Civil War Officers and Soldiers from Hillsdale County, Michigan
 
THE FIRST AND SECOND INFANTRY.
Preliminary Remarks—Basis of Military Records—The First Infantry—Number from Hillsdale County—On the Peninsula—Second Bull Run—Antietam and Fredericksburg—Hard Fight at Gettysburg—The Campaign of 1S64—The Siege of Petersburg—Capturing Fortifications at Poplar Grove Church—The Final Conflict—List of Members—The Second Infantry—Its Numbers from this County —On the Peninsula—Severely engaged at Williamsburg—Also at Fair Oaks—Other Conflicts—The Second joins Grant—Battle at Jackson—Ordered to Knoxville—A Desperate Conflict—Back to the Potomac—The Wilderness and Spotsylvania—Hard Fighting before Petersburg—Storming a Breach—Other Battles—Storming of Fort Steadman—Final Victory—Names of Members.
In order to show as fully as possible the part taken by the soldiers of Hillsdale County, we have determined that in every case in which there were twenty or more men from that county in a regiment, we would give a slight sketch of the services of the regiment in question; although, of course, where the number was as small as that, the notice can only be extremely brief. 
When there was a larger number in a regiment, and especially when there were two or three hundred, the regimental record has been given at considerable length. 
Attached to each regimental history are the names of the officers and soldiers from Hillsdale County belonging to that regiment. 
All those belonging to regiments in which there were less than twenty Hillsdale men each, are grouped together in the closing chapter of the military record.
That record is derived mostly from the admirable reports of Gen. John C. Robertson, adjutant-general of the State throughout the war, and still holding that position. 
His reports are fuller than those of almost any other State, and being obtained from the commanders of regiments from year to year during the war, are far more reliable than any accounts which could now be gathered elsewhere, unless the latter were based on the diaries of officers or soldiers. 
We have found none such, however, in this county, and have, therefore, depended principally upon the adjutant-general's reports, eking them out in some cases by incidents derived from members of the regiments. 
We are under especial obligations to Mr. Asher B. La Fleur, now county treasurer, for interesting items regarding the 4th Infantry. 
We have, of course, used only such portions of the reports as are applicable to Hillsdale County men and in case of small detachments have condensed the official statements into very small compass.
The lists of officers and soldiers are also based on those reports, though there are occasional corrections made by those who have personal knowledge of the matter. 
The list of officers from this county could only be obtained at the adjutant-general's office, as their residence is not given in the published reports. 
We beg leave to acknowledge the courtesies extended us there, as well as the great aid afforded us in our work by the reports. 
Without further preliminary, we proceed at once to tell the story of the part taken by the soldiers of Hillsdale County in the war for the Union.
 
FIRST MICHIGAN INFANTRY.
There were, during the war, fifteen Hillsdale County men in Company C of this regiment, four in Company H, one in Company I, and one in Company K; in all twenty-one. 
The regiment, organized for three years, after the discharge of the first regiment of three-months' volunteers, left the State in September, 1861. 
During the succeeding winter it was in Maryland, guarding the Baltimore and Washington Railroad. 
In the spring of 1862, it went with the Army of the Potomac to the Peninsula, where it took part in the battles of Mechanicsville, Gaines' Mills, and Malvern Hill.
Joining Pope's army immediately after, the 1st participated in the battles of Gainesville, Second Bull Run (in which over half its members were killed or wounded), Antietam, and Fredericksburg.
The next spring it took part in the campaign of Chancellorsville, and after numerous severe marches reached Gettysburg on the 2d of July, 1863, in time to engage in that memorable encounter. 
Nearly a third of the small number which followed its banner were killed or wounded.
During the remainder of the year and the forepart of 1864, the 1st was engaged in the various movements made in Virginia by the Army of the Potomac, and in the meantime was reorganized as a veteran regiment. 
Going into the great campaign of 1864 on the 1st of May, the regiment took part in most of the battles and skirmishes of that terrible time, including Alsop's Farm, Spotsylvania, North Anna, Jericho Mine, and Cold Harbor. 
In June, 1864, when the 4th Infantry went home to be mustered out and reorganized, its veterans and the later recruits were assigned to the 1st, and remained with them until June, 1865. 
It took an active part in the siege of Petersburg, was present at the battle of Weldon Railroad, and participated in the desperate conflict of Poplar Grove Church, where alone it carried two strong fortifications, and a part of an intrenched line.
The regiment remained engaged in the siege of Petersburg throughout the winter, taking part in the battle of Hatcher's Run in February, and in another conflict at the same place in March. 
It was also engaged in the closing battles of the great struggle, including the affair at Appomattox Court-House on the 9th of April, 1865. 
The regiment was mustered out in July.
 
LIST OF MEMBERS FROM HILLSDALE COUNTY.
Luther S. Millard, Co. C; killed at Gaines' Mill, Va., June 27, 1862.
Eliab F. Rogers, Co. C; died Sept. 18, 1862, of wounds received at Bull Run.
John Ball, Jr., Co. C; died.
John E. Crane, Co. C; died at Fortress Monroe, Va., Sept. 21, 1862. 
George Garrett, Co. C; died at Washington, D. C, Oct. 1, 1862. 
John Smalts, Co. C; died at Washington, D. C, Oct. 10, 1862. 
Truman A. Hodgkins, Co. H; missing in action, Jan. 15, 1864. 
Ambrose Cole, Co. I; died of wounds, July 2, 1864. 
Isaac Smith, Co. C; died near Alexandria, Va. 
Michael Helmick, Co. C; dsch. for disability, April 3, 1862. 
John C. Iles, Co. C; disch. at Point Lookout, Md., Feb. 1, 1863. 
James McDougall, Co. C; disch. to re-enl. as veteran. Feb. 17, 1864. 
Wm. R. Newman, Co. C; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Dec. 25, 1863. 
Cornelius Fuller, Co. H; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Feb. 17, 1864. 
Allen O. Goodrich, Co. C; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps, July 1, 1863. 
James McDougall, Co. C; must, out July 9, 1865.
Julius R. Newman, Co. C; must, out at expiration of service, Oct. 24. 1864.
Wm. H. Pettit, Co. C; must, out at expiration of service, Nov. 19, 1864.
Cornelius Fuller, Co. H; must, out July 9, 1865.
Charles D. Hodgkin, Co. H; disch. for disability, Feb. 15, 1863.
Philo M. Palmer, Co. K; must, out July 9, 1865.
 
SECOND INFANTRY.
This regiment numbered among its members no less than seventy soldiers from Hillsdale County; comprising eighteen in Company A, forty in Company D, three in Company E, five in Company F, one in Company G, and one in Company K.
It was the first three-year regiment which left the State; setting out in the forepart of June, 1861. 
Its only combat that season was at Blackburn's Ford, Va., on the 18th of July. 
Remaining near Alexandria during the winter, it went to the Peninsula in March, 1862. 
After taking part in the siege of Yorktown, the regiment proceeded to Williamsburg, where it was actively engaged in the battle of that name; having seventeen killed, thirty-eight wounded, and four missing. 
It also took an active and gallant part in the battle of Fair Oaks, where ten of its members were killed and forty-seven wounded. 
The regiment shared the fortunes of the Army of the Potomac during the remainder of the year, being present at the battles of Glendale, Malvern Hill, second Bull Run, Chantilly, and Fredericksburg, but being so stationed as not to suffer very serious loss.
In March, 1863, the 2d was ordered West, and in June of that year, as a part of the 9th Corps, it joined the army of Gen. Grant, near Vicksburg. 
It arrived in front of Jackson, Miss., on the 10th of June. 
The next day it advanced in skirmish-line and drove the rebel skirmishers from their rifle-pits, but was in return driven back by the main line of the enemy; the total of killed, wounded, and captured during the battle being fifty-six. 
It remained in the vicinity, aiding the operations which resulted in the fall of Vicksburg, about a month after which it went up the river to Kentucky.
In September, 1863, the 2d marched to Knoxville, Tenn., and remained in East Tennessee throughout the year. 
In the latter part of November and forepart of December it was actively engaged in the celebrated defense of that city, which resulted in the complete defeat and withdrawal of the enemy. 
In a charge made on the 24th, the regiment assailed the rebel intrenchments with desperate valor, more than half the number engaged having been killed or wounded.
Having re-enlisted as veterans in January, 1864, the regiment returned home on furlough. 
In April it again joined its old comrades in the Army of the Potomac, and soon plunged into the long and bloody campaign which was to decide the fate of the nation. 
In the battle of the Wilderness, on the 6th of May, the 2d had six men killed and thirty-two wounded; at Spotsylvania Court-House, on the 12th, it had two killed and nine wounded; and at Bethesda Church, on the 2d of June, two were killed and thirty-six wounded.
After crossing the Chickahominy and James Rivers to the vicinity of Petersburg, the regiment took part in the severe battles of the 17th and 18th of June, 1864; having eight killed and seventy-four wounded on the former day, and fourteen killed and sixty-nine wounded on the latter.
Again, on the 30th of Jul)7, after the explosion of the celebrated Petersburg mine, the regiment took an active part in the fruitless attempt to storm the breach, having six men killed, fourteen wounded, and thirty-seven captured by the enemy. 
It was also in the battles of Weldon Railroad, Poplar Spring Church, and Boydton Plank-Road.
During the winter of 1864-65 the 2d was actively engaged in the siege of Petersburg, taking its full part in trench and picket duty, and sharing all the hardships of that gloomy period. 
On the 25th of March it took part in the storming of Fort Steadman, suffering heavily in killed and wounded. 
After the capture of Petersburg and surrender of Lee the regiment was on duty in and near Washington until the 1st of August, when it was sent home and discharged.
 
OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS FROM HILLSDALE COUNTY.
Edwin J. March (previously Capt. of the 27th Inf.), appointed lieut.-Col. April 1, 1864; wounded before Petersburg, June —, 1864; commissioned col. Sept. 30, 1864; resigned April 17, 1865. 
Richard W. Ricaby, appointed Capt. April 1, 1864; wounded June 24, 1864; com. lieut.-col. Dec. 1864; disch. for disability Dec. 14, 1864. 
Edward A. Sherman, com. 1st Lieut. April 1, 1864; wounded near Petersburg, June, 1864; died Aug. 1864. 
Hurlburt Regg, com. 2d Lieut. April 1, 1864; wounded July 17, 1864; disch. for disability Oct. 14, 1864. 
Franklin Burns, Co. A; killed near Petersburg, Va., June 18, 1864. 
Mathew M. Ormsby, Co. A; died of wounds June 19, 1864. 
Sanford Rogers, Co. A; died of wounds Aug. 16, 1864, at David's Island, N. Y. 
Edwin C. Holmes, Co. D; killed near Petersburg, Va., June 18, 1864. 
George Hatch, Co. D; died of wounds at Washington, D. C, Aug. 2, 1864. 
George Crisp, Co. G; died of wounds at Washington, D. C, July 28, 1864. 
Roselle S. Dickson, Co. D; died at Washington, D. C, July 28, 1864. 
Samuel B. Rogers, Co. A; missing in action near Petersburg, Va., July 30, 1864.
Richard Hogarth, Co. A; missing in action near Petersburg, Va., July 30, 1864.
Warren Copeland, Co. A; missing in action near Petersburg, Va., Sept. 30, 1864.
John Tracy, Co. A; missing in action near Petersburg, Va., Sept. 30. 1864; returned.
Charles W. Daniels, Co. D; missing in action near Petersburg, Va., July 30, 1864; returned.
James Beard, Co. D; missing in action near Petersburg, Va., July 30, 1864; returned.
Alvin E. Hank, Co. D; missing in action near Petersburg, Va., Oct. 27, 1864; returned.
Luke Stage, Co. A; died of wounds Oct. 27, 1864.
Thomas Weston, Co. D; killed near Petersburg, Va., Feb. 23, 1865.
William Priestly, Co. D; died of wounds May 18, 1865, at Philadelphia, Pa.
Emanuel Eddinger, Co. E; died of wounds June 26, 1864, at City Point, Va.
William Cartwright, Co. F; killed near Petersburg, Va., Feb. 22, 1865.
John Tracy, Co. A; died at Salisbury, N. C, Feb. 18, 1865.
George Crisp, Co. D; died at Washington, D. C, July 28, 1864.
Edward M. Brown, band; must, out Aug. 1, 1862.
William L. Mapes, Co. B; disch. for wounds Aug. 25, 1862.
Warren Eddinger, Co. E; dlsch. for disability Sept. 26, 1864.
Alexander Campbell, Co. K; disch. for disability, July 1, 1864.
Lavant Palmer, Co. B; disch. Dec. 31, 1863, to re-enl. as veteran.
Edward Bohner, Co. A; must, out June 2, 1865.
Thos. H. Curtis, Co. A; must, out Aug. 2, 1865.
Lncius E. Gridley, Co. A; must, out July 2nd, 1865.
Warren Muller, Co. A; must, out July 28, 1865.
Franklin Russell, Co. A; must, out June 2, 1865.
B. Franklin Sweet, Co. A; must, out May 25, 1865.
George Touse, Co. A; must, out July 28, 1865.
Adna M. Woolsey, Co. A; must, out July 28, 1865.
William Young, Co. A; must, out July 28, 1865.
John W. Stone, Co. D; must, out Aug. 19, 1865.
James Beard, Co. D; must, out July 18, 1865.
Dewitt C. Cherington, Co. D; must, out July 28, 1865.
Levi Dunn, Co. D; must, out July 28, 1865.
Michael Overly, Co. D; must, out June 7, 1865.
Thos. C. Rudabaugh, Co. D; must, out Aug. 3, 1865.
Alvin E. Hank, Co. D; must, out July 28, 1865.
Charles W. Daniels, Co. D; must, out July 28, 1865.
Andrew A. Ewing, Co. D; must, out July 28, 1865.
William Beard, Co. D; must out July 28, 1865.
Freeman Havens, Co. D; must, out July 28, 1865.
Frederick Knecht, Co. D; disch. for disability, May 22, 1865.
Wm. W. Marshall, Co. D; must, out July 28, 1865.
Christian Knecht, Co. D; must, out July 28, 1865.
Ebenezer W. Warren, Co. D; disch. for disabillty, June 26, 1865.
George Hart, Co. D; must, out June 20, 1865.
Henry Fried, Co. D; must, out July 28, 1865.
Samuel H. Helsel, Co. D; must, out July 28, 1865.
Franklin D. Ford, Co. D; must, out June 20, 1865.
James N. Root, Co. D; must, out July 28, 1865.
Myron H. Smith, Co. D; must, out July 28, 1865.
William Morley, Co. D; must, out May 24, 1865.
Andrew Hall, Co. D; disch. for disability, July 30, 1865.
John Ackerman, Co. D; must, out July 28, 1865.
Joseph H. Crisp, Co. D; must, out May 12, 1865.
John Truax, Co. D; disch. for disability, May 26, 1865.
Henry M. Ewing, Co. D; disch. for disability, June 23, 1865.
Marshall Crandall, Co. D; must, out July 28, 1865.
Sidney Jackson, Co. D; must, out June 16, 1865.
Orrin C. Fry, Co. D; must, out June 24, 1865.
David L. Havens, Co. D; must, out June 20, 1865.
John T. Corwin, Co. F; disch. from V. R. C, May 30, 1865.
Alvarus Derthick, Co. F; must, out July 28, 1865.
Wm. H. Vandebogart, Co. F; must, out May 11, 1865.
George Carpenter, Co. F; must, out July 28, 1865.
William Havens, Co. F; disch. by order, June 17, 1865.
William B. May, Co. K; must, out July 28, 1865.
 
THE FOURTH INFANTRY
Number from Hillsdale County—The "Grosvenor Guard" and "Hillsdale Volunteers" — The Fourth in Virginia—Its Conduct after Bull Run—It goes to the Peninsula—Its Gallantry at New Bridge—Also at Malvern Hill, Bull Run, and Antietam—A Night Attack—A Brilliant Success—A Battery Captured—Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville—Desperate Fight at Gettysburg—The Campaign of 1864 — In the Wilderness—Death of Col. Lombard—Victory at Laurel Hill—Continuous Fighting—Time Expires—Veterans, etc., detached—Various Items—The Reorganized Fourth—Eight new Companies Raised—Off for Alabama—A Fight as soon as it Arrives— The Enemy Defeated—Service in Tennessee—Ordered to Texas— Hard Service—Mustered out in 1866—List of Officers and Soldiers.
This regiment, including the recruits added on its reorganization, embraced the largest contingent of Hillsdale County soldiers of any in the service, and was likewise one of the most distinguished of the Michigan regiments for excellent discipline and unflinching valor. 
Previous to the reorganization the number of soldiers from this county who served in Company B was three; in Company C, seven; in E, a hundred and seventeen; in H, ninety-five; and in T, nine; total, two hundred and eighteen. 
In the new organization there were seventy-one Hillsdale County men in Company A, twenty-three in Company B, twelve in C, one in D, seven in E, and seventeen in F; total, one hundred and thirty-one; making a grand total of three hundred and forty-nine; sixty-three more Hillsdale County men than were contained in any other regiment.
When the war news first rang through the country two companies were immediately raised in Hillsdale County; the headquarters of one being at Jonesville, and that of the other at Hillsdale. 
The former was called the “Grosvenor Union Guard," in honor of Hon. E. O. Grosvenor, of Jonesville, and was under the command of Capt. M. A. Funk, while the latter was known as the "Hillsdale Volunteers," commanded by Capt. George W. Lombard, a prominent lawyer of that place.
The young men of Fayette, Litchfield, Scipio, and other northern towns hastened to fill the ranks of the Grosvenor Guard, while those from the southern towns mostly enlisted in the Hillsdale Volunteers. 
A few, as has been seen, went into other companies. 
Being ordered to Adrian, where the 4th Infantry was in process of formation, Capt. Funk's command became Company H of that regiment, while Capt. Lombard's became Company E.
The regiment was speedily filled up, and left Adrian on the 25th of June, 1861, with over a thousand men. 
Arriving in Virginia, the 4th took an active part in the movements connected with the first battle of Bull Run, and after that disastrous conflict it was one of the few regiments which retired in good order, covering the rear of the demoralized army. 
The regiment also aided largely in the construction of the works around Washington.
During the winter of 1861-62 it was encamped at Miner's Hill, VA. 
In the spring of the latter year it went with McClellan's army to Yorktown, and thence up the Peninsula. 
On the 24th of May, it was on the north side of the Chickahominy, at New Bridge. 
An order came to make a reconnaissance in force. 
Five companies of the 4th were directed to cross the river. 
They plunged in under a heavy fire, and made their way steadily across. 
In many places the water was up to the men's necks, and they could only keep their cartridges dry by hanging the boxes on their bayonets and holding their rifles above their heads. 
Once on the other side, the battalion quickly formed and engaged in a desperate conflict with the celebrated Louisiana Tigers, driving them back with heavy loss. 
They were highly complimented by Gen. McClellan for their gallantry, and at once took rank among the best regiments in the service.
On the 26th of June the 4th took part in the battle of Mechanicsville, and in that of Gaines' Mills on the following day. 
Still retiring with the shattered Army of the Potomac, on the 1st of July it reached the hills of Malvern, where the Union forces stood at bay. 
The 4th Michigan was on the extreme left of the Union lines. 
One of the divisions of Stonewall Jackson's corps formed on its left, with the evident intention of turning its flank. 
The brigade to which the 4th belonged changed front, so as to face the enemy, and poured a deadly fire upon them. 
Meanwhile the gunboats in the James River, which lay so as to cover the Union flank, also opened fire on the foe with their big guns, throwing, as our informant expressed it, "shells as big as nail-kegs." 
As their terrible missiles, which cut off trees like pipe-stems, joined their destructive powers to the thick-flying bullets of the 4th Michigan and their comrade regiments, the rebels were very glad to retire in all haste from the position, and did not again attempt to occupy it.
During the fierce battle which followed. 
Col. Woodbury, the commandant of the 4th, was killed. 
Capt. George W. Lombard, of Hillsdale, was promoted to lieutenant-colonel of the regiment for gallant conduct at Malvern Hill, his commission dating from July 1,—the day of the battle. 
The total of casualties in the 4th during the battles of June and July was fifty-three killed, a hundred and forty-four wounded, and fifty-two missing; in all two hundred and thirty-one.
The regiment soon after went north with the Army of the
Potomac, being present in the battles of Gainesville, Second Bull Run, and Antietam, but without suffering very serious loss. 
Three days after the latter battle, on the 20th of September, 1862, the 4th was stationed on the east side of, the Potomac, at Shepherdstown Ford. 
On the western side of the river was a rebel battery of five guns, which kept up a most annoying fire on the troops on the eastern side. 
Gen. Griffin, the commander of the brigade, rode up to the commander of the 4th, saying, —
"Can't you take your regiment quietly into the river after dark, march across, and capture that battery?"
"I can try, sir," promptly replied the officer addressed.
"That's all that anyone can do," said the general; "go ahead and try it."
Accordingly, about nine o'clock at night, the 4th, alone, moved quietly down and took post in the bed of the Baltimore and Ohio Canal, which ran close to the bank of the river, and from which the water had been drained by the breaking of the locks. 
All orders were passed in a whisper, and the utmost care was taken to prevent any untimely noise from disclosing the enterprise to the enemy.
The men looked with considerable distrust on the undertaking; it seemed like a big job to ford a river a third of a mile wide in face of a hostile battery and capture it. 
However, the order was imperative, and few or none were disposed to flinch. 
When all was ready, the requisite orders, still in whispers, were passed along the line, and the men silently arose and passed over the bank into the river. 
The night was dark, and although the enemy's pickets were close to the water on the other side, they could see nothing of the movement which was in progress.
In some places the water was only ankle-deep, in others knee-deep, and in others waist-deep. 
In complete silence the line moved steadily forward until the middle of the stream was nearly reached. 
Then some of the men stumbled on the slippery rocks, and, in saving themselves from falling, made considerable splashing in the water. 
The attention of the rebel pickets was aroused, and, on peering eagerly into the darkness, they could discern the dim line of the silent 4th making its way across the river. 
The next instant a dozen rifles flashed their angry welcome. 
Their leaden messengers whistled among the ranks of the advancing "Yankees," and the sharp reports re-echoed along the rocky banks of the Potomac.
No more need of silence now.
"Forward!" shouted the colonel; "forward! Forward!" repeated the line-officers, and forward went the gallant regiment, all striving to see how quickly they could reach the shore.
On the other hand, the rebels, who seem to have been without much infantry support, got their guns ready for action as speedily as possible, and began a tremendous cannonade. 
But the battery was on high ground, and by the time it opened fire the 4th was so close that the rebel balls went harmlessly over their heads. 
With a thundering cheer, the Union line charged up the steep, rushed with fixed bayonets upon the artillerists, and captured about twenty of them, while the rest fled at the top of their speed into the darkness, leaving their five cannon the prize of the conquerors. 
So well had the plan been arranged and carried out that only two or three men were killed in what had at first appeared to be an undertaking of extreme danger. 
Its very audacity largely assisted its success.
Four of the guns thus taken had been captured by the rebels at the first Bull Run battle from the battery then commanded by Capt. Griffin, of the regular army, who in 1862 was the brigadier-general that ordered the assault just described, and who was intensely gratified at the unexpected recapture of his former pets.
After this exploit, the regiment engaged in the usual marches through the mud and snow of Virginia, until the battle of Fredericksburg, on the 13th and 14th of December, 1862, in which it took an active part, having nine men killed and forty-one wounded. 
It remained in the vicinity of Fredericksburg until the 1st of May, 1863, when it became engaged in the battle of Chancellorsville, though not in the hottest part of the field. 
The total of casualties there—killed, wounded, and missing—was thirty.
Then followed the long march northward under a blazing sun, till on the 1st of July they reached the field of Gettysburg. 
On the 2d they were in the thick of the fight, being then in the 5th Corps. 
Here they met the Louisiana Tigers, their old enemies of the Chickahominy, with other regiments, in one of the few hand-to-hand conflicts of the war. 
For a time the conflict was of the most deadly description. 
Col. Jeffords, the commander of the regiment, fell dead pierced by half a dozen bayonets. 
Several other officers were killed and wounded. 
Lieut.-Col. Lombard assumed command and gallantly continued the fight, but the loss of the regiment was very serious. 
When, on the 4th of July, after the glorious victory of the Union arms was assured, the rolls of the 4th Michigan were called, it was found that twenty-eight men had been killed, eighty were wounded, and seventy-nine were missing.
After Gettysburg the 4th participated in the pursuit of the enemy and other movements of the Army of the Potomac, and was encamped during the winter of 1863-64 at Bealton, on the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. 
Lieut.-Col. Lombard, of Hillsdale, was promoted to colonel, dating from the 3rd of July, 1863.
On the 30th of April, 1864, the 4th broke camp, and set out on the great campaign which was only to close with the overthrow of the Rebellion. 
On the 5th, 6th, and 7th of May the regiment was engaged in the battle of the Wilderness. 
Though not in the thickest of the fight, it suffered a severe loss on the first-mentioned day, the gallant and genial Col. Lombard being mortally wounded by a rebel bullet.
On the morning of the 8th of May, the 4th, with the rest of Griffin's Division, arrived at Laurel Hill, between the Wilderness and Spotsylvania Court-House. 
They remained here during the 8th and 9th, exchanging frequent shots with the enemy, but without a heavy battle. 
On the morning of the 10th of May, while the 4th was supporting a battery, the enemy made a charge on the guns. 
The supports remained in the rear, and the first charge was repulsed by the battery alone.
It was seen, however, that another and more determined charge was about to be made, and pretty soon the gray lines came rushing forward, sounding the well-known rebel yell. 
The brigade to which the 4th belonged was ordered to keep quiet till the enemy was within about ten rods. 
Then, at the sound of the bugle, the Union line advanced rapidly to the battery and delivered a well-directed volley among the advancing Confederates. 
Scores of the latter fell, killed or wounded, before the deadly blast, but, with redoubled yells, the survivors rushed forward towards the coveted cannon. 
The 4th and their comrades stood their ground, and for a few moments a fierce hand-to-hand conflict raged among the guns and caissons. 
In some instances, when bayonets were knocked off the rifles were clubbed and shattered on the heads of foemen.
A brief experience of this kind of fighting was sufficient to satisfy the assailants, and very soon the gray-coats were seen streaming back to the shelter of their rifle-pits. 
Then a counter-charge was ordered, and with a cheer the Union brigade rushed forward, capturing a large number of prisoners and taking and holding the first line of the rebel works. 
This was the signal for a general advance along the Union lines, by which several thousand prisoners were captured. 
In the brief conflict of the morning the 4th had twenty men killed and wounded, which was nearly ten per cent, of the number engaged.
The 4th was in the advanced lines of the 5th Corps throughout the 11th, 12th, 13th, and 14th days of May, a large part of the time being actively engaged as skirmishers. 
It also participated in a brisk conflict near Jericho Mills, on the North Anna River. 
In fact it was at this period engaged in fighting nearly every day and almost all day. 
On the 29th, 30th, and 31st days of May, and the 1st day of June it was skirmishing south of the Pamunkey River, and on the 3d of the latter month it took part in the capture of the enemy's works at Bethesda Church.
Crossing the James River, the regiment arrived in front of Petersburg on the 1Gth of June, and the next day was engaged in a skirmish. 
Its time expired on the 19th of June, and on that very day it took part in a sharp engagement, having eight men killed and wounded. 
That evening it was relieved from duty and the next day embarked for Washington. 
It arrived in Detroit on the 26th of June, and on the 30th was mustered out of service.
A hundred and twenty-nine of the men, however, had re-enlisted as veterans, which, with recruits who joined after the organization, brought up the number of those whose time had not expired to two hundred and eighty soldiers and three officers. 
These were assigned to duty with the 1st Michigan Infantry when the 4th left the seat of war.
Of the ten hundred and eighty-five gallant officers and men who left Adrian in the 4th Infantry for the front in June, 1861, there were only two hundred and twenty-three on the rolls at the time of muster out, in addition to the one hundred and twenty nine re-enlisted veterans. 
Of those who had been dropped from the rolls nearly two hundred had been killed in action or died of wounds. 
Only about fifty had died of disease during the whole time, but about two hundred and fifty were discharged for disability. 
The report for 1862 is defective, so that we cannot give the exact numbers. 
During the last eight months of service only twelve had died of disease, while forty had been killed in action, showing that the men had become pretty 1 well-seasoned to the hardships of camp-life.
 
