the wilderness, but nevertheless the 'shot heard round the world' was heard even here.

Communication was slow and infrequent; the mails arrived once a week, brought overland from Grand Haven by John Blanchard.

Thursday was universally known as mail day.

Here, as everywhere else in the north the fires of patriotism were kindled.

Recruiting officers not only from the lower part of this state but from neighboring states, visited Manistee to recruit their companies from the mills and the woods.

Many of the first recruits went to Chicago to enlist, and among them Mr. J. H. Shrigley, who enlisted in the Chicago First Light Battery.

Many from Manistee entered the old Third Michigan Infantry, but the largest number that enlisted in any one organization entered the Sixth Michigan Cavalry, Company I.

"The adjutant general's report shows that the whole number that enlisted in Michigan organizations from Manistee county was 88 - 11 from Stronach, 10 from Brown, the rest from Manistee - composed of Manistee town, and city and Filer.

But this, is no fair criterion of the part Manistee took in the war, for beyond doubt nearly if not quite as many enlisted in other states as our own.

"I wish I had time and space to enroll here the whole list of brave men who answered to their country's call.

But I must forbear.

Many of them sleep on battlefields; many more sleep at Andersonville and Belle Isle.

In that roll of honor in the capitol at Lansing are the names of some Manistee men, the peers of any in patriotism and gallantry.

There were two among them of whom I would especially speak, partly because they paid with their lives the full measure of devotion to their country.

They are Lieutenant and Adjutant Jacob E. Seibert and Lieutenant and Adjutant James F. McGinley.

The first, Adjutant Seibert, was my tent-mate at the time he fell, shot through the body at the battle of Poplar Spring's Church, September 130, 1864.

He was German by birth; served in the Prussian army in the body guard of the Crown Prince.

He was every inch a soldier.

He enlisted July, 1862, in the Twentieth Michigan as a private in Company A.

He had been, and was, I think, at the time, deputy county clerk and register of deeds.

He and E. Golden Filer enlisted together.

Seibert was a splendid clerk, and they were so anxious to secure his services at brigade headquarters that he lost chances for promotion he might have had.

It was my pleasure as commander of the regiment to promote him to sergeant, sergeant major, and finally to first lieutenant and adjutant of the regiment.

In the first action after he received his commission he was killed by my side, in an almost hand-to-hand encounter in front of Petersburg.

We buried him on a grassy knoll, where he fell, with a cedar tree at his head.

"He lies like a warrior, taking his rest, "With his martial cloak around him."

The general commanding named one of the forts in front of Petersburg in his honor, and that is perhaps his most appropriate monument.”

"Lieutenant McGinley went out in the old Third.

He greatly distinguished himself by his cool daring and marked courage, and was one of the hundred men of Birney's division who received the Kearney Cross of the legion of honor in the French army.

This cross he wore with great pride and honor, and after being transferred to the old fighting Fifth, he was promoted to first lieutenant and adjutant for gallantry.

I visited him at his quarters and parted from him the evening before his death.

He fell at the battle of Hatchie's Run, in front of Petersburg, October 27, 1864, while leading his men with his accustomed gallantry.

I hope the time may yet come when these two brave men, and their comrades who fell, may receive some fitting memorial at the hands of the people of Manistee.”

''Besides the promptness of the men in enlisting, those who remained at home did their full share in raising subscriptions and voting bounties, and assisting those who went.

Seventy-seven hundred dollars were raised by subscriptions and voting bounties to the volunteers, and nearly as much more was raised by vote of the town, and this out of a population of only one thousand souls.

War meetings were held, speeches made and feeling ran high.

Nor were they always particular about the place and manner of holding their meeting.

On one occasion a war meeting was called in 'Hans & Ton's' saloon, which stood where A. H. Dunlap's block now stands.

The crowd was dense and the atmosphere, or that which served the purpose of an atmosphere, was denser.

Among the speakers on this occasion was our excellent fellow citizen.

Dr. Ellis, who mounted on a beer barrel, in an atmosphere so redolent of tobacco smoke and whisky that you could cut it with a cheese knife and shovel it out on a spade, and addressed the assembled crowd.

"What greater evidence could I give of the patriotic fervor of the time?

Manistee, the babe in the woods, performed her part well in saving the nation, and it forms an honorable' page in her history."

 

Alpena County

In 1860 the entire population of Alpena county was but 290 and in 1864 it had only increased to 674, but out of this small stock from which to draw men about thirty went to the front and fought with the best.

In June, 1864, a special election was held at which it was unanimously voted to raise $100 for each volunteer.

As is justly stated by "one who knows," "the enterprise and patriotism of a county that sends nearly one-half its voting population to do a soldier's duty can never be called in question."

Greenbacks were first issued in 1862 and in 1864 began to be frequently seen in Alpena County.

The supply of pitch and tar from the southern states and articles manufactured there being cut off by the blockade brought Norway pine into demand, and tar and turpentine reached fabulous prices.

This brought a large number of people to Alpena to look for Norway pine from which to manufacture tar and turpentine; so that the later portion of the Civil war was somewhat of a "boom period" for the Alpena region.

 

Home Coming of Michigan Troops

With the fall of the Confederacy in April, 1865, the Michigan troops began to arrive home, under orders from the war department.

The Twentieth regiment was the first to arrive in Detroit, reaching that city on the 4th of June, 1865, and being enthusiastically received by the committees of ladies and gentlemen appointed for their reception and by large and enthusiastic crowds of citizens.

Others followed in such rapid succession that Governor Crapo issued a general proclamation of welcome to the returning Michigan troops.