THE REORGANIZED FOURTH INFANTRY.
The one hundred and twenty-nine veterans of the old 4th formed but a small basis for a new regiment, but a determined effort was made to organize one. 
The veterans were consolidated into two companies, and an order was issued for the enlistment of eight more. 
A camp was established at Adrian on the 26th of July, and Lieut.-Col. Hall of the old 4th was made colonel of the new organization. 
The work was completed in about two months and a half, and on the 14th of October, 1864, the new regiment was mustered into service. 
As before stated, there served in A company of the new 4th (commanded by Capt. Geo. A. Knickerbocker) seventy-one men of Hillsdale County; in B company, twenty-three; in C, twelve; in D, one; in E, seven; and in F, seventeen,—total, one hundred and thirty-one.
On the 22nd of October the regiment left Adrian, proceeding to Decatur, Ala., which they reached on the 28th, where their career was at once inaugurated by a battle with the forces of the rebel general Hood, who had already attacked that town. 
The assailants were repulsed, the 4th having only one man killed and four wounded. 
It was afterwards sent to Murfreesboro', where it was kept on picket and guard duty until the middle of January, 1865. 
It then went to Huntsville, Ala, where it was assigned to the Hd Division, 3rd Brigade, 4th Army Corps.
In the latter part of March it was ordered to East Tennessee. 
It remained there, constantly on the march, about a month, when it returned to Nashville. 
It stayed at that point until the middle of June, when, with its corps, it was sent to New Orleans. 
It was then joined by the detachment of the old 4th Infantry which had previously been on duty with the 1st. 
The regiment proceeded to Texas in July.
The fighting was over but the service was severe; owing to the heat, and the scarcity and badness of the water, many died. 
The regiment was on duty at various points in Texas, mostly at San Antonio and vicinity, until May 26, 1866, when it was mustered out of service at Houston, in that Stale. 
On the 10th of June it arrived at Detroit, where it was paid off and disbanded.
 
OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS OF THE OLD AND NEW 4TH INFANTRY, FROM HILLSDALE COUNTY.
George W. Lombard, commissioned Capt. May 16, 1861; lieut.-col., July 1, 1862; col., July 3, 1863; mortally wounded in battle of the Wilderness, May 5, 1864: died May 6, 1864. 
C. C. Doolittle. com. 1st Lieut. May 16, 1861; Capt., Aug. 20, 1861; wounded at Gaines' Mill, June 27, 1862; col., 18th Infantry, July 27, 1862; brig Gen. of vols., May 11, 1865; brev. maj.-gen. of vols., June in, 1865; must, out Nov. 30, 1865.
Simon B. Hadley, com. 1st Lieut. May 16,1861; resigned; re-app. as Capt., Feb. 1, 1863; res. May 31, 1861, to accept app. as assist, adj.-gen. with rank of Capt.; finally res. Jan. 1, 1865. 
Moses A. Funk, com. Capt. May 16, 1861; resigned.
Charles B. Parsons, com. 2d Lieut. May 16, 1861; wounded at Gaines ‘Mills,
June 27, 1862; res. March 7, 1863. 
William H. McConnell, com. 2d Lieut. May 16, 1861; res. Jan. 2, 1862. 
Charles Marvin, com. 2d lieut., 1861; 1st lieut., 1862; Capt., 1862; res. Jan. 2, '63. 
Robert Campbell, com, qr.-mr. Sept. 1, 1862; must, out June 30, 1864. 
Josiab D. Emerson, com. 2d Lieut. Sept. 3, 1862; 1st Lieut. Dec. 13, 1862; must. out June 30, 1864. 
William H. Sherman, com. 1st Lieut. April 5, 1864; res. Sept. 13, 1864. 
Horatio G. Lombard, com. 1st Lieut. Nov. 14,1862; captured at Gettysburg, July 2, 1863.
Jacob H. Star, Com. 1st Lieut. Sept. 13, 1864; must, out May 26, 1866. 
George A. Knickerbocker, com as Capt. July 26, 1864; res. Jan. 31, 1865. 
Samuel S. Walker, com. 2d Lieut. July, 1862; must, out on expiration of service. 
Levi J. Courtright, Co. E; killed at Hall's Hill, Sept. 4, 1861. 
Truman K. Blatchley, Co. H; killed at Malvern Hill, July 1, 1862. 
Henry L. Morehouse, Co. H; killed at Malvern Hill, July 1, 1862. 
Oliver C. Vanderpool, Co. H; killed at Malvern Hill, July 1, 1862. 
William M. Worden, Co. E; died near Falmouth, Va., March 30, 1863. 
David Cronk, Co. F; died at Adrian, Mich., June 16, 1861. 
Isaac Coleman, Co. H; died at Harrison's Landing, VA., July 12. 1862. 
Columbus L. Bradley, Co. H; died on hospital boat, en route to New York, Aug. 7, 1862. 
David C. Brock, Co. E; killed at Malvern Hill, Va., July 1, 1862. 
Alfred H. Dolph, Co. E; killed at Malvern Hill, Va., July 1, 1862. 
Frank B. Forncrook, Co. E; killed at Malvern Hill, Va., July 1, 1862. 
Thos. Van Valkenburg, Co. E; killed at Malvern Hill, Va., July 1, 1862. 
Thos. Prestol, Co. E; died July l'i, 1862, of wounds received in action. 
John Millions, Co. H; killed at Gaines Mills, Va., June 27, 1862. 
Avery Randall, Co. E; died Dec. 18, 1861. 
David Wordon, Co. E; died April 26, 1862. 
Oliver Gilbert, Co. H; died Oct. 27, 1861. 
William H. Sloan, Co. H; died Dec. 3. 1861. 
Madison Van Meter, Co. H; died Aug. 23, 1861. 
Francis Yawger, Co. H; died Nov. 16, 1861. 
Juiues T. Wood, Co. H; died at Philadelphia, Pa., Aug. 25, 1862. 
Watson W. Fuller, Co. H; missing at Malvern Hill, Va., July 1, 1862. 
Charles W. Gregory, Co. H; killed at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, 1861. 
James H. Pendleton, Co. H; killed at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, 1863. 
Edwin G. Tripp, Co. H; died at Gettysburg, Pa., of wounds, July 12, 1863. 
Sewell A. Jennison, Co. E; died in camp, March 30, 1863. 
Elam J. Todd, Co. H; died at Philadelphia, Pa., Sept. 18, 1862. 
Cyrenus Cargill, Co. C; missing at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, 1863. 
Riley N. Ainsworth, Co. E; died in rebel prison, at Richmond, Va. 
Wm. R. Fuller, Co. E; missing at Gettysburg Pa. 
John Tarsney, Co. E; missing at Gettysburg, Pa. 
George A. Walker, Co. E; returned. 
James R. Stillwell, Co. H; returned. 
Chester Yawger, Co. H; returned. 
Setb English, Co. C; died of wounds, June 22, 1864, near Petersburg, Va. 
George W. Teachout, Co. C; killed at North Anna, Va., May 23, 1864. 
Heman S. Thewing, Co. C; died of wounds, June 19, 181.4, at Washington, D. C. 
James Tarsney, Co. E; killed in the Wilderness, Va., Mayo, 1864. 
James Terwilliger, Co. E; killed in the Wilderness, Va., May 5, 1864. 
Amon C. Lake, Co. E; died May 14. 18t4, of wounds received in Wilderness. 
Benjamin Best, Co. E; killed at Wilderness, May 15, 1864. 
George A. Walker, Co. E; killed at Spotsylvania, VA., May 9, 1864. 
John P. Fuller, Co. F; died at Fredericksburg, Va., of wounds, June 26, 1864. 
John Goodenberger, Co. F; died at Washington, D. C, of wounds, May 22, 1864. 
Ira Worden, Co. H; killed near Richmond, Va., June 3, 1864 
Emery B. Kelly, Co. I; killed at Wilderness, Va., May 6, 1864. 
Stephen C. Bond, Co. C; died at Baltimore, Md. 
Edward Rhodes, Co. C; missing while on picket, Aug. 21, 1864. 
John W. Vanness, Co. C; missing while on picket, Aug. 21, 1864. 
Timothy B. Burch, Co. E; missing at Wilderness, Va., Nov. 23, 1863. 
Wm. H. Smith, Co. E; missing at Wilderness, Va., Nov. 23, 1863. 
Horatio B. Parker, Co. H; died at Harrison's landing, Va., Aug. 4, 1862. 
Charles W. Page, Co. F; died at Hatcher's Run, Feb. 6, 1865. 
John Hardy, Co. H; died at White Oak Swamp, Va , June 14, 1864. 
Wm. T. Fiester, Co. E; trans, to new 4th Inf., June 28, 1865. 
James H. Harrison, Co. E; trans, to new 4th Inf., June 28, 1865. 
Charles T. Hartson, Co. E; trans, to new 4th Inf., June 28, 1865. 
Thomas Taroney, Co. E; trans, to now 4th Inf., June 28, 1865. 
Allen Freeman, Co. F; trans, to new 4th Inf., June 28, 1865. 
Harvey B. Braddock, Co. F; trans, to new 4th Inf., June 28, 1865. 
Warren M. Champlain, Co. F; trans, to now 4th Inf., June 28, 1865. 
Wm. B. Duryea, Co. F; trans, to new 4th Inf., June 28, 1865. 
James H. Duryoa, Co. F; trans, to new 4th Inf., June 28, 1865. 
John A. Alden, Co. H; trans, to new 4th Inf., June 28, 1865. 
John Dean, Co. H; trans, to new 4th Inf., June 28, 1865. 
Origen H. Getter, Co. H; trans, to new 4th Inf., June 28. 1865. 
Asher Lufleur, Co. H; trans, to new 4th Inf., June 28, 1865. 
Wm. Marks, Co. H; trans, to new 4tb Inf., June 28, 1865. 
EnosS. Nobles, Co. H; trans, to new 4th Inf., June28, 1865. 
Wm. Robinson, Co. H; trans, to new 4th Inf., June 28, 1865. 
Joseph Sandbar, Co. H; trans, to new 4th Inf., June 28, ISO.',. 
Andrew J. Cook, Co. I; trans, to now 4th Inf., June 28, 1865. 
John Wallace, Co. I; trans, to new 4th Inf., June 28, 1865, 
Jesse D. Critchfield, Co. E; disch. for disability, April 26, 1862. 
George Comfort, Co. E; disch. for disability. March 5, 1862. 
Isaac Chase, Co. E; disch. for disability, Jan. 26, 1862. 
Charles M. Drake, Co. E; disch. for disability, March 6, 1862. 
Newton Green, Co. E; disch. for disability, Sept. 6, 1861. 
Alvro F. Gleason, Co. E; disch. July 15, 1861. 
George E. Gates, Co. E; disch. July 15, 1861. 
John D. Neal, Co. E; disch. April 24, 1862. 
Justin Russell. Co. E; disch. June 24, 1861. 
Watson C. Simmons, Co. E; disch. for disability, April 22, 1862. 
John W. Brown, Co. E; disch. Dec. 18, 1861. 
Eli Burk, Co. E; disch. Aug. 13, 1861. 
George E. Beebe, Co. E; disch. for disability. 
William H. Ross, Co. E; disch. for disability, Oct. 6, 1862.
Billings B. Merritt, Co. E; disch. for disability, Oct. 27,1862.
F. Brown, Co. E; disch. for disability, Aug. 4, 1862.
William H. Bird, Co. E; disch. for disability, Nov. 14, 1862.
Marc A. Merrifleld, Co. E; disch. for disability, Nov. 18, 1862.
Walter W. Wright, Co. E; disch. for disability, Nov. 18, 1862.
Chauncy A. Brown, Co. E; disch. for disability, Oct. 18, 1862.
Wm. F. D McCarty, Co. E; disch. Nov. 3, 1862, to enl. in regular service.
Lawrence Wright, Co. E; disch. Nov. 3, 1862, to el. in regular service.
Albert W. Wilson, Co. E; disch. for disability, Dec. 2, 1862.
Joseph Stevens, Co. E; disch. for disability, Dec. 3, 1862.
Oliver P. Stone, Co. E; disch. Nov. 26, 1862, to enl. in regular service.
Charles T. Jeffers, Co. H; disch. for disability, Dec. 12, 1861.
William Lindsley, Co. H; disch. for disability, May 5, 1862.
Charles S. Birdsall, Co. H; disch. for disability, April 29, 1862.
Allen Anderson, Co. H; disch. for disability, Jan. 13, 1862.
John Warren, Co. H; disch. for disability, July 29, 1861.
Jesse L. Hadley, Co. H; disch. for disability, Dec. 18, 1861.
Marion F. Howe, Co. H; diach. for disability, Dec. 9, 1861.
George W. Jeffers, Co. H; disch. for disability, Sept. 6, 1861.
Michael Miller, Co. H; disch. for disability, Nov. 21, 1861.
Ira Murdock, Co. H; disch. for disability, July 20, 1881.
Byron F. Nutton, Co. H; disch. for disability, Nov. 21, 1861.
James H. Ostrander, Co. H; disch. for disability, Sept. 16, 1861.
Samuel S. Parker, Co. H; disch. for disability, Jan. 6, 1862.
Erastus W. Page, Co. H; disch. for disability, Jan. 15, 1862.
John Pittwood, Co. H; disch. for disability, July 29, 1861.
Mosley S. Ten Eyck, Co. H; disch. for disability, Sept. 24, 1861.
Henry Upthegrove, Co. H; disch. for disability, Jan. 2, 1862.
Charles P. White, Co. H; disch. for disability, Nov. 21, 1861.
William Wilder, Co. H; disch. for disability, July 29, 1861.
Jules L. Williams, Co. H; disch. for disability, Jan. 2, 1862.
Linden H. Allen, Co. H; disch. for disability, Sept. 27, 1862.
Martin McConnell, Co. H; disch. for disability, July 19, 1862.
Olney J. Smith, Co. H; disch. for disability, Nov. 17, 1862.
Cornelius M. Hadley, Co. H; disch. for disability, Oct. 23, 1862.
Orson L. Parks, Co. H; disch. for disability, Nov. 12, 1862.
William Smith, Co. H; disch. for disability, Oct. 25, 1862.
Lafayette Young, Co H; disch. for disability, Sept. 18, 1862.
Charles S. Duncan, Co. B; disch. by order, Jan. 2, 1863.
Jan is D. Rolfe, Co. E; disch. for disability, Jan. 1, 1863.
Ira Williams, Co. E; disch. for disability, Dec. 26, 1862.
Orlando Gilchrist, Co. E; disch. for disability, Nov. 30, 1862.
Thomas Vanvalkenburgh, Co. E; disch. for disability, Feb. 4, 1863.
Charles H.Smith, Co. E; disch. for promotion, March 27, 1863.
Edward Gavitt, Co. E; disch. by order, Sept. 15, 1863.
George B. Brown, Co. E; disch. for disability, April 14, 1863.
William L. Worden, Co. E; disch for disability, Feb. 16, 1863.
Ottawa C. Allen, Co. E; disch. for disability, Jan. 24, 1863.
Webster H. Abbott, Co. E; disch. for disability, Aug. 1, 1863.
Gilbert D. Ward, Co E; disch. for disability, Oct. 14, 1863.
Orlando F. Weaver, Co. E; diach. fordisability, Oct. 13, 1863.
Orlando Nash, Co. H; disch. for disability, Jan. 2, 1863.
Alouzo B. Vanscoter, Co. H; disch. for disability, Dec. 22, 1862.
William G. Gay, Co. H; disch. for disability, Jan. 12, 1863.
William Morehouse, Co. H; disch. for disability, Jan. 31, 1863.
William Dover, Co. H; disch. for disability, April 6, 1863.
David W. Todd, Co. H; disch. for disability, Jan. 26, 1863.
Edward L. Walter, Co. H; disch. for disability, Feb. 20, 1863.
James Henry, Co. H; disch. for disability, Jan. 25 ,1863.
Mauley Rood, Co. H; disch. for disability, Feb. 28, 1863.
Miles Jones, Co. H; disch. for disability, March 13, 1863.
George Krimer, Co. H; disch. for disability, Dec. 1862.
Darius Van Allen, Co. H; disch. for disability, Dec. 1862.
John Coleman, Co. H; disch. by order, July 1, 1863.
Sidney A. Willis, Co. H; disch. by order, Sept. 15, 1863.
Lyman Osborne, Co. H; disch. by order, Oct. I, 1863.
Charlos S. Duncan, Co. B; disch. at expiration of service, June 30, 1864.
Charles Coppins, Co. B; disch. at expiration of service, Nov. 7, 1864.
George W. Coffin, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, Nov. 11, 1863.
Oscar B. Abbott, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, Nov. 11, 1863.
Charles A. Fletcher, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, June 28, 1864.
Henry W. McGee, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, June 28, 1861.
Marion F. Hunt, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, June 28, 1864.
William R. Fuller, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, June 28, 1864.
William F. Bristol, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, June 28, 1864.
Augustus R. Barker, Co. E; disch. at expiration ol service, June 28, 1864.
Benjamin Best, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, June 28, 1864.
Timothy F. Burch, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, June 28, 1864.
Chauncey V. Burnett, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, June 28, 1864.
William H. H. Birgo, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, June 28, 1864.
Joseph Crisler, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, June 28, 1864
John F. Dugan, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, June 28, 1861.
Wm. H. Dilldiue, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, June 28, 1864.
David Fox, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, June 28, 1864.
John Fleming, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, June 28, 1864.
John Farley, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, June 28, 1864.
James H. Hullinger, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, June 28, 1864. 
Thaddeus Huff, Co. E, disch. at expiration of service, June 28, 1864. 
Hiram L. Hartson, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, June 28, 1864. 
John Hewitt, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, June 28, 1864. 
Georgo W. Hughes, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, June 28, 1864. 
Frank Miller, Co. E; disch. nt expiration of service, June 28, 1864. 
Stephen H. Mallory, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, June 28,1864. 
Charles H. Rupert, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, June 28, 1864. 
Philip Stanback, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, June 28, 1864. 
George H. Stacy, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, June 28, 1864. 
William H. Smith, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, June 28, 1864. 
James K. Spence, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, June 28, 1864. 
Mark W. Taylor, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, June 28, 1864. 
Archibald Wier, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, June 28, 1864. 
Francis C. Waller, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, June 28, 1864. 
Sylvanus Atherton, Co. H; disch. for disability, June 24, 1863. 
Martin V. B. Rhodes, Co. H; disch. at expiration of service, Dec. 22, 1863. 
William H. Sutherland, Co. H; disch. at expiration of service, Nov. 11, 1863. 
John Staley, Co. H; disch. at expiration of service, June 30, 1864. 
Herbert D. Smith, Co. H; disch. at expiration of service, June 30, 1864. 
Hiram Dodge, Co. H; disch. at expiration of service, June 30, 1864. 
James Cooley, Co. H; disch. by order, Nov. 16, 1863. 
Alvin Dodge, Co. H; disch. for disability, March 9, 1864. 
Frank Shadbolt, Co. E; disch. to rc-eul. as veteran, Jan. 29, 1864. 
James H. Harroun, Co. E; disch. to re-eul. as veteran, Feb. 13, 1864. 
James H. Quackenbush, Co. E; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Dec. 29, 1863. 
Seth Bolles, Co. E; disch. to re-eul. as veteran, Dec. 29, 1863. 
Charles W. Decker, Co. E; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Dec. 29, 1863. 
Amos Strong, Co. E; disch. to re-eul. as veteran, Dec. 29, 1863. 
William T. Feister, Co. E; disch. to re-eul. as veteran, Dec. 29, 1863. 
Thomas Tarsney, Co. E; disch. to re-eul. as veteran, Dec. 29, 1863. 
Asher B. Lafluer, Co. H; dlsch. to re-enl. as veteran, Dec. 29, 1863. 
Enos S. Nobles, Co. H; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Doc. 29, 1863. 
John A. Alden, Co. H; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Dec. 29, 1863. 
Henry L. Case, Co. H; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Dec. 29, 1863. 
John Dean, Co. H; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Dec. 29, 1863. 
John D. Hardy, Co. H; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Dec. 29, 1863. 
William H. Marks, Co. H; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Dec. 29, 1863. 
William W. Robinson, Co. H; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Dec. 29, 1863. 
Ira Worden, Co. H; disch. to re-eul. as veteran, Dec. 29, 1863. 
Archibald Gilchrist, Co. E; disch. For disability, Jan. 29, 1863. 
George Moon, Co. E; disch. for disability, Oct. 23, 1862. 
Amos Strong, Co. E; must, out Aug. 5, 1865. 
Albert M. Wilbur, Co. E; disch. for disability, Doc. 2, 1862. 
George Ward, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, June 28, 1864. 
Clarence L. Northrup, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, March 18, 1865. 
Henry S. Seage, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 12, 1861. 
Thomas Terwilliger, Co. E; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 12, 1864. 
Franklin Shadbolt, Co. E; must, out Sept. 11, 1865. 
Herbert D. Bryan, Co. E; must, out June 5, 1865. 
Joseph H. Jaggor, Co. E; must, out June 5, 1865. 
William Washburn, Co. E; must, out June 5, 1865. 
George L. Brewster, Co. E; must, out June 5, 1865. 
S. Spencer, Co. E; must, out June 5, 1865. 
Henry M. Brodock, Co. F; disch. for disability, May 1, 1865. 
Henry L. Case, Co. H; disch. for disability, June 9, 1865. 
David T. Cobb, Co. H; disch. for disability, Jan. 27, 1863. 
George Kinney, Co. H; disch. for disability, June 4, 1862. 
William H. H. Marsh, Co. H; must, out Sept. 26, 1865. 
William Robinson, Co. H; must, out July 31, 1865. 
James Stillwell, Co. H; disch. at expiration of service, Jan. 13, 1865. 
Chester Yauger, Co. H; disch. at expiration of service, Jan. 4, 1865. 
Darius Briggs, Co. H; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 3, 1864. 
David G. Cornell, Co. I: must, out May 12, 1865. 
Charles E. Nichols, Co. I; must, out June 15, 1865.
 
NEW FOURTH INFANTRY.
Arthnr D. Pierce, non-commissioned staff; died at Murfreesboro', Tenn., Jan. 7, 1865.
Thomas Weir, non-com. staff; died at Hillsdale, Mich., Jan. 30, 1865. 
George Austine. Co. A; died at San Antonio, Tex., Oct. 8, 1865. 
William Greening, Co. A; died at San Antonio, Tex., Nov. 8, 1865. 
Lewis A. Hill, Co. A; died at Huntsville, Ala., March 6, 1865. 
Giles C. Hodgman, Co. A; died at Knoxville, Tenn., March 30, 1865. 
Horace J. Mosher, Co. A; died at Nashville, Tenn., Dec. 28, 1864. 
Samuel McLane, Co. A; died at Nashville, Tenn., March 18, 1865. 
George W. Norton, Co. A; died at St. Louis, Mo., Dec. 31, 1864. 
Hamlin Treat, Co. A; died at Jeffersonville, Ind., Jan. 17, 1865. 
Cicero S. Taylor, Co. A; died at Murfreesboro', Tenn., May 18, 1865. 
Floyd Thomas, Co. A; died at Larkinsville, Ala., Nov. 13, 1864. 
Jehlsl Winter, Co. A; died at Nashville, Tenn., May 14.1865. 
Alvin Wisner, Co. A; died at Murfreesboro', Tenn., March 23, 1865. 
William C. Norton, Co. A; died at San Antonio, Texas, Oct. 22, 1865. 
George Duryee, Co. A; died at Nashville, Tenn., May 3, 1865. 
William Darling, Co. A; died at HonUville, Ala, Jan. 25, 1865. 
Daniel S. Chapman, Co. A; died at Uuutsville, Ala., Jan. 25, 1865. 
Alfred M. Davis, Co. A; died at Nashville, Tenn., Feb. 9, 1863.
George S. Donaldson, Co. A; died at St. Louis, Mo., Dec. 25, 1865.
Nathan Smith, Co. B; died at Nashville, Tenn., Feb. 18, 1865.
William G. Straight, Co. B; died at Nashville, Tenn., June 7, 1865.
Asa W. Houghton, Co. E; died at Nashville, Tenn. May 23, 1865.
Samuel Richardson, Co. E; died at Adrian, Mich., Oct. 15, 1864.
John Holtslander. Co. E; died at Nashville, Tenn., May 31, 1860.
A. Wisner, Co. I; died at Nashville, Tenn., March El, 1865.
Samuel A. Aldon, Co. K; died at Petersburg, Va., Aug. 16, 1864.
Harvey C. Beam, Co. K; died at Green Lake, Texas, Aug. 3, 1865.
Stephen C. Bond, Co. K; died at Baltimore, Md., July 1, 1864.
Henry A. Chapman, Co. K; died at Philadelphia, Pa., June 20, 1866.
Cyrus P. Cobb, Co. K; died at Washington, D. C, June, 1865.
Seth English, lVi. K; died of wounds received June 22, 1865.
Thomas King, Jr., Co. K; died at Hudson, Mich., Sept. 19, 1864.
Justus Macoy, Co. K; died at Philadelphia, Pa., Oct. 6, 1864.
Washington Pease, Co. K; died at Washington, D. C, May 21, 1865.
Charles B. Raynor, Co. K; died at Alexandria, Va., June 26, 1864.
George W. Teachout, Co. K; died at North Anna, Va., May 22, 1864.
Thomas S. Thewing, Co. K; died at Washington, D. C., March 19, 1864.
Rynear Van Wagner, Co. K; died at Alexandria, Va.
Laban A. Howard, N. C. S.; must, out June 12, 1866.
James H. Thiell, Co. A; must, out May 28, 1866.
Orrin E. Nichols, Co. A; must, out June 14, 1865.
Thomas J. Lowery, Co. A; must, out Aug. 30, 1865.
Dexter C. Avery, Co. A; must, out May 26, 1866.
Charles F. Clark, Co. A; must, out June 29,1865.
Jacob Pepper, Co. A; must, out May 26, 1866.
Warren Clements, Co. A; must, out May 23, 186o.
Corydon Barnes, Co. A; must, out Aug. 8, 1865.
James E. Herbert, Co. A; must, out March 3, 1865.
William H. Bailey, Co. A; must, out Jan. 18, 1866.
Nelson F. Abbott, Co. A; must, out Aug. 3, 1865.
James Blanks, Co. A; must, out May 26, 1866.
Thos. E. Bishop, Co. A; must, out Aug. 18, 1865.
Joseph Baker, Co. A; must, out May 26, 18O6.
John W. Bagerly, Co. A; must, out June 3, 1865.
Myres Brodock, Co. A; must, out May 26, 1866.
John Beema, Co. A; must, nut May 26, 1866.
Edmond Buck, lo. A; must, out May 26, 1866.
Leroy Brown, Co. A; must. out May 26, 1866.
William Burch, Co. A; must, out Aug. 26, 1865.
De Forest J. Carroll, Co. A; must, out Aug. 18, 1865.
Henry T. Clark. Co. A; must, out May 30, 1865.
Charles Carlton, Co. A; must, out May 26, 1866.
William Carlton, Co. A; must, out May 26, 1865.
Walter L. Fink, Co. A; disch. by order, June 2, 1865.
George Q. Fitzsimons, Co. A; must, out July 13, 1865.
Frank Greening, Co. A; must, out May 8, 1866.
Orville W Hodge, Co. A; must, out June 22, 1865.
William P. Hidden, Co. A; must, out June 1, 1865.
Edward Haggar, Co. A; must, out May 26, 1866.
Joseph Howard, Co. A; must. out May 8, 1866.
George Hungiton, Co. A; must, out March 6, 1866.
Silas W. Haynes, Co. A; must, out May 26, 1866.
Georgo Kimball, Co. A; must, out May 26, 1866.
John Millson, Co. A; must, out May 26, 1866.
William Moore, Co. A; must, out June 21, 1865.
Benjamin F. Ogden, Co. A; must, out May 23, 1865.
Loren Ostrand, Co. A; must, out Jan. 18, 1866.
Leonard Parish, Co. A; must, out May 26, 1866.
Rollln L. Rice, Co. A; must. out May 26, 1866.
Charles E. Riker, Co. A; must, out June 14, 1866.
Crawford Stourk, Co. A; must, out July 31, 1865.
Frederick L. Storm, Co. A; disch. by order, June 9, 1865.
Archibald Storm, Co. A; disch. by order, June 9, 1865.
Byron G. Saxton, Co. A; must, out May 26, 1866.
Thomas Williams. Co. A; must, out June 12, 1866.
James Thompson, Co. A; must, out May 26, 1866.
Reeves E. Taylor, Co. A; must, out Aug. 14, 1865.
Cornelius Vaneeter, Co. A; must, out May 26, 1866.
Alexander Vrooman, Co. A; must, out May 26, 1866.
Robert Wilson, Co. A; must, out May 26, 1866.
Thomas A. Wilcox, Co. A; disch. by order, June 6, 1865.
John S. Piorson, Co. A; disch. at expiration of service, April 13, 1866.
George A. Losey, Co. B; must, out May 26, 1866.
Alansou S. Teed, Co. B; disch. by order, Aug. 17,1865.
Orlando Miner, Co. B; must, out May 26, 1866.
Jerome Wilcox, Co. B; must, out May 26, 1866.
Jonathau Burton, Co. B; must, out Jan. 17, 1866.
Lewis Britton, Co. B; disch. by order, July 13, 1865.
Augustus Burton, Co. B; must, out May 26, 1866.
Henry Barnes, Co. B; must, out May 26, 1866.
David Carlisle, Co. B; must, out July 26, 1865.
Martin Carpenter, Co. B; must, out May 26, IS65.
William H. Carpenter, Co. B; must, out June 16, 1865. 
George H. Dennis, Co. B; must, out Jan. 25, 1866. 
Charles H. Fairbanks, Co. B . must, out May 25,1866. 
Stephen G. Fuller, Co. B; must, out May 25, 1866. 
Thomas W. Lea, Co. B: disch. by order, May 23, 1865. 
Henry A. Pipor, Co. B; must, out May 26, 1866. 
Sylvanus Soles, Co. B; must, out May 26, 1866. 
Franklin Tayer, Co. B; must, out May 23, 1865. 
Elbrldge Williams, Co. B; must, out Aug. 31, 1865. 
Daniel Wean, Co. B; disch. by order, June 5, 1865. 
Asher Lafleur, Co. B; must, out June 5, 1865. 
Enos S. Nobles, Co. C; must, out Feb. 26, 1866. 
William T. Feister, Co. C; must, out Feb. 26, 1866. 
John Aldon, Co. C; disch by order, Sept. 11, 1865. 
Seth Bowles, Co. C; must, out Feb. 1866. 
David Cornell, Co. C; disch. by order, May 12,1865. 
Warren H. Champlin, Co. C; must, out Jan. 15,1K66. 
John Dean, Co. C; must, out Feb. 26, 1866. 
James H. Harman, Co. C; must, out Feb. 26, 1866. 
Charles E. Nichols, Co. C; disch. by order, June 15, 1865. 
William H. Robinson, Co. C; must, out Feb. 16, 1866. 
Amos Strong, Co. C; must, out Sept. 11, 1865. 
Frank Shadbolt, Co. C; must, out Aug. 5, 1865. 
George H Southwick, Co. D; must, out May 26, 1866. 
Edward Crisher, Co. E; must out May 26, 1866. 
Andrew J. Earles, Co. E; must, out May 23, 1865. 
Charles H. Foote, Co. E; must, out May, 1866. 
William Sawyer, Co. E; must, out Oct. 16, 1865. 
Cassius M. Windsor, Co. F; must, out Sept. 21, 1865. 
Robert Seeley, Co. F; must, out Aug. 7, 1865. 
William Brooks, Co. F; must, out Aug. 5, 1865. 
James H. Kelley, Co. F; must, out May 26, 1866. 
Hugh Keeney, Co. F; must, out July 3, 1865. 
Laurence Miner, Co. F; must, out Nov. 12, 1865. 
Atelieson Mellen, Co. F; must, out April 16, 1865. 
George N. Msyson, Co. F; must, out July 13, 1S65. 
George M. D. Southworth, Co. F; must, out May 26, 1866. 
Myron Vancloke, Co. F; must, out May26, 1866. 
Charles Town, Co. F; must, out Sept. 29, 1865. 
Henry Van Vleet, Co. F; disch. by order, Sept. 12,1865. 
Edwin D. Plumb, Co. F; disch. at exp. of service, March 23, 1866.
Andrew Walters, Co. F; disch. at exp. of service, March 7, 1866.
Francis E. Hill, Co F; must, out Aug. 29, 1865.
Calvin Maloney, Co. F; disch. at exp. of service, March 7, 1866.
Quincy Farmer, Co. F; disch. at exp. of service, March 27, 1866.
J. S. Bush, Co. K; must, out May 26, 1866.
William E. Newell, Co. K; must, out May 26, 1866.
Amos English, Co. K; must, out Hay 26, 1866.
Wm. H. Duryee, Co. K; must, out May 26, 1866.
Alfred A. Irish, Co. K; must, out May 26, 1866.
Luman H. Dillon, Co. I; must, out May 26, 1866.
Albert W. Vanness, Co. K; must, out May 26, 1866
Charles Buchanan, Co. K; must out May 26, 1866.
Almon S. Bassett, Co. K; must, out May 26, 1866.
Henry M. Brodock, Co. K; must, out June 14, 1865.
William Bryant, Co. K; must, out May 4, 1865.
George W. Booth, Co. K; must out Feb. 28, 1865.
Marcus H. Colo, Co. K; must, out May 26, 1866.
Andrew J. Cook, Co. K; must, out May 26, 1866.
James Duryea, Co. K; must, out May 26, 1866.
Adelbert Delameter, Co. K; disch. by order, Feb. 23, 1866.
Samuel A. Delameter, Co. K; must, out June 16, 1865.
C. W. Decker, Co. K; disch. by order, Feb. 23, 1866.
John W. Fowler, Co. K; must, out May 30, 1865.
Ezra M. Fish, Co. K; must, out Sept. 9, 1865.
Francis E. Hill, Co. K; must, out Aug. 29, 1865.
Oscar A. James, Co. K; must, out Nov. 15, 1864.
J. B. Jones, Co. K; must, out June 8, 1865.
Lawrenco King, Co. K; must, out Sept. 25, 1865.
William Long, Co. K; must. out July 3, 1865.
Ira G. Miller, Co. K; must . out May 30, 1865.
Barzilla S. Miller, Co. K; must, out Aug. 29, 1865.
Henry C. Petier, Co. K; must, out Nov. 26, 1864.
Edward Rhodes, Co. K; must, out June 8, 1860.
William H. Ross, Co. K; must, out Feb. 23, 1866.
Jacob H. Stark, Co. K; must, out March 16, 1865.
Alphouso Shafer, Co. K; must, out Feb. El, 1866.
Henry S. Wells, Co. K; must, out June 8, 1865.
James A. Wright, Co. K; must. out Feb. 23, 1866.
Peter Whitmore, Co. K; must, out June 14, 1865.
Andrew J. Franklin, Co. K; must, out April 18, 1866.
Milton E. Fisher; must, out Aug. 9, 1865.
Enoch Dowllng; must. out Aug. 6, 1865.
Matthew Dowling; must, out Aug. 6, 1865.
Norman B. Cole; must, out May 4, 1865.
 
THE SEVENTH AND TENTH INFANTRY.
The Jonesville Light Guard—It joins the 7th Infantry—Other Members from this County—Ball's Bluff—West Point and Fair Oaks— The Seven Days' Fight—The Battle of Antietam—Fredericksburg —Crossing the Rappahannock under Fire—The Charge up the Heights—The Great March to Gettysburg—Severe Conflict there— Spotsylvania—Cold Harbor—Fighting before Petersburg—Storming the Enemy's Works—Final Victory—Muster out—List of Officers and Soldiers—Tenth Infantry—Company K from Hillsdale County—Light Service in Tennessee—Buzzard's Roost—The Georgia Campaign—Battle of Jonesboro'—The March to the Sea— Through the Carolinas—Battle of Bentonville—List of Members.
The 7th Michigan Infantry was formed at Monroe, during the summer of 1861. One of the first companies to reach the headquarters of the regiment was the “Jonesville Light Guard," commanded by Capt. Henry Baxter. 
It had been recruited at Jonesville, but its members hailed from all the north part of Hillsdale County, including a few from outside the county limits. 
On reaching Monroe the "Light Guard" was mustered in as Company C of the 7th Infantry, and its fanciful name was thenceforth laid aside. 
The number of Hillsdale County men in Company C throughout the war was sixty-nine; in Companies A, B, F, and G, one each; in Company K, two; and in the noncommissioned staff two; total, seventy-seven.
The regiment left Monroe for Virginia on the 15th of December, 1861. Arriving there, it was stationed on the upper Potomac. 
It was one of the regiments detailed to go to Ball's Bluff on the 21st of October, under Gen. Baker, and shared the losses inflicted by the sudden and overwhelming attack of the enemy on that disastrous day.
In the spring of 1862, the 7th went with the Army of the Potomac to the Peninsula, where it was engaged in the siege of Yorktown, and afterwards in the affair at West Point on the 7th of May. 
It also took an active part in the battle of Fair Oaks on the 31st of May and 1st of June. 
When the Confederate force was massed to attack the Union right, the 7th was with the columns which were forced back through the disastrous "Seven Days' Fight';" taking part in the actions at Peach-Orchard Creek on the 29th of June, at Savage Station on the same day, at White Oak Swamp on the 30th of June, at Glendale on the same day, and finally on the 1st of July, at Malvern Hill, when victory at length perched on the Union standard, and the rebel hordes were repulsed with terrific loss.
The 7th went northward with the Army of the Potomae, and was present at the second battle of Bull Run. 
It then crossed the Potomac with McClellan, took part in the battle of South Mountain, and on the 17th of September, 1862, stood face to face with the enemy on the field of Antietam. 
Here it was engaged in one of the hottest struggles of the war, and bravely maintained itself throughout, though the victory which it achieved was purchased at the cost of a list of killed and wounded embracing more than half the men present in the action.
After Antietam, the 7th continued with the Army of the Potomac in its marches through Northern Virginia until the 11th of December, 1862, when that army stood on the north side of the Rappahannock, gazing across at the enemy's works at Fredericksburg.
During the night of the 10th the Union engineers had laid a pontoon-bridge partly across the stream, but at daylight the rebel sharpshooters soon drove them away. 
Volunteers were called for to cross the river and seize a foothold on the opposite shore. 
Lieut.-Col. Baxter, then in command, called on the 7th for that duty, and as one man they responded to the call. Foremost of all the army, they sprang into the boats and set out for the opposite shore. 
The rebel bullets fell thick and fast among them, and many were slain or wounded,—among the latter being their gallant commander,—but still they held on their way, and at length made good their landing. 
Close behind them came a Massachusetts regiment. 
The two formed on the bank, dashed up the heights above, drove the enemy from his intrenchments, and captured several hundred prisoners at the point of the bayonet. 
The pontoons were then laid across the river, and a portion of the army crossed in safety. 
The subsequent disasters which befell the forces of Gen. Burnside in that action cannot dim the glory of the brilliant exploit of Col. Henry Baxter and the 7th Michigan Infantry.
The regiment acted as provost-guard at Falmouth until the 3d of May, 1863, when it again crossed the Rappahannock to take part in the battle of Chancellorsville. 
It was not closely engaged, but the enemy's artillery fire wounded ten of the men.
During the Gettysburg campaign the 7th underwent even more than the usual hardship of that torrid and dusty period. 
On the 27th of June it marched thirty-seven miles, on the 28th six miles, and on the 29th thirty-two miles, making seventy-five miles in three days; a remarkable exploit when it is considered that every soldier carried a rifle, bayonet, cartridge-box, belts, blanket, haversack, and canteen, and that marching in column in a cloud of dust is twice as fatiguing as walking by a single individual.
On the 2d of July the 7th arrived at Gettysburg, and was immediately placed in the front of battle on Cemetery Hill. In this exposed position it remained until the close of the action on the 3d of July, meeting and repelling some of the fiercest attacks of the enemy. 
So much had the regiment been depleted by its previous conflicts that only fourteen officers-and a hundred and fifty-one men went into this fight. 
Of this small number twenty-one were killed (including the commander, Lieut.-Col. Steele) and forty-four wounded; the total of casualties being nearly half of the whole number engaged.
After taking part in the pursuit of the enemy, the 7th went to New York a short time during the enforcement of the draft, and then returned to the Army of the Potomac. 
On the 7th of December, after considerable marching and skirmishing in Northern Virginia, it went into winter quarters at Barry's Hill. 
Here, notwithstanding all its hardships and losses, a hundred and fifty-three men re-enlisted as veterans, and the regiment was sent home to Monroe on the 1st of January to recruit. 
After a thirty days' furlough it returned to Barry's Hill, where it remained until the grand advance of the army on the 3d of May.
It was lightly engaged in the Wilderness on the 5th of May, but on the succeeding day it had a severe conflict with the enemy, having eight men killed, thirty-eight wounded, and eight missing. 
On the 10th it was at Spotsylvania Court-House, where it was subjected to a severe fire from the rebel sharpshooters, and also made an assault on the enemy's works. 
The total of casualties during the day was five killed and twelve wounded. 
The next day it was again slightly engaged, and on the 12th it took part in Hancock's charge on the left of the enemy's line, eleven of the men being wounded. 
The next day there was another fight, when the 7th had three men killed and ten wounded.
Continuing, with the Army of the Potomac, the flank movements to the left which constantly brought it nearer to Richmond, the 7th passed the North Anna and Pamunkey Rivers, being frequently engaged as skirmishers, and on the 30th and 31st of May, and 1st of June, it lost six killed and had nine wounded. 
At Cold Harbor it gallantly charged the enemy's works, but the long lines of intrenchments, behind which the rebel marksmen leveled their deadly rifles in almost perfect security, proved impervious to the thinned ranks of the 7th and their comrades, and the regiment fell back with a loss of sixteen killed and wounded.
The 7th reached the lines in front of Petersburg on the 15th of June, and at once entered on the tedious picket and trench duty, fighting nearly every day, and having twenty-three killed and wounded during the first ten days. In the battles of Strawberry Plains and Flussier's Mills (August 14 and 17) it had three men killed and eleven wounded. 
It was also engaged in the battle of Reams' Station on the 25th of August.
On the 26th of October, the 7th was one of the regiments which advanced on the enemy's right, and the next day it took part in no less than three battles; those of Hatcher's Run, Burgess Tavern, and Boydton Plank-Road. In this movement the 7th, alone, captured four hundred and eighty men and twenty officers of the 26th North Carolina rebel infantry.
From the beginning of the campaign to the 1st of November, the feeble regiment, in these constant battles and skirmishes, had had forty-one men killed and one hundred and thirty-one wounded, besides thirty-six captured by the enemy, and thirty reported as "missing in action," some of whom were killed and some captured. 
And still the Herculean task of destroying the rebel army was uncompleted.
The regiment remained in front of Petersburg during the winter, sharing all the dangers and hardships of the army, but not suffering as severely in killed and wounded as during the previous six months. 
On the 2d of April, the 7th, with detachments of the 1st Minnesota and 19th Massachusetts, were ordered to attack the enemy's works at Cat-Tail Creek. 
They advanced steadily to their task, and, notwithstanding the fire from the rebels, safely ensconced behind their intrenchments, the 7th dashed boldly forward, reaching the enemy's lines the first of the Union forces, and driving out the gray-back defenders at the point of the bayonet. 
The assaulting brigade quickly captured two forts and three cannon; then forming in flank, it swept along the rebel works, capturing five other forts and about five hundred prisoners.
The regiment was less fortunate on the 7th of April,
when, after capturing many prisoners, it was cut off from the main army by a large force of rebel infantry and cavalry, and, in attempting to fight its way through, had three officers and thirty-four men taken prisoners. In the afternoon it was relieved and rejoined its brigade. 
Two days later, Lee's army surrendered, and the most serious trials of the 7th Michigan were ended.
It was sent to Louisville, Ky., and Jeffersonville, Ind., in June, very much to the disgust of the men, but was mustered out at Jeffersonville, on the 5th of July, 1865, sent immediately to Jackson, Mich., and paid off and disbanded on the 7th of that month.
 
OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS FROM HILLSDALE COUNTY.
Henry Baxter, commissioned Capt, Aug. 19, 1861; lieut.-col. May 22, 1862; wounded at Antietam; severely wounded at Fredericksburg; com. Brig. gen. March 12, 1863; wounded in the Wilderness; brevetted Maj.-gen. for gallant conduct; must, out Aug. 24, 1865. 
Sidney B. Vrooman, com. 1st lieut, June 19, 1861; enpt. May 22, 1862; wounded at Gettysburg; must, out. Oct. 5, 1864. 
William W. Wade, com 2d lieut ., June 19, 1861; res. Jan. 30, 1862. 
Gilbert Chaddock, appointed surg. Jan. 15, 1862; must, out at end of service. 
Charles A. Nimocks, com. 2d Lieut. Jan. 1, 1863; wounded at Gettysburg; com. 1st Lieut. Oct, 2, 1863; Capt. April 7, 1864; must, out Oct. 5, 1864. 
John C. Tracy, com. 1st Lieut. Oct. 2, 1863; wounded May 3, 1864; discharged on account of wounds, Sept. 6, 1864. 
Charles Oakley, com. 1st Lieut. April 3, 1864; wounded at North Anna River, May 24, 1864; died of wounds May 25, 1864. 
Lewis D. Locklin, com. 1st Lieut. Sept. 6, 1864; Capt. June 20, 1864; must, out July 5, 1865.
James B. Coates, com. 2d Lieut. May 22, 1862; died at Harper's Ferry, Va., Nov. 13, 1862.
Alonzo Smith, com. 1st Lieut. June 12, 1864; must, out July 5, 1865.
John S. Edwards, Co. C; killed at Fair Oaks, Va., May 30, 1862.
George T. Storer, Co. C; killed at Fair Oaks, Va., May 31, 1862.
Elliott Todd, Co. C; killed at Fair Oaks, Va., May 31, 1862.
J. Henry Lewis, Co. —; died at Harrison's Landing, Va., July 12, 1862.
Appleton M. Crary, Co. C; died at Ship Point, Va., May 14, 1862.
Nelson Worden, Co. C; died at Camp Benton, Nov. 7, 1862.
James Williams, Co. C; died at Camp Benton, Feb. 4, 1862.
William White. Co. C; died at Camp Benton, Nov. 7, 1862.
Delos W. Harris, Co. C; killed at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, 1862.
John M. Fitterling, Co. C; killed at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, 1862.
Alex. McGregor, Co. C; missing at Reams' Station, Va, Aug. 25, 1861.
Thomas E. Cooney, Co. C; missing at Hatcher's Run, Va., Oct. 28, 1864; returned.
Henry L. Hartshorn, Co. C; killed at Antietam, Md., Sept, 17, 1862.
Robert B. Vanslyke, Co. C; died at Washington, D. C, Nov. 29, 1862.
Byron Cusick, Co. C; died at Andersonville, Ga., June 18, 1864.
Oliver Park, Co. C; trans, to Vet, Res. Corps, March 8, 1864.
George Manning, Co. C; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps, Jan. 15, 1864.
Perry E. Babcock, Co. C; trans, to tith Mich. Cavalry.
William H. Sinclair, disch. for promotion, October, 1861.
Robert O. Sinclair, Co. C; discharged.
A. A. Foreman, Co. C; disch. for wounds, Nov. 12, 1862.
Samuel E. Gear, Co. C; disch. for disability, Nov. 29, 1862.
Christopher Myers, Co. C; disch. for wounds, Oct. 24, 1862.
Wm. N. Vanderpool, Co. C; disch. for disability, Nov. 15, 1862.
Henry O. Tucker, Co. C; disch. for wounds, Dec. 12, 1862.
Ezekiel C. Estus, Co. C; disch. by order, Aug. 8, 1863.
Sidney Barber, Co. C; disch. for disability, Feb. 27, 1863.
Joel E. Gray, Co. C; disch. for disability, Feb. 14, 1863.
William T. Brain, Co. C; disch. for disability, Feb. 6, 1863.
William I. Graves, Co. C; disch. for disability, Jan. 10, 1863.
William T. Searles, Co. C; disch. by order.
Charles Welkins, Co. C; disch. for disability, Feb. 6, 1863.
Charles St. John, Co. C; disch. for disability, March 30, 1863.
C. Berbeck, Co. C; disch. for disability, April 24, 1863.
T. H. McMillan, Co. C; disch. by order, July 16, 1863.
Leverett N. Case, Co. C; disch. at Detroit, Mich., July 1, 1862.
Arthur Cheney, Co. C; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 9, 186 .
Jacob M. Lair, Co. C; disch. at expiration of service, Aug. 26, 1864.
Orril W. Avery, Co. C; disch. at expiration of service, Aug. 22,1864.
Alex. Worden, Co. C; disch. at expiration of service, Aug. 24, 1864.
Seymour Underwood, Co. C; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Dec. 16,1863.
John Bowen, Co. C; disch. to re-eul. as veteran, Dec. 18, 1863.
John L. Rice, Co. C; disch. to re-eul. as veteran, Dec. 19, 1863.
James O. Hall, Co. C; disch. to re-eul. as veteran, Dec. 16, 1863.
Byron C. Ellis, N. C. S.; must, out July 5, 1865.
William A. Herring, band; must, out July 5, 1865.
Jacob W. Snyder, Co. A, must, out July 5, 1865.
William N. Dunn, Co. B; must, out July 5, 1865.
John R. Randall, Co. C; disch. for promotion in 18th Inf. July 27,1862.
Clark R. Warren, Co. C; must, out July 5, 1865.
Clark W. Blair, Co. C; disch. for disability, July 18, 1862.
Philip Fox, Co. C; disch. for disability, Sept 28, 1862.
John B. Fullerton, Co. C: disch. for disability, Feb. 27, 1863.
Joseph W. Fullerton, Co. C; disch. for disability, Feb. 28, 1863.
Wm. F. Nelson, Co. C; must, out July 6, 1865.
James H. Warring, Co. C; wounded at Fair Oaks; disch. Nov. 20, 1862; re-enl. In 46th N. Y. Inf. Aug. 14, 1864; in battles of Hatcher's Run, Peebles' Farm, and Petersburg; must, out June 26, 1865. 
James Gibson, Co. C; disch. 
Robert Gibson, Co. C; must, out July 5, 1865. 
Robert D. Glasgow, Co. C; disch. Dec. 19, 1862. 
George O. Nimoeks, Co. C; disch. by order May 6, 1865. 
Thomas Caldwell, Co. F; must, out July 6, 1865. 
Thomas A. Cooney, Co. G; must, out July 5, 1865. 
Walter Nichols, Co. K; disch. for disability March 1, 1865. 
John Spillane, Co. K; must, out July 5, 1865. 
 
TENTH INFANTRY. 
The 10th Michigan Infantry was raised in the fall of 1861 and winter of 1862, its headquarters being at Flint, Genesee County. 
Company K was principally recruited in Hillsdale County, sixty-eight of those who served in it during the war being from that county. 
No other company was represented by Hillsdale County men, but Christopher J. Dickerson, of Hillsdale, was lieutenant-colonel of the regiment.
The 10th left Flint on the 22d of .April, 1862, and joined the Southwestern Army. 
It took part in the siege of Corinth and in several skirmishes, but escaped any general engagement during that year. 
In the fall it was transferred to Middle Tennessee, and remained there over a year, engaged in the necessary but not very exciting duty of guarding trains, watching guerrillas, etc.
In November, 1863, the regiment started for Knoxville, in East Tennessee, but was suddenly sent back to Columbus, Ky., on the Mississippi River, and again as suddenly ordered to Chattanooga, which it reached on the 19th of December. 
On the 25th of February, 1864, the 10th took an active part in the severe battle of Buzzard's Roost, near Dalton, Ga., having thirteen men killed, thirty-six wounded, and seventeen missing. 
Lieut.-Col. Dickerson, who was in command of the regiment, was wounded and taken prisoner. 
Soon afterwards, three hundred and ninety-five of the men re-enlisted, as veterans, and, after a furlough at home, the regiment returned, in May, 1864, to take part in Gen. Sherman's Georgia campaign.
On the 17th of May it arrived in front of Rome, and the next day participated in its capture. 
At the battle of Kennesaw Mountain, on the 19th of June, the 10th was in the reserve. 
Pursuing its course, and sharing the toils and dangers of the army, it came into position in front of Atlanta on the 22d of July, and remained there during the rest of that month and the whole of August.
On the 1st of September the 10th bore a gallant part in the battle of Jonesboro', having thirty men killed (including Maj. Burnett, the commander) and forty-seven wounded. 
On the 8th of September its trials were rewarded by its entrance into captured Atlanta. 
On the 28th it returned to Chattanooga, and operated in that vicinity and in Northern Georgia until the 1st of November. 
It then returned to Atlanta, destroying bridges and railroads the whole distance, thus guarding Sherman's army from assault in the rear while it should make its contemplated “March to the Sea."
The 10th accompanied the army on this celebrated expedition, setting out from Atlanta on the 26th of November, 1864. 
The movement was mostly a holiday trip, but on the 31st of November three companies of the 10th, while on picket at Louisville, Georgia, were attacked by a large force of rebel cavalry. 
After a sharp fight the enemy was completely repulsed, leaving his killed and wounded on the field.
After reaching Savannah the regiment remained there until the 20th of January, 1865, when it moved with Sherman's army through the Carolinas. 
It was slightly engaged with the enemy near Fayetteville and Averysboro', N. C, from the 11th to the 16th of March. 
During the night of the 18th, the 10th, which was intrusted with the defense of the position at the junction of the Smithfield and Goldsboro' roads, was vigorously attacked, but succeeded in repulsing the enemy.
At the battle of Bentonville, on the 19th of March, the 1st Brigade, 2d Division, 14th Corps, was disposed in two lines, the 10th Michigan being in the second. 
The first line was charged by the enemy, but repulsed them, and in a counter-charge captured a large number of prisoners. 
The 10th, with the rest of the brigade, then moved forward to the first line, but in a few moments the rebels, having broken through the 1st Division, were discovered in the left flank and rear. 
The Union line was at once placed on the other side of its works. 
The enemy advanced rapidly, but the 10th and its comrade regiments poured a deadly volley into his ranks, and then charged with the bayonet, driving the foe in confusion from the field, and capturing a considerable number of prisoners. 
The regiment skirmished some the next day, which was its last service under fire.
It then proceeded to Richmond and Washington, participating in the grand review of Sherman's army in the latter city, on the 27th of May. 
On the 13th of June it was sent to Louisville, Ky., where it was mustered out of service on the 19th of July. 
On the 1st of August it was paid off and disbanded at Jackson, Michigan.
 
OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS FROM HILLSDALE COUNTY.
Christopher J. Dickerson, commissioned Lieut.-Col. Nov. 26,1861; wounded and captured at Buzzard's Roost, Ga., Feb. 25, 1864; com. Col. 6th Inf., Nov. 12,1864; app. brevet brig.-gen. of vols., March 13, 1865.
Ethel Judd, com. Capt. Oct. 1, 1861; res. July, 1862.
John T. Storer, com. 1st Lieut. Oct. 1, 1861; res. June 21, 1862.
Avery A. Smith, com. 2d Lieut. June 23,1862; 1st lieut., March 31,1863; res. Nov. 8, 1884.
George H. Sherman, com. 1st Lieut. Feb. 24,1865; must, out July 19, 1865. 
John Cronk, Co. K; died June 3,1862. 
Horace F. Crosby, Co. K; died at Camp Fartnington, May 3, 1862. 
Alexander Robb, Co. K; died at Camp Thompson, Mich. 
Norman Doolittle, Co. K; died at Camp Dennison, Ohio, July 12, 1862. 
Alonzo Wood, Co. K; died at Camp Dennison, Ohio, July 12, 1862. 
Homer Northrup, Co. K; died at Keoknk, Iowa, Aug. 18,1862. 
James Fuller, Co. K; died at Keoknk, Iowa, Aug. 18, 1862. 
Alexander Williams, Co. K; died. 
Emory C. Yost, Co. K; died. 
Wm. Russell, Co. K; died at Evansville, Ind., Sept. 9, 1862. 
John McGuiggan, Co. K; died at Stevenson, Ala., Oct. 6, 1863. 
Samuel Fuller, Co. K; died at Nashville, Tenn., March 18, 1863. 
Nelson Judd, Co. K; died at Keoknk, Iowa, Nov. 4, 1862. 
John Van Deger, Co. K; killed near Dalton, Ga., Feb. 25, 1864. 
Adriel Gibson, Co. K; killed at Jonesboro", Ga., Sept. 1, 1864. 
Thos. Russell, Co. K; killed at Jonesboro', Ga., Sept. 1, 1864. 
Joseph Wolfe, Co. K; killed at Buzzard's Roost, Ga., Feb. 25, 1864. 
Warren Merritt, Co. K; disch. for disability, July 29, 1862. 
Thomas Dean, Co. K; disch. for disability, July 29, 1862. 
Paul Fifield, Co. K; disch. for disability, Oct. 8, 1862. 
Lothario Chase, Co. K; disch. for disability. 
Engene Cronk, Co. K; disch. for disability. 
James Fifield, Co. K; disch. for disability.
Ampton Otto, Co. K; disch. for disability, July 25, 1862.
Charles H. Spencer, Co. K; disch. for disability, Sept. 30, 1862.
Peter West, Co. K; disch. to enl. in marine service.
Jacob U. Squier, Co. K; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps, April 16, 1864.
John E. Cleveland, Co. K; diich. for minority, May 15, 1863.
Frederick J. Baker, Co, K; discb. to re-enl, as veteran, Fob. 6, 1864.
Jasper Bryan, Co. K; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Feb. 6, 1861.
Christian Howold, Jr., Co. K; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Feb. 6, 1864.
Giles P. Mesick, Co. K; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Feb. 6, 1864.
John C. Ollin, Co. K; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Feb. 6, 1864.
George Rose, Co. K; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Feb. 6, 1864.
Gideon H. Sherman, Co. K; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Feb. 6, 1864.
Philip B. Spencer, Co. K; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Feb. 6, 1864.
John Vandusen, Co. K; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Feb. 6, 1864.
Willard F. Lamb, Co. K; disch. July 8, 1862,
Frederick S. Baker, Co. K; must, out July 19, 1865.
Samuel Sanform, Co. K; disch. at expiration of service, Feb. 6, 1865.
Marshall Burtlett, Co. K; disch. at expiration of service, Feb. 6, 1865.
Albert Bates, Co. K; disch. at expiration of service, Feb. 6, 1865.
Sheldon W. Curtis, Co. K; disch. by order, May 16, 1863.
Thomas Faulkner, Co. K; must, out July 19, 1865,
Charles Goodrich, Co. K; must, out July 19, 1865.
Eben M. Lewis, Co. K; must, out July 19, 1865.
William Otto, Co. K; disch. for disability.
Valentino Riggs, Co. K; must, out July 19, 1865.
Benjamin F. Vreeland, Co. K; must, out July 19, 1865.
Wayne Vosburg, Co. K; must, out July 1!*, 1865.
George Young, Co. K; must, out July 19, 1865.
Emery Yost, Co. K; must, out July 19, 1865.
George G. Spencer, Co. K; must, out July 19, 1865.
Peter Ackerman, Co. K; disch. by order, June, 1865.
Abram Stall, Co. K; disch. at expiration of service, Feb. 6, 1865.
George Salmon, Co. K; disch. at expiration of service, Feb. 6, 1865.
 
THE ELEVENTH INFANTRY.
Hillsdale County Represented in Five Companies—Its First Battle— Gallant Conduct—Triumphant Charge through Stone River—In Thomas' Command at Chickamauga—The Grand Assault at Mission Ridge—The Georgia Campaign—The Old Regiment Mustered Out—Reorganization—Services of the New Regiment—List of Officers and Soldiers in both Organizations.
The 11th Michigan Infantry was raised in the summer and autumn of 1861, in St. Joseph, Branch, Hillsdale, and other counties of Southern Michigan; its headquarters being at White Pigeon, in St. Joseph County. 
Hillsdale County was represented in no less than five companies, but in all by comparatively small detachments. 
The number serving during the war, in the respective companies in the first organization, was as follows: Twenty-four in B company; seven in C; thirty-eight in D; eleven in G; eleven in K; total, ninety-one. 
In the new organization the members were four in Company A; one in B; four in C; one in D; eleven in E; one in F ; six in H; thirty-one in I; and three in K; total, sixty-two. 
Total in both organizations, one hundred and fifty-three.
The regiment moved from White Pigeon, on the 9th of December, 1861, to Bardstown, Ky. 
It remained in that State, and near Nashville, Tenn., until the advance of Gen. Rosecrans' army in December, 1862. 
Though not engaged in battle during this time it suffered very severely from sickness; no less than one hundred and eighteen men having died previous to the 1st of November, and one hundred and twenty-seven discharged on account of disability.
The first fighting of the 11th was at the battle of Stone River, on the 31st of December, 1862, and the 1st and 2d of January, 1863, and a most severe "baptism of fire" it was. 
On the morning of the 31st the enemy approached the position of the regiment from the right front. 
Skirmishers were thrown out, and the 11th steadily awaited the assault of the foe. 
Just as the men were bracing themselves for the expected attack a heavy fire of musketry and artillery showed that the principal advance of the rebels was on the left rear. 
The regiment immediately changed front under a heavy fire, and advanced in line of battle to the crest of a hill, from which a Union battery had recently been driven.
Here the heavy columns of the enemy were seen advancing, while a large part of his artillery appeared to be aimed at this point, and with terrible effect. 
Undismayed by the bullets and cannon-balls which riddled its ranks, and before which officers and men fell on every side, the 11th poured in a steady fire with severe effect on the advancing grays. 
This fire was kept up until the general in command, seeing that the enemy's fire was concentrated on that locality, sent orders to the 11th to retire.
It fell back about fifteen rods, faced about, fired on the rebels as they camc over the hill, and then again retreated to the cover of a wood a short distance in the rear. 
Many other regiments were also there, and some confusion was temporarily manifested. 
Order, however, was promptly restored, and the 11th, with other regiments, moved slowly to the rear, keeping up a constant fire. 
At one point the regiment halted, and held the enemy in check nearly half an hour. 
A little later, in obedience to orders, they rallied on the colors, and made a sudden charge back with the bayonet, stopping the course of the startled foe, until, again in obedience to orders, they once more fell back to the Murfreesboro' Pike, which was steadily held by the Union troops.
During the 1st of January the 11th was not called on for active service, but in the afternoon of the 2d it performed one of the most brilliant feats of the war. 
It was at that time lying down as a reserve in rear of the Union batteries, on the right part of the left wing of Gen. Rosecrans' army. 
Between three and four o'clock, the rebels on the other side of Stone River made a heavy attack on the Union front. 
At the end of half an hour they succeeded in forcing back the Union troops, one regiment being driven in great disorder across the river and through the ranks of the 11th.
As soon as the enemy came within range, the 11th, with the rest of the brigade, rose up, fired our volley, and then charged at full speed, under a storm of bullets, across the river. 
It was the first regiment on the farther bank,—a fact which caused it to be publicly complimented by Gen. Negley after the battle. 
Its disordered ranks were speedily reformed, and volley after volley was poured into the rebel lines, until the graybacks were glad to flee to their intrenchments in the rear, leaving four pieces of artillery as the prize of the victors. 
The 11th and other regiments then formed line of battle, threw out skirmishers, and held the position until recalled by order across the river.
This brilliant charge had a most depressing effect upon the enemy, and was one of the principal causes of his retiring that night from the field, leaving the victory to the Union forces.
Col. Stoughton, from whose official report the above account is taken, spoke in the highest terms of the conduct of his troops. 
"They fought," said he,” with the bravery and coolness of veterans, and obeyed my commands under the hottest fire with the precision of the parade-ground."
The total loss of the 11th in the three days' fight known as the battle of Stone River was thirty-two killed, seventy-nine wounded, and twenty-nine missing.
After the retreat of the Confederate army, the regiment was detailed as provost-guard at Murfreesboro', remaining there until the advance made in June, 1863. 
On the 1st of July it was engaged in a skirmish at Elk River, and soon after went into camp at Decherd, Tenn., where it remained until the 1st of September. 
It then advanced with Rosecrans' army to the vicinity of Chattanooga. 
At the battle of Chickamauga, on the 19th and 20th of September, the 11th was in the 2d Brigade, 2d Division of the 11th Corps, in the command of the inflexible Thomas. 
On the last day of the battle, when the hosts which had routed the other two grand divisions came down upon the devoted columns of Thomas, the 11th was in the thickest of the tight, and did its full share in the heroic task of repelling this overwhelming force. 
It held one of the most important points in Thomas' line, successfully meeting numerous charges of the enemy, who came on flushed with former triumphs, but was compelled to stay his course by the hardy sons of Southern Michigan. 
The next day the 11th was one of the regiments which covered the retreat of the army to Chattanooga. 
Its casualties in the battle numbered eighty-three -killed and wounded and twenty-three missing.
Equal gallantry was manifested by the 11th at the battle of Mission Ridge, one of the great decisive conflicts of the war; and that time the men had the pleasure of seeing that their efforts were completely successful, resulting in one of the most brilliant victories of the war. 
Far above the Union army, then commanded by Gen. Grant, were the Confederate forces of Gen. Bragg on the towering heights of Mission Ridge, their position, apparently almost impregnable by nature, being strengthened by long lines of intrenchments, with numerous redoubts, which seemed able to defy every attempt which could be made by the most desperate enemy.
No military achievement equal to the conquest of those lines had been accomplished in America since the army of Wolfe surmounted the rock-ribbed heights of Abraham, and vanquished the legions of Montcalm before the walls of Quebec. 
But Wolfe made his way to the top of the heights by means of a night-surprise, while at Mission Ridge the two armies were too large for that, and the Union forces were drawn out in broad day, with all the Confederate host as interested spectators. 
Yet when the order was given, the long blue lines advanced steadily up the embattled steeps, sometimes climbing by means of bushes, and firing, as they went, at the enemy (who from his vantage-ground sent thousands of bullets through their devoted ranks), pressing on without a thought of retreat, and finally driving the foe in utter confusion from all his rifle-pits, intrenchments, and redoubts, capturing thousands of prisoners and scores of cannon, and seizing the key-position of Georgia and the Southeast.
The 11th Michigan was one of the most active and valiaut regiments in the great charge, and was one of the very first to reach the enemy's works. 
It had thirty-nine men killed and wounded, including among the former its gallant commander, Maj. Bennett.
The 11th hastened in pursuit of the flying foe, and at Graysville it charged their rear, aiding in the capture of a whole battery of artillery, with the equipments complete.
It was then stationed at Rossville, Graysville, and vicinity until the 7th of May, when it entered on Gen. Sherman's Georgia campaign. 
It was frequently engaged in skirmishing and under heavy artillery fire, and on the 4th of July participated in a successful charge on the intrenchments near Marietta, having thirteen men killed and wounded. 
At Peach-Tree Creek, on the 20th of July, it lost eleven killed and wounded, and at the battle in front of Atlanta, on the 7th of August, it had fifteen men killed and fifteen wounded.
The regiment's term of service having now expired, it returned to Michigan, leaving behind a hundred and fifty-two veterans and recruits with unexpired terms. 
It was mustered out at Sturgis on the 30th of September, 1864.
 
ELEVENTH INFANTRY REORGANIZED.
It was determined, however, not to lose the name and prestige of a regiment which had won such renown, and, even before its muster out, orders were issued by the Governor for its reorganization. 
This was not accomplished until the 18lh of March, 1865, when the new 4th was concentrated at Jackson. 
As before stated, it had sixty-two members from Hillsdale County.
About the 1st of April it proceeded to Chattanooga where it was joined by the veterans and others who had been left behind on the return of the old regiment By this time the fighting in the West was over, but the regiment was retained in Tennessee until the middle of September, mostly engaged in guarding railroads, etc., in the eastern part of that State. 
It was paid off and disbanded at Jackson, Mich., on the 23d of September, 1865.
 
OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS FROM HILLSDALE COUNTY.
Arvin T. Whelan, app. asst. surg. Nov. 12, 1861; res. Oct. 13, 1862: app. surg. 1st Sharpshooters, Jan. 1, 1863; brevetted Lieut.-Col. March 13, 1865; must, out Jan. 28, 1865. 
Chauncey E. Koon, com. 2d Lieut , Nov. 26,1862; 1st Lieut. Jan. 7, 1863; Capt. June 17, 1864; must, out at end of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
William G. Whitney, com. 2d Lieut. Jan. 7, 1861; wounded at Chickamauga; 1st Lieut. June 17, 1864; Capt. March 1, 1865; must, out Sept. 10, 1865. 
John Bosenbark, com. Capt. March 1, 1865; res. May 31, 1865. 
Justus Witherell, com. 1st Lieut. March 1, 1865; Capt. May 31, 1865 . must. out Sept. 16, 1865.
Charles D. Pierce, com. 1st Lieut. May 31, 1865: must, out Sept. 16, 1865.
Silas M. Kelly, Co. G; killed at Stone River, Dec. 31, 1862.
Bennett Smetts, Co. C; killed at Stone River, Dec. 31, 1862.
Stephen Bradshaw, Co. B; died at Bardstown, Ky., Jan. 28, 1862.
Richard E. Stone, Co. B; died at Bardstown, Ky., March 18, 1862.
Edward Sherman, Co. B; died at Bardstown, Ky., March 17, 1862.
Andrew J. M. Wood, Co. C; died Jan. 24, 1862.
Benjamin F. Cay, Co. F; died Feb. 4, 1862.
Joseph W. Fearnley, Co. F; died April 6, 1862.
John Masters, Co. F; died May 28, 1862.
Elias Sloan, Co. F; died Feb. 16, 1862.
John W. Wisner, Co. F; died April 15, 1862.
Pelatiah Hyde, Co. C; died Jan. 8, 186;.
Daniel Hure, Co. l1; died Jan. 8, 1862.
Cyrus Sherman, Co. C; missing at Stone River, Tenn., Dec. 31, 1862; returned. 
N. Myron Comstock, Co F; missing at Stone River, Tenn., Dec. 31, 1862. 
Wm. Spafford, Co. F; missing at Stone River, Tenn., Dec. 31, 1862. 
Stillman Hodges, Co. H; cap. at Stone River; paroled; died before exchange.
A. J. Silverwood, Co. B; died Jan. 2, 1863, of wounds received at Stone River.
Joseph Miller, Co. K; died Jan. 2, 1863, of wounds received at Stone River.
James W. Seelay, Co. K; died of wounds, March 16, 1863, at Nashville, Tenn.
George C. Barnes, Co. F; died at Nashville, Tenn.
John Dttffey, Co. G; died at Nashville, Tenn., March 9, 1863.
Horace Weaver, Co. F; missing at Chickamauga, Tenn., Sept. 29, 1863.
Isaac C. Mosher, Co. B; died at Danville, Va., of wounds rec'd at Chickamauga.
James Pierce, Co. B; died In service.
Thomas Pixley, Co. F; killed Dear Dallas, Ga., May 31, 1864. 
David Sloan, Co. F; died Dec. 22, 1863, of wounds, at Chattanooga, Tenn. 
George Slayton, Co. B; disch, to enl. in regulars, Nov. 25, 1862. 
Charles Hull, Co. F; downed In Sequatchie Creek, Nov. 23, 1863. 
John Metcalf, Co. F ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps, April 16, 1864. 
John Vance, Co. F; died Jan. 18, 1863, at Murfreesboro', Tenn. 
William Coplin, Co. B; trans, to l&th Mich. Inf., Sept. 26, 1861. 
Charles B. Raynor, Co. B; disch. for disability, June 4, 1862. 
John Russell, Co. B; disch. for disability, Oct , 16, 1862. 
Charles Sylvester, Co. B; disch. for disability, Oct. 11,1862. 
Enoch H. Goodrich, Co. F; disch. for disability, June 7, 1862. 
George Baker, Co. F; disch, for disability, Oct. 21, 1861. 
Simon Kelly, Co. F; dfech. for disability, April 26, 1862. 
Orville Palmer, Co. V; disch. for disability, Oct. 26, 1861. 
David W. Stroud, Co. F; disch. for disability, March 17, 1862. 
Eugene Worden, Co. F; disch. for disability, July 6, 1862. 
David Warren, Co. F; dixch. for disability, March 17, 1862. 
Clement Tubbs, Co. F; disch. for disability, Aug. 9, 1862. 
Milo Scovill, Co. F; disch. for disability, Aug. 27, 1862. 
Phillips Abel, Co G; disch. for disability, Feb. 23, 1862. 
Franklin Bobbitt, Co. G; disch. for disability, Feb. 24, 1862. 
Lewis Britton, Co. G; disch. for disability, Feb. 13, 1862. 
William K. Leonard, Co. G; disch. for disability. 
William Rogers, Co. K; disch. for disability, June 3, 1862. 
Lewis H. Storer, Co. K; disch. for disability, July 11, 1862. 
Henry Palmeter, Co. K; disch. for disability, Dec. 3, 1862. 
Warren Clemens, Co. B; disch. for disability, Feb. 1, 1863. 
John Caldwell, Co. B; disch, for disability, May 23, 1863. 
Charles Wilson, Co F; disch. for disability, April 29, 1863. 
Thomas E. A. Cooney, Co. K; disch. for disability, Feb. 18, 1863. 
Albert Palmeter, Co. K; disch. for disability, March 1, 1863. 
James Fields, Co. B; trans, to U. S. Engineers, July 20, 1864. 
Orrin J. Ford, Co. B; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
Randall C. West, Co. B; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
Oscar W, Avery, Co. B; wounded in service; disch. at exp. of serv., Sept. 30, 1864. 
Dillisun S. Avery, Co. B; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
Halley M. Mills, Co. B; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
Bradley Mosher, Co. B; wounded at Stone River; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
James S. Raynor, Co. B; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
William Spencer, Co. B; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
O. J. Ford, sergt. 
Henry V. Whitehead, Co. B; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
Clark Marsh, 1st sergt.; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
Horace Weaver, Co. F; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
George W. Whitney; disi h. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1861. 
Myron M. Comstock, Co. F; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
John M. Rhodes, Co. F; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
William C. Clark, Co. F; dtech. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
John Jubinville, Co. F; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
William B. Moon, Co. F; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
Samuel A. Oldfield, Co. F; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
Marion Perry, Co. F; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
John O. Taylor, Co. F; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
Alexander Weaver, Co. F; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
Reubcn Wilson, Co. F; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
Samuel German, Co. G; disch. for disability, July 26, 1864. 
June's Crocker, Co. G; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
James Quilhot, Co. G; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
Wray T. Thorn, Co. G; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
William C. Johnson, Co. K; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
Carlos B. Johnson, Co. K; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
William H. Marrell, Co. K; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
Walter Myers, Co. K; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
Peter Seeley, Co. K; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
James Fields, Co. B; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Jan. 30, 1864, 
Stephen Canor, Co. C; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, March 24, 1864. 
Watts Sherman, Co. C; disch to re-enl. as veteran, Feb. 27, 1864. 
Samuel German, Co. G; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Jan. 30, 1864. 
Samuel H. Fellows, Co. B; disch. for disability, April 26, 1863. 
Cyrus Sherman, Co. C; disch. at expiration of service, Dec. 9, 1864. 
Stephen A. Caner, Co. C; disch. Sept. 26, 1865. 
Urbane Hart, Co. D; disch. by order, May 29, 1865. 
Thomas C. Fllson, Co. F; disch. at expiration of service, Sept. 30, 1864. 
James Thorp, Co. F; disch. for disability. 
James Long, Co. K; disch. by order, June 16, 1865. 
Morris Slayton, Co. B; died at Bardstown, Ky.. April 19, 1862. 
Cornelius H. Van Schaik, Co. F; died at Bardstown, Ky., Feb. 28, 1862. 
 
ELEVENTH INFANTRY, Reorganizen. 
Byron D. Foster, Co. C; died at Chattanooga, Tenn., May 31, 1865. 
Leroy Geer, Co. E; died at Chattanooga, Tenn., May 6, 1865. 
Charles Martin, Co. E; dial at Nashville, Tenn., April 2, 1865. 
Frank Jennings, Co. I; died at Chattanooga, Tenn., April 14, 1865. 
Joseph Whaley, Co. I; died at Chattanooga, Tenn., April 19, 1865. 
Ed. A. Bassett, Co. A; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
James D. Beyer, Co. A; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
Melvin Mosher, Co. A; must, out Sept. 16, 1865, 
Edwin M. Wilson, Co. A; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
W. Whitney, Co. B; must, out 8ept , 16, 1865. 
Alfred Bush, Co. C; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
Winfield S. Mapes, Co. C; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
George Rush, Co. C; must, out Sept, 16, 1865. 
Crbane Hart, Co. D; disch. by order, June 16, 1865. 
Allen Anderson, Co. E; must. out. Sept. 16, 1865. 
Edward E. Clapp, Co. E; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
John Coleman, Co. E; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
John P. Johnson, Co. E; must, out Sept. 30, 1865. 
William Maybee, Co. E; must, out May 6, 1865. 
Frank W May, Co. E; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
Freeman Pettis, Co. E; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
Edwin B. Sheldon, Co. E; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
James S. Whitney, Co. E; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
Albert H. Mendel, Co. F; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
Horatio M. Townsend, Co. H; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
Joseph T. Bolger, Co. H; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
Adoniram J. Burroughs, Co. H; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
George M. Cooper, Co. H; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
George Pratt, Co. H; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
Levi Warrens, Co. H; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
Hiram S. Ames, Co. I; must. Out Sept. 16, 1865. 
Lewis Baler, Co. I; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
William Barnard, Co. I: must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
Benjamin Candee, Co. I; must, out Sept. 16. 1865. 
James E. Case, Co. I; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
George A. Converse, Co. I; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
William Cook, Co. I; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
Warren H. Green, Co. I; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
John Gordon, Co. I; must. out Sept. 16,1865. 
Charles H. Laper, Co. I; must, out Aug. 15, 1865. 
Freeman W. Lindsley, Co. I; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
Charles H. Lindsley, Co. I; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
Sanford Miller, Co. I; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
Sumner Manning, Co. I; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
Francis M. Rustine, Co. I; must, out Sept. 30, 1865. 
Byron Rustine, Co. I; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
Peter Silvernail I, Co. I; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
Jacob E. Smith, Co. I; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
Francis Squier, Co. I; must, out Sept. 16, 1865. 
Orlando Shark, Co. I; must, out Sept. 16, 1865.
Emerson S. Trumbull, Co. I; must, out Sept. 16, 1865.
Solomon B. Trumbull, Co. I; must, out Sept. 16, 1865.
William E. Williams, Co. I; must, out Sept. 16, 1865.
Allen E. Worden, Co. I; must, out Sept. 6, 1865.
John H. Wells, Co. I; must, out Sept. 16, 1865.
Charles W. White, Co. I; must, out Sept. 16, 1865.
Alanson Wales, Co. I; must, out Sept. 16, 1865.
Christ Young, Co. I; must. out Aug. 30, 1865.
Cyrus J. Dewey, Co. I; must, out Sept. 16, 1865.
John Roberts, Co. K; must, out Sept. 16, 1865.
James Wilkinson, Co. K; must, out Sept. 16, 1865.
Franklin Van Schaik, Co. K; must, out Sept. 16, 1865.
 
THE FIFTEENTH AND SIXTEENTH INFANTRY.
A Scattering Representation—From Parade-Ground to Battle-Field —The 10th at Pittsburg Landing—Battle of Corinth—Siege and Capture of Vicksburg—Victories in Georgia—The March to the Sea—Through the Carolinas—Ordered to Arkansas—Brought Home and Disbanded—List of Officers and Soldiers—A Scant 1'elegation in the 16th—That Regiment in the Seven Days' Fight—Heavy Loss at Gaines' Mill—Second Battle of Bull Run—Gettysburg— Sharp Fight in the Wilderness—Subsequent Conflicts—Storming the Works at Poplar Grove Church—Hatcher's Run—The Final Struggles—The Muster-Out— List of Members.
The 15th Infantry, raised under Col. J. M. Oliver at Monroe, was not able to leave that place for the front until the 27th day of March, 1862. 
The Hillsdale County soldiers who served in its ranks during the war numbered four in Company A, six in B, three in C, one in D, four in E, twelve in F, two in G, three in H, five in I, and ten in K, making just fifty men in the ten companies of the regiment. 
We believe this was the only regiment in the service in which every company embraced Hillsdale men, yet, as has been seen, the representation was exceedingly sparse.
The 15th was transferred almost instantaneously from the peaceful parade-ground at Monroe to the storm of battle at Pittsburg Landing. 
It arrived the evening of the 5th of April, 1862. 
The next day the battle opened, and the 15th was hurried to the front, taking an active and gallant part, and having thirty-three officers and men killed and sixty-four wounded, while seven were reported missing.
The regiment served through the siege of Corinth, and was on duty in the vicinity until that place was attacked by the rebel generals, Price and Van Dorn, on the 1st and 2d of October, 1862. 
It was then on outpost duty, ten miles northwest of Corinth, and was assailed by the whole rebel force. 
It fell back, contesting the ground inch by inch, and with some other regiments held the enemy in check during the whole of that day, giving ample time for Gen. Rosecrans to prepare for the next day's conflict, in which he won a complete victory over the rebel army. 
The casualties of the 15th were thirteen killed, thirty-two wounded, and five missing.
The regiment served in Northern Mississippi until June, 1863, when it was ordered to Vicksburg. 
Having been assigned to the 9th Corps, it took part in the siege of that city, sharing the hardships and dangers, which were at length rewarded by the surrender of the place, with the grand army of Gen. Pemberton, on the ever-memorable Fourth of July, 1863. 
The 15th remained in Central Mississippi during the summer, and in October was sent with the 5th Corps to reinforce the Army of the Cumberland. 
It was stationed in Northern Alabama until February, 1864, when a portion of the men re-enlisted, and the regiment was sent home on veteran furlough, returning, to take part in Gen. Sherman's Georgia campaign, in May.
After unnumbered wearisome marches and many skirmishes, the 15th found itself in the 5th Corps, in front of the enemy, near Decatur, Ga. 
The rebels drove back the 17th Corps, which was on the left of the 5th. 
The 15th Michigan was ordered to take possession of an exposed position some distance from the line of its corps. 
On the regiment's arriving near the point indicated, it was found to be in possession of the enemy. 
The men of Michigan did not hesitate, but moved gallantly forward, and after a brief but sharp conflict captured the position, with seventeen rebel officers, a hundred and sixty-seven men, and three stands of colors. 
The loss of the 15th was only four killed and six wounded.
On the 28th of July the regiment won another victory over an assailing force of the enemy, which was driven off with heavy loss, leaving its dead and wounded on the field. 
Still another triumph was gained near Jonesboro' on the 31st of August, when the enemy attacked the fortified camp of the 15th, and was most decisively defeated.
After the surrender of Atlanta, the regiment went to Northern Alabama to operate against the rebel general, Hood, but returned in time to "march to the sea" with Sherman. 
It also marched through the Carolinas with that general; went from Washington to Little Rock, Ark., in June and July, 1865; returned to Detroit in August, and was discharged on the 1st of September.
 
OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS FROM HILLSDALE COUNTY.
Franklin B. Case, Jr., commissioned 2d Lieut. Oct. 29,1862; 1st Lieut., Aug. 13, 1863; Capt., March 30, 1865; must, out Aug. 13, 1865. 
Daniel D. Case, com. 2d Lieut. Feb. 1, 1863; 1st Lieut., June 6, 1865; must, out Aug. 13, 1865.
James C. Kellogg, com. 1st Lieut. March 30, 1865; must, out Aug. 13, 1865. 
Charles E. K. Baxter, com. 1st Lieut. March 30, 1865; must, out Aug. 13, 1865. 
John W. Hughes, Co. F; died July 3, 1862. 
Charles Hughes, Co. F; died May 3, 1862. 
Eugene Godfrey, Co. K; killed at Jonesboro', lia., Sept. 1, 1864.
George Hewitt, Co. K; killed at Rome, Ga., July 28, 1865.
Royal Wlllson, Co. F; disch. for disability, March 26, 1862.
Jeremiah Harris, Co. I; disch. for disability, June 12, 1862.
James Hughes, Co. F; disch for disability, July 17, 1862.
Chauncey Tupper, Co. F; disch. for disability, July 16, 1862.
Reuben Wilson, Co. F; disch. for disability, Sept. 2,1862.
Cyrus Lawrence, Co. A; disch. by order, May 30,1865.
Frederick Just, Co. A; must, out Aug. 13, 1865.
Walter B. Harrison, Co. A; must, out Aug. 13, 1865.
Edward G. Latham, Co. A; must, out Aug. 13, 1865.
Anthony Cooley. Co. B; must, out Aug. 13, 1865.
Calvin Weldin, Co. B; must, out Aug. 13, 1865.
John Patton, Co. B; disch. by order, June 29, 1865.
Chauncey A. Perham, Co. B; must, out Aug. 13, 1865.
John V. Robbins, Co. H; must, out Aug. 13, 1865.
Stephen Old, Co. C: disch. by order, May 30, 1865.
Volney White, Co. C; disch. by order, July 19, 1865.
George Weaver, Co. C; disch. by order. May 30, 1865.
Henry Fash, Co. D; must, out Aug. 13, 1865.
Alonzo Noyes, Co. E; must, out Aug. 13, 1865.
Charles La Carge, Co. E; disch. by order, July 17, 1865.
James McGreery, Co. E; must, out Aug. 13. 1865.
Richard Martin, Co. E; must, out Aug. 11, 1865.
Thomas R. Gallagher, Co. F; disch. for disability, July 16, 1862.
James B. Hughes, Co. F; disch. at expiration of service, Jan. 29, 1865.
Henry Upthegrove, Co. F; disch. by order, Sept. 12, 1865.
Sibley P. Wilder, Co. F; disch. f.ir disability, May 6, 1862.
Horace Cory, Co. F; must, out Aug. 13, 1865.
James Silver, Co. F; must, out Aug. 13, 1865.
Charles F. Butlor, Co. G; must, out Aug. 13, 1865.
John Spoor, Co. G; must. out Aug. 13, 1865.
Almon Cary, Co. H; must, out Aug. 13, 1865.
Henry Coy, Co. H; must, out Aug. 13, 1865.
.Joel B. Myers, Co. H; must, out July 19, 1865.
John Crelley, Jr., Co. I; must, out Aug. 13, 1865.
William Lake, Co. I; must, out Aug. 13, 1865.
Herman Terril, Co. I; must, out Aug. 11, 1865.
George Mackay, Co. I; must, out Aug. 13, l865.
John C. Cooley, Co. K; must, out Aug. 13, 1865.
George Sevick, Co. K; disch. by order, Aug. 1865.
John W. Resdorph, Co. K; disch. by order, May 22, 1865.
John Cruthers, Co. K; must, out Aug. 13, 1865.
George H. Godfrey, Co. K; must, out Aug. 13, 1865.
George Nisle, Co. K; must, out Aug. 13, 1865.
John H. Bradshaw, Co. K; must, out Aug 13, 1865.
Washington J. Engle, Co. K; must, out Aug. 13, 1865.
 
SIXTEENTH INFANTRY. 
The 16th barely comes within the limit we have prescribed as entitling a regiment to mention in these pages. 
It had, according to the adjutant-general's rolls, just twenty members who were residents of Hillsdale County, viz., one in Company B, seven in C, two in D, eight in E, and two in F.
It went to Virginia in September, 1861. In the spring of 1862 it moved with the Army of the Potomac to the Peninsula, and was engaged in the battles of Hanover Court-House, Gaines' Mills, and Malvern Hill. 
At Gaines' Mills alone it had no less than forty-nine officers and soldiers killed, one hundred and sixteen wounded, and fifty-five missing. At the second battle of Bull Run it had sixteen killed, sixty-three wounded, and seventeen missing.
At Antietam it was in reserve. 
At Fredericksburg it had twenty-three men killed and wounded, and at Chancellorsville one killed and six wounded. 
At Middleburg, on the 21st of June, 1863, the regiment captured a piece of artillery with nineteen officers and men, itself having nine men wounded.
 It was hotly engaged at Gettysburg, having twenty-four officers and soldiers killed, thirty-six wounded, and two missing.
The next battle of the 16th (which, in the meantime, had reorganized as a veteran regiment) was at the Wilderness, where, on the 7th of May, 1864, it was sharply and gallantly engaged, having thirty-five officers and men killed and wounded. 
The evening of the 8th, the rebels attacked the regiment while on the march, but were repulsed, and a rebel colonel and a large number of men were captured. 
On the 22d of May the 16th defeated the enemy's rearguard, and made another large capture of prisoners.
After numerous skirmishes and two or three serious conflicts it reached the lines in front of Petersburg on the 17th of June. 
On the 30th of September it was part of the force which stormed the works at Poplar Grove Church, its commander, Col. Welch, being killed, and fifty-two others being killed and wounded. 
The regiment remained on duty before and near Petersburg until the 6th and 7th of February, 1865, when it was engaged in the battle of Hatcher's Run, and suffered heavy loss. 
It was also engaged to some extent in the conflicts at Five Forks, Amelia Court-House, High Bridge, and the crowning glory of Appomattox Courthouse. 
After being ordered to Louisville, Ky., and Jeffersonville, Ind., in June, it was finally sent to Jackson, Mich., in July, where it was paid off and disbanded on the 25th of that month.
     
OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS FROM HILLSDALE COUNTY. 
James R. Hall, Co. D; killed at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, 1863. 
William Simmons, Co. E; died of wounds. 
Joseph Cillway, Co. C; killed at Spotsylvania, Va., May 8, 1864. 
Curtis Blanchard, Co. C; trims, to Vet. Res. Corps, July, 1863. 
James N, Ish, Co. D; disch. Feb. 26, 1863. 
William Coplin, Co. F; disch Oct, 24, 1862. 
Samuel Holstend, Co. C; disch. Sept. 7, 1864. 
Abrnm Whitbeck, Co. C; disch. to re-enlist as veteran, Dec. 24, 1863.
James Spatch, Co. E; disch. to re-enlist as veteran, Dec. 21,1863.
Reuben Weston, Co. F; disch. to re-enlist as veteran, Dec. 21, 1863.
William Ryan, Co. C; must, out July 8, 1865.
Nathaniel D. Milliard, Co. E; disch. for disability, April 16, 1863.
Patrick Meehan, Co. E; disch. for disability, Jan. 21, 1863.
James Parker, Co. E; disch. for disability, Jan. 15, 1863.
David Billington, Co. C; killed at Malvern Hill, Va., July 1, 1862.
Malcolm McClellen, Co. E; killed at Gaines' Mills, Va., June 27, 1862.
Patrick Meehan, Co. E; killed at Gaines' Mills, Va., June 27, 1862.
Ephralm H. Hewlett, Co. B; died at Aunapolis, Md., Oct. 11, 1862.
Henry Peek, Co. E; died at Baltimore, Md, Nov. 25, 1862.
Thomas Cilliway, Co. C; disch. for disability, Feb. 24, 1862.
Alphonzo Wakefield, Co. C; disch. for disability, Dec. 29, 1861.
 
CHAPTER XIV.
THE EIGHTEENTH INFANTRY.
A Special Hillsdale Regiment—Number from the County—How Raised—Camp at Hillsdale—Service in Kentucky—Provost Duty at Nashville—In Garrison at Nashville—Surprising the Rebels— Disaster near Athens—A Successful Defense—A Brilliant Sally— Subsequent Duties—Muster Out—The Officers and Soldiers.
Tills is generally considered as peculiarly a Hillsdale County regiment, as its rendezvous during formation was at Hillsdale village. 
It also contained more men from that county than did any other regiment under a single organization, though not as many as did the old and new 4th combined. 
The whole number of Hillsdale men in the regiment during the war was two hundred and eighty-six, distributed as follows: sixteen in Company A, ninety-two in Company D, eighty-three in Company F, seventy-four in Company G, nineteen in Company H, and two in Company I.
The 18th was one of the first organized results of President Lincoln's call for more troops after the disasters of the Peninsular campaign. 
The 17th Infantry was raised under that call by the State at large. 
Then it was arranged that each of the six Congressional districts in the State should raise one regiment to be numbered from eighteen to twenty-three, inclusive. 
The county of Wayne, however, which was then in the first district, undertook to raise an additional regiment by itself, and consequently the remaining counties of the first district, Monroe, Lenawee, and Hillsdale, were called on to supply a sufficient number of volunteers for the 18th Regiment.
The regimental camp was established at Hillsdale, and placed under the charge of Hon. Henry Waldron. 
So promptly did the young men of the three counties named respond to their country's call that on the 4th of September, 1862, the regiment left Hillsdale for Cincinnati with a thousand and two officers and men in its ranks. 
Of these, as has been seen. 
Companies D, F, G, were substantially from Hillsdale County, while small detachments represented the county in other companies. 
Charles E. Doolittle, of Hillsdale, then a captain of the 4th Infantry, was commissioned as colonel of the new regiment. 
The other field officers were Lieut-Col. George Spaulding, of Monroe County, and Maj. John W. Homer, of Lenawee.
From Cincinnati the regiment was moved to Lexington, Ky., where it remained until February 21, when it marched to Danville. 
It retreated from Danville with Gen. Carter's force, skirmishing with the rebels under Gen. Pegram on the way. 
On the 28th, the Union men turned the tables on their late pursuers, chasing them over a rough mountainous road as far as Buck Creek. 
On the 7th of April the 18th marched to Lebanon, and thence proceeded to Nashville, Tennessee, where it arrived on the 14th of that month.
It remained at Nashville, doing duty as provost-guard, until the 11th of June, 1864, a period of fourteen months. 
Its duties were well performed, and it is understood that it was retained so long in that position at the request of Andrew Johnson, then Military Governor of Tennessee, and afterwards President of the United States. 
Of course, however, this detention prevented the regiment from winning glory in the field during the time of its stay.
On the date before named, the 11th of June, 1864, the 18th was released from duty as provost-guard, and promptly set out to meet the enemy in the field. 
The next day it reached Decatur, Ala., of which place it formed a part of the garrison during the succeeding summer and fall, though often engaged in scouting through the neighboring country and having several conflicts with the enemy.
On the 28th of June, in connection with a force of cavalry, it surprised the camp of Patterson's brigade of rebel cavalry, capturing all the equipage, wagons, stores, etc., and some prisoners. 
On the 25th of July, again in connection with a cavalry force, but marching in advance of it, the 18th attacked the same brigade at Cortland, Ala., and drove it in confusion from the field. 
On the 1st of September, it was sent to reinforce the garrison of Athens, Ala., arriving just in time to prevent Gen. Roddy's brigade of shot-gun cavalry from seizing the town.
On the 8th of September the regiment left Athens, with Gen. Streight's brigade, in pursuit of Gen. Wheeler, with whose troops it had a sharp skirmish near Florence, Ala. 
The pursuit being abandoned, the 18th returned to Decatur. 
On the 24th of September, two hundred and thirty-one officers and men of the 18th marched with about as many other troops to aid the garrison of Athens. 
About two miles from that place they were attacked by Gen. N. B. Forrest, the most vigorous and successful of all the rebel cavalrymen in the West, with a force since ascertained to have numbered four thousand. 
After expending all their ammunition in five hours' hard fighting against this immensely superior force, the detachment had fought its way to a point in sight of Athens, but all their hopes were extinguished by seeing that the town was already in possession of the enemy. 
The force intended to relieve it, including the detachment of the 18th, then also surrendered. 
Except a very few who escaped, the entire number above mentioned (two hundred and thirty-one) was killed or captured.
On the 26th of October Gen. Hood, then on his way, with the army withdrawn from Atlanta, to attempt the defeat of Thomas and capture of Nashville, appeared before Decatur. 
The siege continued until the 29th of October, the immense force of rebels making every effort to overwhelm the defenders of the town, but without success. 
That portion of the 18th not captured by Forrest was active in the defense, which at length resulted in the defeat of the enemy, and the withdrawal of his whole force.
At one time during the siege a detachment of the enemy's riflemen gained possession of a line of rifle-pits close to one of the Union forts. 
Fifty men of the 18th were sent out against them. 
The Michigan men managed to strike the rebels in flank, rout them from their rifle-pits, and capture a hundred and fifteen of them, almost before the bewildered Confederates knew what was going on.
On the 25th of November the 18th set out for Stevenson, Ala., but after remaining at the latter place about two weeks it returned to Decatur. 
From that point it proceeded to Huntsville, Ala., on the 11th of January, 1865, where it remained in garrison until the 20th of June. 
It was then ordered to Nashville, where it was mustered out on the 2(!th of that month. 
It arrived at Jackson, Mich., on the 2d of July, 1865, and on the 4th was paid off and disbanded.
 
OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS FROM HILLSDALE COUNTY. 
Charles E. Doolittle (formerly of 4th Inf.), commissioned Col. July 27, 1862; Brig. Gen. of vols., May 11, 1865; brevet maj.-gen. of vols., May 11,1865 ; must. out Nov. 30, 1865. 
Simeon P. Root, com. surg. Aug. 7, 1862; res. Feb. 25, 1863. 
James H. Pratt, com. 1st Lieut., and qr.-mr. Aug. 2, 1862; assist, qr.-mr. U.S. Vols., March 29, 1863; must, out Jan. 8, 1866. 
John R. Randall, com. 1st Lieut. July 27, 1862; Capt., Feb. 18, 1863; res. April 16, 1864.
George W. Bullock, com. Capt. July 27, 1862; res. March 27, 1865. 
Jacob O. Ames, com. 1st Lieut. July 27, 1862; res. Jan. 16, 1863. 
James G. Bunt, com. 2d Lieut., July 27, 1862; 1st Lieut., Dec. 13, 1862; Capt.,
March 21, 1865; must, out June 20,186.5.
Stanley W. Turner, com. 2d Lieut. July 27, 1862; res. Jan. 16,1863. 
Alonzo E. Clark, com. 2d Lieut. July 27, 1862; 1st Lieut., Feb. 18, 1863; must. out June 26, 1865.
Stanley W. Davis, com. 2d Lieut. Jan. 31, 1863; wounded and captured at Athens, Ala., Sept. 24, 1864; paroled Nov. 14, 1864; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Edward P. Champlin, com. 2d Lieut. Jan. 16, 1863; 1st Lieut. and qr.-mr., Sept. 28, 1863; assist, qr.-mr. U. S. Vols., June 30, 1864. 
Seymour H. Adams, com. 2d Lieut. Feb. 18, 1863; 1st lieut., Aug. 16, 1864; must. out June 26, 1865. 
Charles B. Hoyt, com. 2d Lieut. May 30, 1863; res. Jan. 9, 1865. 
George W. Brewster, com. 2d Lieut. Aug. 1, 1863; 1st lieut., March 21, 1865; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Albert C. Smith, com, 2d Lieut. Jan. 9, 1865; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Clinton F. Norris, com. id Lieut. Aug. 16, 1864; must, out June 26, 1865. 
John Massaker, Co. D; died at Lexington, Ky., Oct. 25, 1862. 
William a. Granger, Co. G; died at Camp Smith, KY., Oct. 16, 1862. 
Ashnr T. Strong, Co. G; died at Covington, Ky., Oct. 2, 1862. 
Daniel S. Foster, Co. D; died at Nashville, Tenn., July 3, 1863. 
William T. Hart, Co. D; died at Nashville, Tenn., June 22, 1863. 
Alonzo H. Orvis, Co. D; died at Lexington, Ky., Jan. 5, 1863. 
William Folger, Co. D; died at Lexington, Ky., Jan. 7, 1863. 
John Richey. Co. D; died at Lexington, Ky., Jan. 16, 1863. 
Cbaunrey Ashley, Co. F; died at Nashville, Tenn., May 28, 1863. 
Robert H. Cowgill, Co. F; died at Lexington, Ky., March 7, 1863. 
John Croup, Co. F; died at Lexington, Ky., Feb. 8, 1863. 
Albert S. Thorn, Co. F; died at Lexington, Ky., Jan. 8, 1863. 
Loren M. Hammond, Co. F; died at Lexington, Ky., Jan, 21, 1863. 
Charles E. Merrick, Co. G; died at Lexington, Ky., Feb, 19, 1863. 
Francis Hunt, Co. G; died at Danville, Ky., March 23, 1863. 
Byron Barber, Co. G; died at Danville, Ky., April 10, 1863. 
John B. Webster, Co. G; died at Lexington, Ky., April 8, 1863. 
William McCarthy, Co. G; died at Nashville, Tenn., May 4,1863. 
Seth Petrie, Co. G; died at Nashville, Tenn., May 23, 1863. 
Ira E. Gay, Co. G; died at Nashville, Tenn., July 24, 1863. 
Helon Vanscoy, Co. H; died at Louisville, Ky., July 27. 1863. 
Irving Bramen, Co. H; died at Lexington, Ky., Feb, I0, 1863. 
George W. Hughes, Co. H; died at Lexington, Ky., Feb. 13, 1863, 
Eli Alvord, Co. H; died at Lexington, Ky., Jan. 22, 186 
Ralph E. Stout, Co. F; killed at Courtland, Ala, June 27, 1864. 
Samuel D. Douglass, Co. A; died at Nashville, Tenn., Jan II, 1864. 
Charles W. Davis, Co. A; shot at Nashville, Tenn., Nov. 2", 1861. 
William McGaffee, Co. D; died at Nashville, Tenn., Feb. 18, 1864. 
Charles H. Baker, Co. D; died at Nashville, Tenn., March 14, 1864. 
Henry D. Narcott, Co. D; died at Nashville, Tenn., April 20, 1864. 
Pliny Pettis, Co. D; died at Nashville, Tenn., March 10, 1864. 
James W. Camp, Co. D; died at Decatur, Ala., Aug. 14, 1864. 
William F. Cook, Co. D; accidentally shot, Nov. 27, 1863. 
Milton Rice, Co. F; died at Reading, Mich., Dec. 29, 1863. 
Philip J. Conklin, Co. F; died at Nashville, Tenn., Jan. 8, 1864. 
Sheldon Carey, Co. F; died at Nashville, Tenn., Jan. 30, 1864. 
John C. Hindes, Co. F; died at Nashville, Tenn., March 18, 1864. 
Jacob Beiry, Co. F; died at Nashville, Tenn., March 22, 1864. 
Henry H. Davis, Co. F; died at Nashville, Tenn., April 17, 1864. 
Albert Tillotson, Co. F: died at Nashville, Tenn., May 12, 1664. 
James Lickley, Co. F; died at Decatur, Ala, Sept. I1, 1864. 
Willis M. Woods, Co. F; died at Decatur, Ala., Sept. 11, 1864. 
Nelson L. Lyon, Co. G; died at Nashville. Tenn., March 24, 1864. 
William B. Burt, Co. G; died at Nashville, Tenn., April 6, 1864. 
Norman G. Markham, Co. G; died at Nashvillo, Tenn., April 4, 1864. 
William D. Storer, Co. H; died at Nashville, Tenn., Feb. 22, 1864. 
Nelson Slocum, Co. G; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps, Feb. 15, 1864. 
James L. Avery, Co. D; killed at Athens, Ala., Sept. 24, 1864. 
Levi Courtleff, Co. D; killed at Athens, Ala., Sept. 24, 1864. 
Wm. H. Finch, Co. D: killed by explosion of steamer “Sultana," April 28, 1865. 
John F. Schermerhorn, Co. F; killed at Athens, Ala., Sept. 24, 1864. 
Jonathan Robbins, Co. A; killed by explosion of “Sultana," April 28, 1865. 
William Moore, Co. D; died at Lexington, Ky., Dec. 27, 1862. 
Albert W. Lawrence, Co. D; killed by explosion of "Sultana," April 28, 1865. 
John E. Bird, Co. D; killed by explosion of steamer "Sultana," April 28, 1865. 
Wm. Young, Co. D; killed by explosion of steamer "Sultana," April 28, 1865. 
Silas C. Dodge, Co. D; died at Huntsville, Ala., March 12, 1865. 
Edwin Ford, Co. D; killed by explosion, April 28, 1865. 
Lemon Nelson, Co. D; killed by explosion, April 28, 1865. 
Benjamin Morton, Co. D; died at Danville, Ky., April 8, 1863. 
F. M. Sawyer, Co. D; died at Decatur, Ala., Dec. 17, 1864. 
James Watkins, Co. D; killed by "Sultana" explosion. 
Ward Wilson, Co. D; died in rebel prison, Cahawba, Ala., Nov. 17, 1864. 
Washington Mann, Co. D; killed by “Sultana" explosion. 
Levi J. Hoyle, Co. D; died at Decatur, Ala., Dec. 17, 1864.
Albert W. Barber, Co. F; died at Cahawba, Ala., in rebel prison, Sept, 24, 1864.
Alfred Dewell, Co. F; died at Nashville, Tenn., April 17. 1864.
Alexander Fuller, Co. F; killed by "Sultana" explosion.
Orris Gale, Co. F; killed by “Sultana" explosion.
Morgart L. Holmes, Co. F; killed by “Sultana" explosion.
Sherman Rupert, Co. F; died in Cahawba prison, Ala., Fob. 25,1865.
George W. Vangorden, Co. F; killed by "Sultana" explosion.
George Lockler, Co. F; killed by “Sultana" explosion.
James Caldwell, Co. G; killed by “Sultana" explosion.
Foster Colby, Co. G; died at Vicksburg, Miss., April 5, 1865.
William F. Fanrat, Co. G; killed by “Sultana” explosion.
Patrick Lackey, Co. G; killed by "Sultana" explosion.
George W. Palmer, Co. G; killed by “Sultana" explosion.
Frederick D. Zeeley, Co. G; killed by "Sultana" explosion.
Jason Vanata, Co. G; killed by "Sultana" explosion.
Charles A. West, Co. G; killed by "Sultana" explosion.
Wm. Springer, Co. G; died at Huntsville, Ala., May 6, 1865.
Henry Thompson, Co. G; killed by "Sultana" explosion.
Simon Mattison, Co. H; killed by "Sultana" explosion.
George W. Angel, Co. H; died at Indianapolis, Ind., Jan. 9, 1865.
Henry H. Loper, Co. D; trans, to 9th Mich. Inf.
Sylvester Lyman, Co. D; trans, to 9th Mich. Inf.
William Wilson, Co. D; trans, to 9th Mich. Inf.
Rubscii J. Ellis, Co. D; trans, to 9th Mich. Inf.
Milo M. Titus, Co. D; trans, to 9th Mich. Inf.
David Cowan, Co. D; trans, to 9th Mich. Inf.
Charles Richardson, Co. D; trans, to 9th Mich. Inf.
Sidney J. Smithson, Co. F; trims, to 9th Mich. Inf.
Andrew B. Crandall, Co. F; trans, to 9th Mich. Inf.
Thomas T. Cox, Co. F; trans, to 9th Mich. Inf.
William H. Smith, Co. G; trans, to 9th Mich. Inf.
Luther Benedict, Co. G; trans, to 9th Mich. Inf.
Edward Aiken, Co. G; trans, to 9th Mich. Inf.
John R. Duesler, Co. D; disch, for disability, Oct, 4, 1862.
John Beaver, Co. H; disch. for disability, Sept. 2, 1862.
Donald T. McCall, Co. A; disch. for disability, Jan. 3, 1863.
William B. Evatt, Co. A; disch. for disability, March 12,1863.
Washington Pease, Co. D; disch. for disability, Jan. 26,1863.
James H. Thill, Co. D; disch. for disability, Feb. 4,1863.
Henry Hermance, Co. D; disch. for disability, Feb. 4, 1863.
James H. Wheeler, Co. D; disch for disability, Feb. 4, 1863.
Henry C. Cole, Co. D; disch. for disability, March 29, 1863.
George Warren, Co. D; disch. for disability, May 23, 1863.
William O. Truman, Co. D; disch for disability, June 1, 1863.
Charles H. Baker, Co. D; disch. for disability, June 14, 1863.
Hugh Killen, Co. D; disch. for disability, Oct. 15, 1863.
Francis Furry, Co. F; disch. for disability, March 26, 1863.
William Siddal, Co. F: disch. for disability, June 22, 1861.
Charles H. Randolph, Co. G; disch. for disability, April 23, 1863.
Orrin E. Nichols, Co. G; disch. for disability, April 23,1863.
A. V. Ammerman, Co. G; disch. for disability, May 1. 1863.
Albert Bayer, Co. G; disch. for disability, May 27, 1863.
Cornelius Anable, Co. G; disch. for disability, June 8, 1863.
Charles E. K. Baxter, Co. G; disch. for disability, Sept. 15, 1863.
George Hancock, Co. H; disch. for disability, March 26, 1863.
Charles Button, Co. D; disch. for disability, June 15, 1864.
William W. Noe, Co. D; disch. by order, July 10, 1864.
James D. Smith, Co. F; disch. for disability, Jan. 15, 1864.
Lewis P. Swift, Co. G; disch. for promotion, April 26, 1864.
Marion I. Dillon, Co. A; must.out June 26, 1865.
Nathaniel W. Foglesang, Co. A; must , out June 21, 1865.
Nelson Hinckley, Co. A; must, out June 10, 1865.
Benjamin B. Martin, Co. A; must, out June 26, 1865.
Harvey Pixley, Co. A; must, out June 26, 1865.
Philo Stafford, Co. A; disch. for disability, Dec. 26, 1862.
Peter Vanderowligan, Co. A; must, out June 26, 1865.
Charles H. Levens, N. C. S, must, out June 26, 1865.
David H. Perry, Co. A; must, out June 26, 1866.
Thomas S. Finch, Co. A; must, out June 26, 1865.
Ephraim W. Benson, Co. A; must, out June 26, 1865.
Lyman Carr, Co. A; disch. for disability, Dec. 26, 1862.
John H. Purdy, Co. D; must, out June 26, 1865.
Henry C. Wood, Co. D; must, out June 22, 1865.
Joseph A. Mathews, Co. D; must, out June 26, 1865.
E. G. Kellogg, Co. D; disch. Dec. 27, 1862.
Charles N. Howland, Co. D; disch. Dec. 27, 1862.
Luther B. Walcott, Co. D; must, out June 26, 1865.
Aaron F. Brown, Co. D; must, out June 26, 1865.
John Acker, Co. D; must, out June 26, 1865.
Louis J. Barnes, Co. D; disch. for disability, Feb 18, 1865.
Hiram M. Clark, Co. D; lost right arm at Decatur, Ala., Oct. 26,1864; disch. account of wounds, March 23, 1865. 
William Crisp, Co. D; must, out June 22, 1865. 
Nelson Clark, Co. D; must, out June 30,186",. 
George W. Drake, Co. D; disch. for disability, Dec. 26, 1862. 
James Ellis, Co. D; disch. for disability, Dec. 26, 1862. 
George W. Duesler, Co. D; must, out June 22, 1865. 
Ephraim Gillet, Co. D; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Charles Hutchings, Co. D; must, out June 26, 1865. 
William Y. Henry, Co. D; must, out June 26, 1865. 
George N. Jones, Co. D; must, out June 26, 1863. 
A. Jennings, Co. D; must, out July 10, 1865. 
William N. Kinney, Co. D; must. out June 9,1865. 
Jacob Kausen, Co. D; must, out June 26, 1865.
William Lee, Co. D; must, out June 26, 1865.
Michael Mosher, Co. D: must, out June 26, 1865.
John Miles, Co. D; must, out June 26, 1865.
John McKee, Co. D; must, out June 26, 1865.
Harrison Mattison, Co. D; must, out June 26, 1865.
Nicholas G. Massaker, Co. D; must, out June 26, 1865.
Sampson Orenden, Co. D; must, out June 26, 1865.
Samuel Prescott, Co. D; must, out June 26, 1865.
Robert Scott, Co. D; must, out June 26, 1865.
Franklin Shaw, Co. D; must, out June 10, 1865.
Amos Sawyer, Co. D; must, out June 21, 1865.
Alvah Sawyer, Co. D; must. Out June 26, 1865.
Oscar Tindell, Oo. D; must, out June 26, 1865.
William Torry, Co. D; must, out Sept. 11, 1865.
Gul in ha Turner, Co. D; must, out June 26, 1865.
Ambrose C. Tyler, Co. D; must, out June 26, 1865.
John Warner, Co. D; must, out June 26, 186u.
George Williams, Co. D; must, out June 26, 186a.
David J. Watkins, Co. D; must, out June 26, 1865.
Hiram J. Wilson, Co. D; disch. Dec. 26, 1862.
William T. Whitney, Co. D; disch. for disability, May 21,1865.
Henry S. Woodruff, Co. D; must, out June 26, 1865.
John W. Norcutt, Co. D, must, out July 19, 1865.
Foshen Smith, Co. 1i; must, out June 10, 1865.
Aaron Wood, Co. D; must, out June 21, 1865.
Isaac Coffin, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
John Williams, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
Commodore Smith, Co. F; must, out July 25, 1865.
Judah P. Cornell, Co. F: must, out June 16, 186V
Albert Hancock, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
Orlando Cole, Co. F; must, out June 29, 1865.
Peter G. Clow, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
John T. Young, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
Sidney Dodge, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
Nelson Benedict, F; must, out July 6, 1865.
Erustus Bates, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
Ira Bryant, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
Isaac Brown, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
Miles O. Bailey, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
John Burns, Co. F; must. out. June 26, 1865.
George E, Carter, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
George H. Cornell, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
Edward L. Cutter, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
Loren W. Chapin, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
Samuel Carlisle, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
Daniel Clehane, Co. F; must, out June 10, 1865.
John Capon, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
Henry R. Davis, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
James N. Davis, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
Jacob M. Divine, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
Lewis Dewell, Co. F; must, out June 26, 186o.
Franklin Fuller, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
Franklin J. Farnham, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
D. Eddy Haskins, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
Michael S. Howland, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
Thomas Hodson, Co. F; must, out May 29, 1865.
Sylvester B. Kimball, Co. F; disch. in March, 1863.
Allen D. Lite, Co. F; must, out June 16, 1865.
Daniel W. Litchfield, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
Le Grand B. Lamb, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
Gad McDowell, Co. F; must. out June 26, 1865.
Joel F. Nevins, Co. F; must, out July 6, 1865.
Charles J. Owens, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
William H. Petrie, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
John Palmer, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
William Rose, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
William H. Shepherd, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
Ransom Scovill, Co. F; must, out June 16, 1865.
S. B. Stubberfield, Co. F; must, out July 5, 1865.
Richard Shepardson, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
James D. Smith, Co. F; disch. Jan. 16, 1863.
Martin V. Stuck, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
George W. Sturdevant, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
Charles W. Sackrider, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
Alonao Van Vlack, Co. F; must, out July 6, 1865.
William W. Wilson, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
Luther W. Woods, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
John Wear, Co. F; disch. for disability, April 12, 1865.
Nelson P. Woodruff, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
Hiram A. Cole, Co. F; must, out June 26, 1865.
John P. Freeland, Co. F; disch. Dec. 26, 1862.
Thaddeus C. Ayers, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865.
Horace C Aldrich, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865.
Marion F. Howe, Co. G; must, out June 21, 1865.
John M. O. Smith, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865.
James A. Tylor, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865.
Almon M. Pierce, Co. G; disch. Dec. 25, 1862. 
Alfred Hopkins, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865. 
George W. Ankless, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Allen G. Brindage, Co. G; must, out May 17, 1865. 
George W. Baker, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Daniel A. Benedict, Co. G; disch. Jan. 18, 1865. 
Wesley Brooks, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Henry C. Bennett, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Nilare Branch, Co. G; must, out June26, 1865. 
Samuel D. Brown, Co. G: must, out June 26, 1865. 
Edward Bemis, Co. G; must, out June 12, 1865. 
John P. Cooper, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Peter Card, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865. 
George Curris, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865. 
George W, Crawford, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Corridor Cassady, Co. G; must, out June 29, 1865. 
Martin W. Decker, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Door Darling, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Eh A. Fuller, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Lyman Havens, Co. G: must, out June 15, 1865. 
Richard W. Hawkins, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Thomas J. Harris, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Allen C. Howe, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865. 
George C. Howe, Co. G; must, out June 26,1865. 
Ensign Johnson, Co. G; must, out May 22, 1865. 
Benjamin Kaltenback, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Ira Kinney, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Julius Lewis, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Joseph W. Mullen, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865. 
John Mull, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Bradley O. Moore, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Sylvester Miller, Co. G; disch, Dec. 25, 1862. 
Oscar C. Nash, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Philemon Plumer, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Ellsha Remele, Co. G; disch. Dec. 26, 1862. 
John J. Riggs, Co. G; must. out June 26. 1865. 
Levi Riker, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Cyrus W. Simons, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865. 
David Stevens, Co. G; must. out June 26, 1865. 
David Turner, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Cornelius Vell, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Edward A. Wright, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865. 
George W. Walker, Co. G; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Willis W. Wright, Co. G; must. out June 28, 1865. 
W. C. Seymour, Co. G; must, out June 9, 1865. 
John C. Curtiss, Co. G; must, out May 14, 1365. 
James Bradley, Co. H; disch. Doc. 25, 1862. 
Jacob Barrett, Co. H; must. out June 26, 1865. 
Theodore S. Bloomer, Co. H; must, out June 26, 1865. 
James Barrett, Co. H; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Christian German, Co. H; must, out June 26, 1865. 
David Hand, Co. H; must, out June 26, 1865. 
John Kurton, Co. H; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Benjamin Osborn, Co. H; must, out June 26. 1865. 
Henry Quanee, Co. H; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Henry R. Stivers, Co. H; must. out June 26, 1865. 
William D. Storer, Co. H; must, out June 26, 1865. 
John Jibb, Co I; disch. July 1, 1865. 
John Kirkly, Co. I; disch. May 22, 1865. 
 
CHAPTER XV.
THE TWENTST-FOURTH, TWENTY-SEVENTH, AND THIRTIETH INFANTRY.
A Score of Gallant Men—Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville—Severe Loss at Gettysburg—Capturing Rebel Colors in the Wilderness— A Third Cut Down at Petersburg—Defeating the Foe on the Weldon Railroad—Hatcher's Run—Mustered Out—List of Members—Origin of the 27th—The .Second Independent Company of Sharpshooters—The Members from Hillsdale County—At Vicksburg—In Kentucky—Ordered to Knoxville—Checking Longstreet —Defense of Knoxville—Ordered to Maryland in 1864—The Wilderness and Spotsylvania—Bethesda Church—Assailing Petersburg—The Explosion of the Mine—Enormous Total of Losses— Duties during the Winter—Storming and Capture of Fort Steadman—Entering Petersburg—Close of Services—Officers and Soldiers —Thirtieth Infantry formed to stop Rebel Raids—The Hillsdale County Recruits—Brief Services—Muster-Out—List of Members.
The 24th Infantry had only twenty-one men from Hillsdale County, two of whom were in Company B, four in
D, one in F, six in G, two in H, one in I, and five in K. 
The regiment was raised mostly in Wayne County, its rendezvous being at Detroit. It left for Washington the last of August, 1862. 
Its first severe battle was at Fredericksburg, on the 13th and 14th of December, 1862, where it had twenty-three men killed and wounded. 
On the 29th of April, 1863, preliminary to the battle of Chancellorsville, the 24th and another regiment crossed the Rappahannock and drove the rebels from their rifle-pits, capturing one hundred and three prisoners, with a loss of only three killed and twenty-two wounded. 
The enemy left seventeen dead on the field. 
The regiment was not engaged in the main battle of Chancellorsville, but covered the retreat of the Union army.
At Gettysburg the 24th was a part of the first infantry engaged, and its loss on the first day was extremely severe, eight officers and sixty-five men being killed, thirteen officers and two hundred and fourteen men being wounded, and three officers and ninety-one men being reported missing, a total of three hundred and ninety-four. 
The twenty-one officers killed and wounded embraced nearly the whole number present. The regiment was not engaged during the second and third days of the battle.
The 24th was not again in any important conflict until it met the foe in the Wilderness, on the 5th of May, 1864, where it captured a number of prisoners and the colors of the 48th Virginia rebel infantry. 
It was also sharply engaged on the 6th and 7th of May, having sixty-four men killed and wounded during the three days. 
At and near Spotsylvania Court-House the 24th was under fire nearly every day for two weeks, having fifty men killed and wounded.
On the 23d of May the regiment defeated the enemy, which attacked it immediately after crossing the North Anna River.
 After some fighting near Cold Harbor, it advanced to the front of Petersburg, and on the 18th of June took part in the assault on that place, having one third killed and wounded out of the little baud of a hundred and twenty which gallantly advanced under its banner.
The regiment (scarcely more than a company in numbers) was severely engaged on the Weldon Railroad on the 19th of August, its casualties numbering twenty-five. 
Two days later it aided in defeating a rebel attack with great loss, this regiment alone capturing eleven rebel officers and sixty soldiers.
Its next serious conflict was at Hatcher's Run, on the 6th and 7th of February, 1865, where it had twenty-two members killed and wounded. 
Being soon after sent to Springfield, Ill., on guard duty, it was not again under fire. It was mustered out at Detroit, on the 30th of June, 1865.
 