Under date of June 13, 1865, the war department authorized the chief mustering officer of Michigan to turn over to the governor, at his request, all the colors of Michigan regiments, which provision proved the foundation of the splendid and pathetic collection which is now deposited in the rotunda of the capitol, and which has ever been a source of much pride to the soldiers of Northern Michigan as well as of the entire state.

The reception of troops continued up to June 10, 1866, when the Third and Fourth regiments of infantry reached Detroit, being the last belonging to the state to leave the field.

Before the last of the Michigan soldiers had been welcomed to home soil a movement had been inaugurated in Detroit for the erection of a grand monument, commemorating the valor and self-sacrifice of the soldiers and sailors of the Wolverine state.

Several prominent citizens of the Northern Michigan covered by this history took a leading part in the raising of funds and their management for the erection of the grand memorial which now stands in Detroit.

Among them may be mentioned Morgan Bates, Hon. James B. Walker and Hon. Perry Hannah, of Grand Traverse County; William H. Maltby, of Cheboygan: J. E. Fisher, of Leelanau; Hon. Delos Filer, of Manistee county; and Hon. Charles Mears, of Mason county.

 

Robertson's Tribute to Michigan Soldiers

In completing this unworthy tribute to the faithfulness and bravery of Michigan soldiers we can do no better than quote the following from "Michigan in the War," by Adjutant General John Robertson, who gave the state such invaluable official service from 1861 to 1887:

"Michigan troops, prominent at the onset of the rebellion, were in at its death.

They were among those who, under the command of the brave and lamented Richardson, first opened fire on the rebels, in the vicinity of Bull Run, at Blackburn's Ford.

They were with General McClellan in West Virginia, in the first year of the war, and were in South Carolina and Georgia in 1862, and during that year served with the Army of the Potomac on the Peninsula and in Maryland, with General Banks in the Shenandoah valley, in Virginia under General Burnside, in Louisiana under General Butler, and in Missouri with General Pope and Colonel Mulligan.

In 1863 they bore a conspicuous and gallant part in the ever memorable campaigns under General Hooker in Virginia, and General Meade in Pennsylvania, at the defense of Knoxville by General Burnside, at the capture of Vicksburg by General Grant, and on the celebrated Kilpatrick raid against Richmond.

They were also engaged in the campaign of General Rosecrans against Chattanooga, and were actively employed in the field at various points in Tennessee, Mississippi, Kentucky and Louisiana, under other generals.

In 1864-5 they were with General Grant on his great march against Richmond and bravely participated in most of the hard fought battles of that eventful campaign.

They were also with General Sherman on his remarkable march from Chattanooga to the sea, and were prominently engaged in most of his memorable and successful battles, and with General Sheridan in his matchless encounters with the enemy in the valley of the Shenandoah, where their sabers flashed in every battle.

They took part in the gallant defense of Nashville by General Thomas, and were with Generals Stoneman and Wilson on their raids into North Carolina and Georgia.

They were also at the capture of Mobile, and served in Texas and Utah territory during a part of 1865-6.

Michigan was well represented at the surrender of Lee and Johnston - the termination and death of the rebellion, and a Michigan regiment captured the president of the so-called Confederacy, Jefferson Davis, in his inglorious flight to escape deserved punishment for his infamous treason and rebellion.

Michigan troops in all the campaigns and battles in which they participated, were most reliable, conspicuously brave and gallant.

In every position in which they were placed, they were true, self-sacrificing, patient under hardship, murmuring not, meeting death by exposure, starvation and cruel treatment in rebel prisons, and many more by rebel bullets in sanguinary strife.

Aside from their acknowledged bravery and efficiency in battle, they were in a most remarkable manner entrusted with posts of honor and great responsibility, which could scarcely have been accidental, but with a purpose.

From the beginning of the war until its end, Michigan soldiers evinced a most persistent determination to fight on, until all rebels in arms against the government should be conquered and subdued, and if needs be, utterly destroyed, so that their country might live.

That determination they most successfully carried out; they met the enemy in his 'last ditch,' and he was theirs; they compelled him to lay down his rebellious arms, to beg for quarter, peace, and even for bread, and submit, unconditionally, to the terms of their dictation.

Having done that, the troops of Michigan returned to their homes, as the conquerors of the enemies of their country, the preservers of their nation, receiving the plaudits and gratitude of their fellow countrymen, and of every friend of freedom and humanity throughout the world."

 

Spanish-American War

Northern Michigan furnished its full quota of troops, both among the infantry and the naval reserves, during the short but nevertheless trying campaign against the Spaniards in Cuba and Porto Rico.

They were distributed among the five regiments which were raised in the state and among the Michigan naval reserves.

The Thirty-third and Thirty-fourth Michigan regiments formed part of the expedition under command of General Shafter against Santiago.

The reserves were detailed on the auxiliary cruiser "Yosemite," and saw service at Havana, Santiago, Guantanamo, and San Juan de Puerto Rico.

The Thirty-first regiment served at garrison duty for a time in Cuba, and the Thirty-second and Thirty-fifth regiments which were quartered in southern camps on American soil.

These commands did not see active service because of the sudden termination of the war, but whatever their duties, whether in garrison or on the field of battle, Michigan troops could always be relied upon; and this second generation of soldiers well upheld the prestige of the Civil war veterans.

 

Third Regiment, Michigan National Guard.

The Michigan National Guard is a splendid organization consisting of a full brigade of three regiments, commanded by General P. L. Abbey, of Kalamazoo.

The twelve companies comprising the Third Infantry are distributed over Northern Michigan, its lieutenant colonel, John B. Boucher, being a resident of Cheboygan.

William T. Conboy, captain of Company K is also a citizen of Cheboygan, which is the headquarters of his command.

Company D is stationed at Alpena, with Harry V. Knight as Captain, and Company I is at Manistee in command of Charles Koch.