SOLDIERS FROM HILLSDALE COUNTY.
Henry J. Phillips, Co. K; died at Camp Butler, Ill., April 7,1865.
Jerome Pierce, Co. B; must. out June30, 1865.
Charles Dobson, Co. B; must. out June 30, 1865.
William Millard, Co. D; must, out June 30, 1865.
David J. Kendall, Co. D; must, out June 30, 1865.
Edward Webster, Co. D; must. out June 30,1865.
John A. Devoe, Co. D; must, out June 30, 1865.
John S. Ensign, Co. F; must. out June 30, 1865.
Michael Cassidy, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
Thomas Delano, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
Hub. Lull, Co. G; must. out June 30, 1865.
Johu Lyon, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
James Smith, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865. 
Mathus Shinners, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865. 
Angus Matherson, Co. H; must, out June 30, 1865. 
Edward F. Staples, Co. H; must out June 30, 1865. 
Anselm Ball, Co. I; must, out June 30, 1865. 
James K. P. Heath, Co. K; must, out June 30, 1865. 
James K. Thompson, Co. K; must, out June 30, 1865. 
Stephen Underhill, Co. K; must, out June 30, 1865. 
William Wright, Co. K; must, out June 28, 1865. 
 
TWENTY-SEVENTH INFANTRY.
The formation of the 27th Infantry was ordered by the Governor, with the consent of the national administration, in September, 1862, the rendezvous being at Port Huron. 
Soon afterwards the formation of the 28th Infantry was ordered at Ypsilanti. 
Such heavy drafts, however, had already been made on the then sparse population of Michigan that recruiting went on but slowly, and in January, 1863, it was determined to consolidate the two regiments just named. 
On the 1st of February the 27th accordingly removed to Ypsilanti, where the consolidation was effected, the resultant regiment taking the name of the 27th. 
Another 28th Regiment was afterwards raised, unconnected with this.
Company K of the 27th was entirely recruited in Hillsdale County, and during the war ninety-six citizens of that county served in its ranks; besides which, there were fourteen Hillsdale County men in Company D, twenty-eight in Company G, one in Company F, one in Company E, and two in Company H, making a total of a hundred and fortyone. 
In addition there was a company partly raised in Hillsdale County in the forepart of 1864 (fifty of its men being from that county), which was called the 2d Independent Company of Sharpshooters, and which joined the 27th in April, 1864, remaining with it during the war. 
Including these, there were a hundred and ninety-one officers and soldiers of Hillsdale County in or connected with the 27th Infantry.
Only eight companies were filled when the regiment was ordered from Ypsilanti to Cincinnati, in April, 1863. The two other companies, however, soon joined it. 
After some service in Kentucky it was attached to the 9th Corps, and in June was sent to Mississippi. 
It took part in the operations which resulted in the capture of Vicksburg, and after the surrender had a sharp skirmish with the enemy near Jackson. 
In August the regiment returned with the 9th Corps to Kentucky, and in September was ordered to Knoxville by way of Cumberland Gap.
On the 16th of November it was at Hoyt's Station, southwest from Knoxville, when Longstreet's army approached. 
The 27th with other regiments fell back toward Knoxville, closely followed by the rebels. 
In order to secure the trains a temporary stand was made at Campbell's Station, where this regiment had eleven men killed and wounded, besides eight missing. 
On reaching Knoxville the 27th took an active part in the celebrated defense of that place, where all the skill and valor of Longstreet's veterans were foiled by the steady courage of the Union volunteers, where every assault was defeated with disastrous loss, and whence at length the humbled Confederates retreated with shattered columns along the valley of the Tennessee. 
The regiment had eight killed and seventeen severely wounded during the month of November.
The 27th joined in the pursuit of the enemy, and after he had left the State remained in East Tennessee until the middle of January, 1864. 
It then marched to Kentucky, and was thence ordered to Maryland, where it was joined by the two companies of sharpshooters before mentioned. 
In the latter part of April it joined the Army of the Potomac, and almost immediately plunged into the terrible series of conflicts so deeply marked with blood in our country's history, but destined to result in the preservation of that country's existence.
Down to this time the regiment had not suffered very severely from the enemy's bullets, though its trials from hunger and cold around Knoxville had been very bitter, but it was now to know all the horrors of war and win all the glory that war confers. 
In the desperate conflict in the Wilderness on the 6th of May it had eighty-nine men killed and wounded, its commander, Maj. Moody, dying of wounds received there. 
At Spotsylvania Court-House it upheld its banner in the face of a still more destructive shower of rebel bullets, no less than a hundred and seventy-five officers and men being killed or wounded in those few hours of deadly strife. 
It should be remembered that all the regiments were greatly depicted by previous hardships and battles, and probably not over six hundred men entered the campaign under the banners of the 27th, including the two companies of sharpshooters. 
The regiment also took an active part in the battle of Bethesda Church, on the 3d of June, having seventy-six of its members killed and wounded.
Again it set forth on its blood-tracked path, escaping serious loss before the terrible lines of Cold Harbor, but having nearly a hundred men killed and wounded in the desperate charges on the enemy's works at Petersburg on the 17th and 18th of June. 
From the 8th to the 30th of July the regiment was in the advance immediately in front of the rebel forts, against which the Union engineers were directing their celebrated mine. 
When the mine was sprung, on the 30th of July, the 27th sprang forward to the assault, but shared the fate of so many other gallant regiments which were unable to force their way over the upheaved ground, the remaining intrenchments, and the storm of well-aimed bullets which still guarded the city. 
The casualties of the month of July, principally on the 30th, numbered one hundred and sixteen men killed and wounded.
On the 19th and 20th of August, the regiment took part in the battles near the Weldon Railroad, having seventeen men killed and wounded, and thirty-seven missing. It was also in the battle of Poplar Grove Church, on the 30th of September.
From the beginning of the campaign to the 1st of November, the 27th lost one hundred and forty-eight men killed in action or died of wounds, while the wounded reached the enormous number of four hundred and ninety-five. 
There were also about fifty who died of disease, thirty taken prisoners, and eighty reported "missing in action," mostly killed or captured. 
These items probably equaled or surpassed the number of men in the regiment when it entered the campaign; but its continued existence as an organization was due to the fact that a large part of the wounds were not such as to disable the men from further fighting. 
Many of them, too, were wounded two or more times each. Some recruits were received, but not many.
During the winter of 1864-65 the regiment was engaged in very arduous picket and trench duty, but did not suffer from the enemy's bullets as during the preceding season. 
Recruits were also sent forward to join it, some prisoners were exchanged, some reported l: missing" were found, and in the spring of 1865 the regiment was in quite respectable force.
On the 2d of April, at four o'clock in the morning, the 27th charged the rebel Fort Mahon, capturing the eastern part of it, with three cannon and a hundred and sixty-four prisoners, and holding the position throughout the day, in spite of repeated assaults of the enemy. 
During the night the men threw up breastworks, connecting the captured fort with the Union picket-line, and at three o'clock on the morning of the 3d of April advanced into the long-besieged and now abandoned city of Petersburg.
After assisting in the capture of Lee's army and performing some less important duties in Virginia and the District of Columbia, the 27th was mustered out at Tenallytown, in that district, on the 26th of July, 1865, and paid off and disbanded at Detroit about the 30th of the same month.
 
OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS OF THE TWENTY-SEVENTH INFANTRY, AND OF THE, SECOND COMPANY OF SHARPSHOOTERS ATTACHED TO IT, FROM HILLSDALE COUNTY.
Edwin J. March, commissioned Capt. Dec. 30, 1863; trans, as Lieut.-col. to the 2d Inf. April 1, 1864; afterwards wounded before Petersburg; com. col., and res. April 1, 1864.
James W. Niblack, app. asst. surg. Dec. 1.5, 186-1; must, out July 26, 1865.
Oscar Hancock, com. 1st Lieut., Dec. 15, 1863; ros. Nov. 5, 1864.
Richard Vosper, com. 2d Lieut. in the 2d Ind. Co., Feb. 27, 1864; wounded near Petersburg, June 18, 1864; res. Sept. 27, 1864.
Thomas S. Mead, com. 1st Lieut. 2d Ind. Co., Fob. 27, 1864; wounded near Petersburg, June 17, 1864; also at Poplar Grove Church, Sept. 30, 1864; died of wounds Oct. 16, 1864.
Albert C. Dunn, Co. G; killed at Petersburg, Va. June 3, 1864.
Nelson Kellogg, Co. G; killed at Petersburg, Va., June 3, 1864.
Harlow Haines, Co. G; killed at Petersburg, Va., June 3, 1864.
James P. Todd, Co. G; died of wounds, July 19, 1864.
Jacob Rarick, Co. K; killed at Petersburg, Va., June 17, 1864.
Henry Rich, Co. K; killed at Petersburg, Va., August, 1864.
David Smith, Co. K; died of wounds, June 29, 1864, at Washington, D. C.
Albert Blunt, Co. K; died of wounds, May 6, 1864, at Wilderness, Va.
Paul Fifleld, Co. K; died of wounds, May 6, 1864, at Wilderness, Va.
Pulard Sappson, Co. K; died of wounds, May 12, 1861, at Wilderness, Va.
Leander Squires, Co. K; died of wounds, May 19, 1864, at Wilderness, Va.
John Ayres, Co. K; died of wounds. May 12, 1864, at Spotsylvania, Va.
Frederick Ostrander, Co. K; died of wounds, May 12, 1864, at Spotsylvania, Va.
David O. Smith, Co. K; died of wounds, June 1, 1864, at Petersburg, Va.
Conrad Straub, Co. K; died of wounds, May 12, 1864, at Spotsylvania, Va.
Jason Worden, Co. K; died of wounds, June 17, 1864, at Petersburg, Va.
Samuel Ostrahurt, Co. K; died of wounds, May 12, 1864, at Spotsylvania, Va.
Austin Paustle, Co. K; died of wounds, July 30, 1864, at Petersburg, Va.
Horace Drake, Co. K; died of wounds, June 23, 1864, in Michigan.
William D. Belden, Co. K; died of wounds, June 25, 1864, at Washington, D. C.
A. B. Culver, Co. K; died at Washington, D. C, Aug. 1, 1864.
Stephen Patch, Co. K; died at Annapolis, Md., Oct. 3, 1864.
John B. Burdick, Co. K; died at home, January, 1864.
James P. Todd, Co. G; missing in action, May 26, 1864.
Byron Brine, Co. G; missing in action, May 25, 1864.
D. G. Van Allen, Co. K; missing in action at Wilderness, Va., May 6, 1864.
E. D. Van Allen, Co. K; missing in action at Wilderness, Va., May 6, 1864. 
John Anderson, Co. K; missing at Wilderness Va., May 8, 1864. 
E. W. Elliott, Co. K: Miasing at Petersburg, Va., July 30, 1864. 
Stephen Patch, Co. K; missing at Petersburg, Va., July 30, 1864. 
William H. Cole, Co. K; missing at Petersburg, Va., July 30, 1864. 
Charles E. Duel, Co. D of regt.; died of wounds, May 12,1864. 
Nelson Winfleld, killed before Petersburg, Va., July 30, 1864. 
William B. Thorn, Co. G; died Dec. 2, 1864. 
William H. Cole, Co. K; died at Danville, Va., Dec. 8, 1864. 
Ira V. Strough, Co. K; died at Annapolis, Md., March 26, 1865. 
Cicero D. Van Allen, Co. K; died at Andersonville, Ga., Nov. 26, 1864. 
Henry M. Bird, missing in action May 12, 1864. 
Franklin Smith, Co. D; trans, to V. R. Corps, May 1, 1865.
John Noonin, Co. K; trans, to V. R. Corps, Oct. 17, 1864.
Joseph M. Dolph, trans, to V. R. Cor|w.
Franklin Hoover, Co. D; must, out July 26, 1865.
William Dillon, Co. D; must, out July 26, 186 i.
Charles Hannibal, Co. D; must, out June 19, 186.J.
James Hoover, Co. D; must, out July 26, 1865.
James Lukes, Co. D; must, out June 12, 1865.
James McCluklin, Co. D; must. out July 26, 1865.
David Slaybaugh, Co. D; must, out June 15, 1865.
Levi N. Forrester, Co. D; must. out Aug. 11, 1865, from V. R. Corps.
Asahel Parks, Co. D; must, out June 13, 1865.
Charles Parks, Co. D; must, out July 26, 1865.
Charles Myers, Co. D; must, out July 26, 1865.
Birdsey S. Remmley, Co. D; must. out July 26,1865.
Elmer Farry, Co. E; must, out May 27, 1865.
Thomas Brayman, Co. F; must, out July 26, 1865.
Byron Brine, Co. G; must out Aug. 24, 1865.
Nathaniel Millard, Co. G; must, out July 28, 1865.
Wm. N. Younglove, Co. G; must, out Sept. 4, 1865, from V. R. Corps.
Leslie Hackett, Co. G; must, out July 26, 1865.
Elisha Wilcox, Co. G; must, out July 26, 1865.
George Care, Co. G; must, out July 26, 1865.
John Cleveland, Co. G; must, out July 26, 1865.
Samuel H. Dillon, Co. G; must, out July 26, 1885.
Thomas W. Dillon, Co. G; must, out July 26, 1865.
Mathew Fifleld, Co. G; must, out July 26, 1865.
Martin W. Holmes, Co. G; must, out July 26, 1865.
Rodney D. Johnson, Co. G; must, out July 26, 1865.
John Johnson, Co. G; must, out July 26, 1865.
Charles S. Marsh, Co. G; must, out July 26, 1865.
Michael O'Hara, Co. G; must, out July 26,1865.
Eugene D. Putney, Co. C,; must, out July 26, 1865.
Christopher Purchase, Co. G; must, out July 26, 1865.
John W. Rose, Co. G; must, out July 26, 1865.
Isaac Walter, Co. G; must, out July 26, 1865.
Christopher Wood, Co. G; must, out July 26, 1865.
Nathaniel Winans, Co. G; must. out July 26, 1865.
William C. Cook, Co. H; discb. Jan. 27, 1865, for wounds received Aug. 16, 1864.
Michael Schmoulder, Co. H; must, out May 27, 1865.
Charles T. Jeffers, Co. K; disch. in Sept. 1864, for promotion in U. S. C. T.
Lewis A. Briggs, Co. K; disch. for wounds, Dec. 24, 1864.
Marcus Hatch, Co. K; mustered out July 26, 1865.
Christopher Myers, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
Truman C. Baker, Co. K; must, out May 31, 1865.
Cyrus W. Elliott, Co. K; must, out May 27, 1865.
Peter Cook, Co. K; must, out June 6, 1865.
Wm. H. H. Dunn, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
Samuel G. Wright, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
William C. Farnham, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
William Kent, Co. K; must, out Aug. 7, 1865, from Vet. Res. Corps.
Solomon Armstrong, Co. K; must. out. July 26, 1865.
John Anderson, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
Horace A. Brockway, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
John D. Burgess, Co. K; must, out June 2, 1865.
John Beaver, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
Albert W. Bates, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865. .
John Corcoran, Co. K; must. out July 26, 1865.
Alexander Coleman, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
Stephen P. Choate, Co. K; must, out June 5, 1865.
Henry A. Clow, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865..
Martin Collar, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
Samuel Cressey, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
Isaac Chase, Co. K; must, out June 7, 1865.
Wilbur D. Dolph, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
Gilbert Ellis, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
James Fifleld, Co. K; must, out July 25, 1865, from Vet. Res. Corps.
John Greening, Co. K; must, out June 9, 1865.
Charles Harris, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1885.
John W. Huff, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
Marks H. Hyliard, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
Benjamin E. Hyliard, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
Alpheus W. Hammond, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
John Herwath, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
Marion Kink, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
Nathan B. Lewis, Co. K; must, out June 28.1865.
Thomas Lozler, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
Alfred J. Marks, Co. K; must, out May 26, 1865.
Henry McLean, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
Wellington Mickle, Co. K; must, out June 13, 1865.
James McDougall, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
John W. Osterhout, Co. K; must, out July 31, 1865, from Vet. Res. Corps.
Albert W. Potter, Co. K; disch. for disability, Feb. 22,1865.
Samuel L. Parsons, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
William Rutan, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
William L. Rurick, Co. K; must, out Aug. 7, 1865.
Gilbert H. Rurick, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
Huron (or Aaron) Rose, Co. K; disch. May 6, 1865.
Milo Rich, Co. K; must, out June 6, 1865.
Oshea F. Reyner, Co. K; disch. for wounds, Doc. 5, 1864.
Jacob Rhodes, Co. K; unst, out July 26, 1865.
Francis Sanderson, Co. K; must, out June 12, 1865.
John Snyder, Co. K; must, out Aug. 3, 1865, from Vet. Res. Corps.
Justus Stewart, Co. K; must, out Aug. 7, 1865.
George Sparks, Co. K; must, out June 10, 1865.
Christopher Shultz, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
James H. Smith, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
Charles St. John, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
Thomas H. Twist, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
James Todd, Co. K; must, out May 26, 1865.
Dnaue Van Dreisen, Co. K; disch, for disability, June 28, 1865.
Jonathan Washburn, Jr., Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
Solomon T. Worden, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
Patrick W. Welch, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
Alexander Wilkins, Co. K; must, out May 26, 1865.
Dennis Wright, Co. K; must, out May 30, 1865.
Peter Winters, Co. K; must, out June 10, 1865.
Charles Jorobman, Co. K; must, out July 26, 1865.
 
SECOND INDEPENDENT COMPANY OF SHARPSHOOTERS, ATTACHED TO TWENTY-SEVENTH INFANTRY.
William W. Wilkins, killed at Spotsylvania, Va., June 12, 1864.
James McHughes, killed at Cold Harbor, Va., June 6, 1864.
Leroy A. Button, killed at Petersburg, Va., June 17, 1864.
William L. Riggs, killed at Petersburg, Va., June 17, 1864.
Audrew Hillard, killed at North Anna, Va., May 20, 1864.
George F. Anderson, killed at Petersburg, Va., July 30, 1864.
Martin Winfield, killed at Petersburg, Va., July 30, 1864.
William H. Allen, killed at Petersburg, Va., June 24, 1864.
Jacob S. Conklin, died of wounds, May 10, 1864, at Fredericksburg, Viv.
Patrick Donnelly, died of wounds, June 29, 1864, at Washington, D. C.
Ira Norton, died of wounds, June 11, 1864, at White House, Va.
William Pierce, died of wounds, June 17, 1864.
Lewis Smith, died of wounds, Aug. 1, 1864.
William E. C. McCowan, died of wounds, Aug. 19, 1864.
Ed. H. Blackman, missing in action at Petersburg, Va., July 30, 1864.
Fred. Paskett, missing in action at Petersburg, Va., July 30, 1864.
George Wartzwig, missing in action at Petersburg, Va., July 30, 1864.
George H. Adams, must, out Oct. 18, 1865, from Vet. Res. Corps.
Sinwry Bohure, roust, out May 20, 1865.
John S. Blackmer, must. out July 26,1865.
Urial O. Chase, must, out Aug. 8, 1865.
Daniel D. Dunks, must, out May 31,1865.
E. K. Eastman, must, out Aug. 3, 1865, from Vet. Roe. Corps.
William R. Filkins, must, out July 26, 1865.
Abraham Frisbie, must, out July 26, 1865.
Albert Frantz, must, out July 26,1865.
James Graham, must, out May 18, 1865.
William Hoolihan, must, out July 26, 1865.
Joseph Hoolihan, must, out July 26, 1865.
Ira J. Knickerbocker, must, out June 23, 1865.
John E. Lewis, must, out Ang. 18, 1865, from Vet. Res. Corps.
Ismel Lozier, disch. for disability, March 13, 1865.
Scott Marshall, disch. May 4, 1865.
Timothy D. Porter, must, out June 17, 1865.
Joseph R. Phillips, disch. for disability, Jan. 20, 1865.
Franklin S. Peck, must, out June 24, 1865.
David L. Reynolds, must, out June 9, 1865.
George F. Smith, must, out May 29, 1865.
George Shrutt, must, out June 30, 1865.
James W. Stephens, disch. by order, June 7, 1865.
Frederick Wolf, must, out July 26, 1865.
Charles Wilkins, must, out July 26, 1865.
George Wenetig, disch. for disability, June 13, 1865.
Joseph Warwick, Jr., disch. for disability, June 20,1865.
William Wilson, roust, out Aug. 16, 1865.
Martin Wiuneld, must, out July 26, 1865.
James P. Young,must, out July 26, 1865.
Joseph Marvin, roust, out July 8, 1865.
 
THIRTIETH INFANTRY. 
On account of the numerous attempts made by the rebels to organize plundering raids in Canada against our northern border, authority was given by the War Department to the Governor of this State, in the autumn of 1864, to raise a regiment of infantry for one year's service, especially designed to guard the Michigan frontier. 
Its formation, under the name of the 30th Michigan Infantry, was begun at Jackson, on the 7th of November, 1864, and was completed at Detroit, on the 9th of January, 1865. 
Company G was principally recruited in this county, which furnished it with sixty members; Company C had seven Hillsdale County members; Company E, one; Company H, eleven ; Company K, five; making a total of eighty-nine.
When the organization was completed, the regiment was stationed at various points along the frontier, Company G being at Detroit, H at Fenton, etc. 
But the speedy collapse of the rebellion put an end to Canadian raids, and the regiment, though its will was good, had no active service to perform. 
It remained on duty until the 30th of June, 1865, when it was mustered out of service.
 
OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS FROM HILLSDALE COUNTY. 
George A. Douglass, commissioned Capt., Nov. 28, 1864; must, out June 30, 1865. 
William C. Campbell, com. 1st, Lieut. Nov. 28, 1864; must, out June 30, 1865. 
John A. Forbes, com. 2d Lieut. Nov. 28, 1864; must, out June 30, 1865. 
Orrin S. Davis, Co. G; died at Jackson, Mich., May 23, 1865. 
Irving S. Hill, Co. G; died at Detroit, Mich., Jan. 5, 1865. 
Byron Pierce, Co. C; must, out June 30, 1865. 
Eugene Reeves, Co. C; must, out June 30, 1865. 
John Benjamin, Jr., Co. C; must, out June 30, 1865. 
William Handyside, Co. C; must, out June 30, 1865. 
Israel King, Co. C; must. out June 30,1865. 
Francis Smith, Co. C; must, out June 30, 1865. 
John Scanow, Co. C; must, out June 30, 1865. 
Parker K. Allen, Co. E; must, out June 30, 1865. 
Wm. Ernest Lockwood, Co. H; must, out June 30, 1865. 
David Fox, Co. H; must, out June 30, 1865. 
Joseph Totten, Co. H; must, out June 30, 1865. 
Henry Humphrey, Co. H; must, out June 30, 1865. 
Edwin N. Douglass, Co. H; roust, out June 30, 1865. 
Eugene J. Olney, Vo. H; must, out June 30, 1865. 
Willard Hattell, Co. H; must, out June 30, 1865. 
Aaron B. Rauney, Co. H; must, out June 30, 1865. 
William J. Stone, Co. H; must, out June 30, 1865. 
Andrew C. Peterson, Co. H; must. out June 30, 1865. 
Walter C. Browning, Co. H; must. out June 30, 1865. 
William Ramsey, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865. 
Alfred E. Archibald, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865. 
William E. Aldrich, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865. 
John Arch, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865. 
Mathew Burt, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865. 
George Britton, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865. 
John Boone, Co. G; must. out June 30, 1865. 
Bernard A. Cook, Co. 0; must. out June 30, 1865. 
James M. Cutler, Co. G; must. out June 30, 1865. 
Homer A. Campbell, Co. G; must, ont June 30, 1865. 
Elijah W. Craig, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865. 
George E. Conant, Co. G; must , out June 30, 1865. 
Alvin Drake, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865. 
John F. Delamater, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865. 
George A. Davenport, Co. Q; must, out June 30, 1865. 
Charles H. Dean, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865. 
Charles B. Fowler, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865. 
George D. Gray, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865. 
Charles W. Goodale, Co. G: must. out June 30, 1865. 
Martin G. Hitchcock, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865. 
John Howland, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865. 
Alpheus F. Haas, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865. 
George D. Irish, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865. 
Ferdinand Kelsey, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865. 
Levi H. Kinney, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865. 
Charles Lockwood, Co. G; must. out. June 30, 1865.
Franklin Lewis, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865. .
Wm. R. Montgomery, Jr., Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
Alpheus D. Maloney, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
James H. Miller, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
Chester Martin, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
Charles Martin, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
John C. Moore, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
Reuben Moses, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
James H. Newell, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
Frank Nicholson, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
Edgar J. Older, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
Darwin Odell, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
Samuel Odell, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
John Petyt, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
Newton W. Piper, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
David W. Perry, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
James R. Quigley, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
John B. Robins, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
Burtis Robins, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
Seth Robbins, Co. G,; Must. out. June 30.1865
Frank W. Ralph, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
Steven R. Rowley, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
David S. Stone, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
Daniel Snyder, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
Seth J. Spitter, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
Martin V. B. Stranahan, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
Theodore Silvernail, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
Milton Shepardson, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
Franklin Stuck, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
Michael Spelman, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
Arvid S. Thomas, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
Stephen G. Updyke, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
Stephen G. Vanduyer, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
Lewis T. Worden, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
Arthur A. Walters, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
Gilbert D. Walmsley , Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
William H. Kelley, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
William Levanway, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
Daniel Morehouse, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
John T. Porter, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
Ezra W. Weaver, Co. G; must, out June 30, 1865.
 
THE FIRST SHARPSHOOTERS AND FIRST ENGINEERS AND MECHANICS.
Formation of the 1st Sharpshooters—After John Morgan—Hillsdale Representation—In the Wilderness—Nature of the Service— Heavy Loss at Spotsylvania—Cut off and Charging Back—Eighty-four Missing—Capturing Works without Results—Casualties in the Campaign—Defense of Fort Steadman—The 1st Regiment in Petersburg—The End—List of Members—Design of First Engineers and Mechanics—Hillsdale County Members—Services in Tennessee and Mississippi—Repulsing two Cavalry Brigades— Work in Middle Tennessee and Northern Alabama—Ordered to Atlanta—Hard Work on the March to the Sea—Closing Scenes— Disbanded—The Officers and Soldiers.
 
FIRST SHARPSHOOTERS.
The formation of the 1st Michigan Sharpshooters (which must be distinguished from the 1st United States Sharpshooters, though the latter was largely recruited in Michigan) was begun in the autumn of 1862. 
Its headquarters were at Kalamazoo, but were changed in the spring of 1863 to Dearborn. 
In the summer of that year six companies, all that were then formed, were ordered to Southern Indiana to check the progress of John Morgan and his rebel raiders, but they soon returned to Michigan, and the regiment had its ranks full by the 16th of August. 
One company (C) was mostly from Hillsdale County, seventy-six of its members hailing from that territory. 
Besides this there were, during the war, six Hillsdale County men in A company, thirty-four in B, three in E, five in P, three in H, and five in I, making one hundred and twenty-nine in all.
After guarding prisoners at Chicago until March 17, 1864, the regiment was ordered to Annapolis, Md., where it was assigned to the 2d Brigade, 3d Division, 9th Corps. 
It soon joined the Army of the Potomac, and met the enemy for the first time in the battle of the Wilderness, on the 6th and 7th of May, where it had twenty-four men killed and wounded. 
From their name the sharpshooters were evidently intended to act principally as skirmishers and advance guards, fighting in detail, picking off rebel officers and artillerists, and other similar work. 
But these careful arrangements regarding particular corps often do not work well in the rough practice of the battle-field, and the record of the body in question does not seem to have been seriously different from that of any other infantry regiment.
The sharpshooters behaved with great gallantry at the battles near Spottsylvania Court-House on the 9th, 10th, and 12th days of May, in which the regiment suffered severely, having thirty-four killed and one hundred and seventeen wounded. 
It also had a sharp skirmish at the crossing of the North Anna River, on the 23d of May. 
Although taking part in numerous skirmishes and other hostile operations, it was not again very warmly engaged until the charge made on the enemy's works before Petersburg on the 17th of June. 
The sharpshooters gallantly pushed their way into the intrenchments, and twice, with other regiments, met and repulsed the rebels who charged to recapture the works. 
At length, however, the rebels threw a large force in the rear of this regiment, it being on the extreme left of its corps, compelling it either to surrender or break through the enveloping lines. 
The men promptly chose the latter course, and by a rapid charge most of them made their way through and rejoined their comrades. 
The regiment had thirty-one killed, forty-six wounded, and eighty-four missing.
On the 30th of July the sharpshooters charged, in the advance of their brigade, on the works next to the fort which was blown up by the celebrated Petersburg mine, capturing the intrenchments and about fifty prisoners. 
As, however, the Union forces were unable to force their way through the blown-up fort, the regiment was obliged to retire. 
During the remainder of the summer and autumn it was engaged in trench and picket work, alternating with numerous conflicts, none of them very severe, yet sharp enough so that the casualties between the opening of the campaign and the 1st of November footed up one hundred and six killed in action and two hundred and twenty-seven wounded. 
Forty had also died of disease in the same time, and one hundred and fifty-eight were reported "missing in action," of whom some were killed, some were taken prisoners, and some had probably deserted.
The sharpshooters continued engaged in the arduous duties of the siege of Petersburg until the 25th of March, 1865. On that day Companies I and K were a part of the garrison of Fort Stead man. 
The rebels attacked that post, but were defeated with severe loss, the Union men charging out and capturing a large number of prisoners.
The end was now rapidly approaching. Nearly every regiment was kept constantly fighting, and the sharpshooters had their full share of the deadly work. 
On the 3d of April the regiment was ordered to move forward in the advance at half-past three in the morning, when it was found that the enemy had evacuated Petersburg. 
The column pushed on, and the 1st Michigan Sharpshooters were the foremost Union regiment to enter the city.
After doing service on the South Side Railroad until the surrender of Lee, the regiment went with its division to Washington. 
It remained in that vicinity until the last of July, when it returned to Jackson, Mich., and on the 7th of August was paid off and disbanded.
 
OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS FROM HILLSDALE COUNTY. 
Lucien Meigs, commissioned Capt., March 31, 1863; res. Aug. 9, 1864. 
William Clark, com. 1st. Lieut., March 31, 1863; res. May 3, 1864. 
Thomas R. Fowler, com. 1st Lieut., March 31, 1863; Capt., Aug. 15, 1861; disch. for disab., Oct. 16, 1864. 
Asahel R. Strong, com. asst. surg., Jan. 15, 1864; disch. for disability, July 9, 1864.
Leverets N. Case, com. 1st Lieut., Oct. 14, 1864; Capt., March 7,1865; brev. maj., April 2, 1865, for bravery before Petersburg. 
Francis Whipple, com. 1st Lieut., March 31, 1863; disch. for dlsab., Sept. 13, 1864. 
Albert P. Thomas, com. 2d Lieut., March 31, 1863; disch. for dlsab., Sept. 13, 1864. 
Matthew C. Sharp, Co. C; died at Chicago, Ill., Oct. 17, 1863. 
James G. Stombaugh, Co. C; died at Dearborn, Mich., July 5, 1863. 
Reuben Evy, Co. B; died of wounds, June 6, 1864. 
James Fullerton, Co. B; killed near Petersburg, Va., June 17, 1864. 
Alexander Wallace, Co. B; died of w'ds, June 23, 1864, at Annapolis June, Md. 
Sylvester M. Osborn, Co. B; killed at Spotsylvania, Va., May 12, 1864. 
Ellas Fullorton, Co. B; killed at Spotsylvania, Va., May 12, 1864. 
Charles Quance, Co. B; killed at Spotsylvania, Va., May 12, 1864. 
Clark Fox, Jr., Co. B; killed at Spotsylvania, Va., May 12, 1864. 
John Beck, Co. B; killed at North Anna River, Va., May 25, 1864. 
John B. Gilbert, Co. C; killed near Petersburg. Va., June 28, 1864. 
Alonzo B. Walls, Co. C; killed near Petersburg, Va., June 17, 1861. 
Warren Sharp, Co. C; died of wounds, near Petersburg, Va., July 13, 1864. 
Gilbert Morehouse, Co. C; died of wounds, near Petersburg, Va., June 22, 1864. 
Roland Mills, Co. C; died of wounds, near Petersburg, Va., June 17, 1864. 
John S. Vader, Co. C; killed in the Wilderness, Va., May 6, 1864. 
Randolph Betts, Co. C; killed at Spotsylvania, Va., May 12, 1864. 
Charles Fox, Co. B; died at Annapolis, Md., March 28, 1861. 
James Signs, Co. B; died at Camp Douglas, Ill., March 29, 1864. 
Charles A. Vliet, Co. C; killed accidentally on railroad, Feb. 8, 1864. 
Albert C. Baker, Co. C; died at Camp Douglas, Ill., Feb. 21, 1864. 
William M. Cummings, Co. C; died at Alexandria, Va., July 3, 1864. 
Willard Barnes, Co. C; died at City Point, Va., Aug. 19, 1864. 
Nicholas Crilley, Co. C; died.
James Larronay, Co. C; died at City Point, Va., Aug. 12, 1864.
Lncins P. Spencer, Co. C; died at David's Island, N. Y., July 24, 1864.
Hiram Pierce, Co. C; died at Reading, Mich., Sept. 7, 1864.
Lafayette Weston, Co. C; died at Annapolis, Md., Oct. 27, 1864.
Joseph Crawford, Co. C; died at Annapolis, Md., March 31, 1864.
Francis Urie, Co. C; missing near Petersburg, Va., July 30, 1861; returned.
Stauley W. Turner, Co. C; missing near Petersburg, Va., July 30, 1864 ; returned.
Milo Osterhout, Co. H; missing near Petersburg, Va., June 17, 1861; returned.
Daniel Cross, Co. C; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps., Jan. 15, 1864.
George W. Wainor, N. C. S.; disch. for disability, Sept. 16, 1861.
Charles H. Field, Co. C; killed near Petersburg, Va., March 29, 1865.
Clark Fox, Sr., Co. B; died at Andersonville, Oa., Aug. 27, 1864.
Cyrus Face, Co. B; died at Andersonville, Ga., Sept. 9, 1864.
Augustus H. Ferris, Co. 0,; died at Salisbury, N. C, June 5, 1865.
Russell T. Lawrence, Co. C; died at Alexandria. Va., Dec. 2, 1864.
William 0. Clemens, Co. C; died at Andersonville, Ga., July 25, 1864.
Alfred Davis, Co. C; died on hospital boat, Oct. 15, 1861.
Nathan J. Cahon, Co. H; died at Andersonville, Ga., Aug. 13, 1864.
Jndson Eldred, Co. C; disch. for disability, Sept. 16, 1863.
James Scoby, Co. C; disch. for disability, June 16, 1861.
Silas Beckworth, Co. C; disch. for disability.
Theodore V. Purdy, N. C. S.; must, out July 28, 1865.
Albert H. Keating, N. C. 8.; must, out July 28, 1865.
George W. Crisler, Co. A; must, out Sept. 6, 1865, from Vet. Res. Corps.
Daniel Fisher, Co. A; must, out May 12, 1865.
William R. Branyan, Co. A: must, out June 24, 1865.
Henry Duile, Co. A; disch. by order.
John B. Eaton, Co. A; disch. by order.
Osborn Sheeley, Co. A; disch. by order.
Joseph Stevens, Co. B; must, out June 2, 1865.
Ralph McClellan, Co. B; must, out June 2, 1865.
George W. Barnes, Co. B; must, out July 28, 1865.
William Bryant, Co. B; must, out July 28, 1865.
Henry Burton, Co. B; must, out July 28, 1865.
Peter Demarest, Co. B; must, out July 28, 1865.
Andrew H. Face, Co. B; must, out June 13, 1865.
Benjamin Hosmer, Co. B; must, out July 28, 1865.
Marvin Maloney, Co. B; must, out July 28, 1865.
Chester R. Phillips, Co. B; must, out July 28, 1865.
Albert Quance, Co. B; disch. for disability, June 26, 1865.
Harrison Snyder, Co. B; must, out July 28, 1865.
Colland Stafford, Co. B; must, out July 1, 1865.
Charles Stafford, Co. B; must, out July 28, 1865.
John ll. Sweet, Co. B; must, out Aug. 14, 1865.
Irwin Stocker, Co. B; must, out July 28, 1865.
William W. Wells, Co. B; must, out July 28, 1865.
Orion Hopkins, Co. B; must, out Aug. 14, 1865.
Charles W. Lake, Co. C; disch. for disability, Jan. 7, 1865.
William C. Hughes, Co. C; must, out July 28, 1865.
James S. Adams, Co. C; must. out.
Lewis C. Adams, Co. C; must, out July 28, 1865.
Andrew Bailey, Co. C; must, nut July 28, 1865.
Spencer Beard, Co. C; must, out Aug. 7, 1865.
William Burroughs, Co. C; disch. for disability, Dec. 15, 1864.
Albert H. Cook, Co. C; must, out July 28, 1865.
George Davis, Co. C; must, out Aug. 5, 1865.
John D. Evans, Co. C; must, out July 28, 1865.
Jedediah Grey, Co. C; disch. May 8, 1865.
William H. Guy, Co. C; must, out Ang. 14, 1865.
Amos Hoffman, Co. C; disch. for disability, March 3, 1865.
John D. Hunt, Co. C; must, out July 28, 1865.
Joel B. Haynes, Co. C; must, out May 31, 1865.
George D. Lenhart, Co. C; must, out July 28, 1865.
James McConuell, Co. C; must, out July 28, 1865.
John W. Potter, Co. C; disch. for disability, May 9, 1865.
Job Priest, Co. C; must, out July 28, 1865.
Augustus Ransom, Co. C; must, out July 28, 1865.
Zina D. Ransom, Co. C; must, out May 29, 1865.
William C. Raymond, Co. C.
Nathaniel Rogers, Co. C; must, out Aug. 19, 1865.
Andrew J. Savage, Co. C; must, out July 28, 1865.
Aioiieo B. Smith, Co. C; must, out July 28, 1865.
John H. Spencer, Co. C; must, out July 28, 1865.
Eugene A. Taylor, Co. C; must, out Aug. 11, 1865, from Vet. Res. Corps.
Thomas Urie, Co. C; must, out June 7, 1865.
William Wagner, Co. C; must, out Aug. 14, 1865.
Eliphatet Barber, Co. C; disch. by writ of habeas corpus, May 2, 1863.
Charles E. Nichols, Co. C; must, out Aug. 14, 1865.
Alexander Cahon, Co. C; must, out July 28, 1865.
John W. Lathrop, Co. C; must, out June 8, 1865.
Almond C. Abbott, Co. C; must, out July 28, 1865.
Loman C. Abbott, Co. C; must, out June 6, 1865.
Franklin Palmer, Co. C; must, out June 5, 1865.
Franklin Bell, Co. C; must, out July 28, 1865.
Levi J. Faulk, Co. C; must, out July 14, 1865.
Stauley W. Turner, Co. C; must, out June 13, 1865.
Daniel Teachout, Co. E; must, out July 28, 1865.
James B. Height, Co. E; disch. for disability, Feb. 28,1865.
Peter Hagerman, Co. E; must, out July 28, 1865.
George C. Dean, Co. F; must, out July 28, 1865.
Frank McClelland, Co. F; must, out June 3, 1865.
Alfred D. Nobles, Co. F; must, out June 3, 1865.
Edward P. Robbins, Co. F; must, out June 7, 1865.
Oliver Sharp, Co. F; must, out June 7, 1865.
Cornelius Youngs, Jr., Co. I; must, out Aug. 14, 1865.
Josiah Walker, Co. I; must, out June 26, 1865.
Riley Wilson, Co. I; must, out June 2, 1865.
Joseph Wickham, Co. I; must, out June 2, 1865.
Stephen W. Wickham, Co. I; must, out June 2, 1865.
 
FIRST ENGINEERS AND MECHANICS.
The regiment bearing this name was raised in the summer and autumn of 1861, its rendezvous being at Marshall, Calhoun County. 
It was intended, as its name implies, to be principally employed in the numerous kinds of mechanical and engineering work incident to the operations of an army, and, unlike many other special organizations, it was largely used for the purpose originally designed. 
It was also armed with infantry weapons, and, whenever called on, its members showed themselves as prompt in battle as they were skillful in labor. 
There were thirty-three members from Hillsdale County, distributed among nine companies, as follows: Company A, six; Company B, three; Company D, one; Company E, two; Company F, one; Company G, five; Company H, eight; Company I, one; Company K, four; non-commissioned staff, one.
The regiment left Marshall on the 17th of December, 1861, for Louisville, Ky., and, after the capture of Fort Donnellson opened Tennessee to the Union army, the 1st Engineers, and Mechanics was speedily at work in that State. 
Owing to the nature of the service required of them they were employed in detachments, and it would be impracticable to trace them through the half of their numerous locations, marches, and labors. 
Immediately after the battle of Pittsburg Landing, the regiment was engaged eight weeks in constructing steamboat-landings. 
In June, 1862, it built seven bridges on the Memphis and Charleston Railroad, ranging from eighty to three hundred and fifty feet in length. 
It was also engaged throughout the season in opening and repairing railroads in Kentucky, Tennessee, and Northern Alabama and Mississippi.
While at Lavergne, Tenn., on the 1st of January, 1863, a part of the regiment was attacked by two brigades of rebel cavalry, under Generals Wheeler and Wharton, with two pieces of artillery, but succeeded in defeating them, with serious loss. 
During the year the regiment, divided into detachments, was almost constantly engaged in building bridges, making pontoons, and other similar work, in Tennessee and Northern Alabama. 
One of the bridges (over Elk River, Tenn.) was four hundred and sixty feet long.
The same work was continued through the greater part of 1864 and in the same localities,—mostly in the vicinity of Chattanooga, Bridgeport, Stevenson, and Decatur.
The men whose terms had expired were mustered out in October, but there were enough re-enlisted men and recruits, so that the force was kept up nearly to its original strength.
About the 1st of November the regiment, except two companies, was transferred to Atlanta, Ga., where it destroyed an immense number of rebel foundries, rolling mills, etc., and then marched, with Sherman's army, through to Savannah, being obliged to keep up with the army and work hard destroying railroads, etc., at the same time. 
After several weeks' labor, fortifying Savannah, the regiment proceeded with Sherman through the Carolinas, and thence to Washington. 
In June it was sent to Nashville, where it was employed on the defenses until the latter part of September. 
It was disbanded at Jackson, Mich., on the 1st of October, 1865.
 
OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS FROM HILLSDALE COUNTY.
Caleb A. Ensign, commissioned lst-Lieut. Dec. 8,1863; 1st Lieut., March 11,1864; must, out Sent. 22,1865.
Jacob Shafer, Co. H; died Dec. 20, 1862.
Anson R. Eddy, Co. H; died of wounds, Oct. 10, 1862, at Perrysville, Ky.
Simeon Hicks, Co. B; died at Evansville, Ind., Jan. 3, 1864.
George Shafer, Co. I; died at Cartersville, Ga., Sept. 7, 1864.
Christopher Kinney, Co. E; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps.
Hiram Carey, Co. A; disch. for disability, Nov. 17, 1862.
John Price, Co. n; disch. for disability, June 21, 1862.
Jeremiah Gardner, Co. A; disch. for disability, March 9, 1863.
John D. Shoemaker, Co. G; disch. for disability, June 18, 1863.
Edwin Smith, Co. A; disch. at expiration of service, Oct. 31, 1864.
John Pittswood, Co. D; disch. at expiration of service, Oct. 31, 1861.
Albert Roberts, Co. H; disch. at expiration of service, Oct. 31, 1864.
Harmon S. Wood, Co. K; disch. for disability, Dec. 26, 1863.
Albert M. Wells, Co. K; disch. at expiration of service, Oct. 31, 1864.
Jnmea B. Lyon, Co. H; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Jan. 1, 1864.
William Hedden, Co. K; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Feb. 14, 1864.
Benjamin F. Edwards, N. C. S.; disch. at expiration of service, Oct. 31, 1864.
Hiram Carey, Co. A; disch. for disability, Nov. 17, 1862.
Edgar A. Shattuck, Co. A; must. out at Nashville, Tenn., Sept. 22, 1865.
Georgo A. Hicks, Co. B; must, out at Nashville, Tenn., Sept. 22, 1865.
John W. Covert, Co. E; disch. by order, June 6, 1865.
Freeman Fuller, Co. F; disch. by order, July 7, 1865.
Henry J. Devoe, Co. G; must, out at Nashville, Tenn., Sept. 22, 1865.
Alfred Phillips, Co. G; must, out at Nashville, Tenn., Sept. 22, 1865.
Samuel J. Hoot, Co. G; must, out at Nashville, Tenn., Sept. 22, 1865.
Euelid Hubbard, Co. G; must, out at Nashville, Tenn., Sept. 22, 1865.
George Carlow, Co. H; must, out at Nashville, Tenn., Sept. 22, 1865.
Jonathan D. Butler, Co. H; must, out at Nashville, Tenn., Sept. 22, 1865.
Daniel Bolles, Co. I; must, out at Nashville, Tenn., Sept. 22, 1865.
Peleg G. Roberts, Co. K; disch. by order, Sept. 9,1862.
 
CHAPTER XVII.
SECOND, FOURTH, AND SEVENTH CAVALHY.
Nature of Cavalry Service—Hillsdale County Men in the 2d Michigan — Services on the Mississippi—Granger and Sheridan—Around Corinth—The 2d in Kentucky and Tennessee—Capturing Artillery— In the Advance in the Georgia Campaign—Fighting Forrest again —In the Battle of Franklin—A Long Raid—The End—List of Members—Hillsdale in the 4th Cavalry—That Regiment in Kentucky and Tennessee—Breaking up a Rebel Camp—The Advance to Chattanooga—Used-up Horses—Marching through Georgia— Fight at Lattimore’s Mill—Horses again Worn Out—Remounted and on the Wing—Another Long Raid—Storming the Entrenchments at Selma—On to Georgia—Capture of Jefferson Davis—List of Members—The 7th Cavalry and its Hillsdale Men—The Severe Cavalry Fight at Gettysburg—Losses in the Campaign—Kilpatrick's Raid—The Battle of Yellow Church--The Battle of Crooked Run—Sheridan's Raid to the James—Ordered to Colorado—Some Transferred, the rest Mustered Out—The Transferred Men also Disbanded—Officers and Soldiers.
 
SECOND CAVALRY.
Although the cavalry branch of the army was not brought into as many close engagements as the infantry, and consequently suffered less in killed and wounded, yet its service was of an extremely arduous description, compelling the men to be almost constantly in the saddle, to ride day and night for hundreds of miles, and sometimes to travel more than a thousand miles on a single excursion.
Of all the regiments in this branch of the service, the 2d Michigan Cavalry was one of the bravest and most faithful, and was also made especially conspicuous by the high rank attained by two of its commanders.
The regiment was recruited at Grand Rapids, in the summer and autumn of 1861, attaining a strength of twelve companies, with eleven hundred and sixty-three men. 
Company G, commanded by Capt. Frederick Fowler, of Reading, was entirely from this county, and during the war numbered a hundred and twenty-seven Hillsdale County men in its ranks. 
Besides this there were one from that county in Company A, six in Company B, three in Company C, three in Company D, one in Company E, two in Company K, and twenty-two in Company M; making a total of a hundred and sixty-five.
The regiment left Grand Rapids on the 14th of November, going to St. Louis, where it remained during the winter. 
Its colonel was Gordon Granger, who at the time of his appointment was a captain in the regular army. 
In March, 1862, it took part in the operations near New Madrid and Island No. 10. 
In May it went, to the vicinity of Corinth. 
At this period Col. Granger was promoted to brigadier-general of volunteers. 
He afterwards became major-general of volunteers, colonel and brevet major-general in the regular army, and one of the most distinguished of the Union commanders, excepting only a very few of the most renowned leaders. 
His place as colonel was supplied by the appointment of Philip H. Sheridan, also a young captain in the regular army, destined to still wider celebrity than Gen. Granger, so wide indeed that it would be superfluous to give even a line in description of his career.
Under Col. Sheridan, who commanded the brigade, the 2nd was busily engaged through the summer scouting in all directions around Corinth. 
In September it took part in the battle of Iuka, near Corinth. 
About this time Col. Sheridan was appointed a brigadier-general of volunteers, and was assigned to an infantry command. 
Lieut.-Col. Campbell was made colonel, and Capt. Fowler, before mentioned, was commissioned as lieutenant-colonel.
In October the regiment was sent to Kentucky, and had its headquarters in that State until the forepart of February, 1863, though in December and January it made a raid into East Tennessee, which occupied twenty-two days. 
In February it removed to Nashville, and during the spring was constantly engaged in scouting and skirmishing in that part of Tennessee. 
On the 25th of March it was engaged in a severe fight with a large rebel cavalry force, under the celebrated Forrest, whom it defeated, capturing fifty-two prisoners, with slight loss. 
In June it moved forward with the army, and in September had made its way into the mountains west and south of Chattanooga.
Then for about four months it was busy in Middle Tennessee. 
In January, 1864, it went to East Tennessee, where, as elsewhere, it was hardly ever at rest. 
On the 27th of January it took part in an attack on a brigade of rebel cavalry, capturing three pieces of artillery and seventy-five prisoners. 
In May the regiment moved with Sherman's army in the Georgia campaign. 
It was generally in the advance, and day after day was engaged in the skirmishing and scouting which, though it makes no great show in the list of victories, is absolutely necessary to the safety of an army.
The last of June the 2d returned to Middle Tennessee, where it had a dozen or two more conflicts with Forrest, Wheeler, and other rebel cavalry leaders, generally driving them, but being sometimes obliged to fall back. 
On the 13th of November it was in the battle of Franklin, having eighteen men killed and wounded. 
During the winter the same old work was continued in Middle Tennessee, the regiment sometimes crossing the Tennessee River on improvised means of transportation, and making matters lively for the rebels on the other side.
A very extensive movement was begun on the 11th of March, 1865, when the 2nd set out from Waterloo, Tenn., crossed the Tennessee River, marched to Chickasaw, Ala., remained there till the 22d, marched on through numerous towns of the northern and central parts of that State, never before visited by hostile troops, swam the Black Warrior River on the 29th of March, and again on the 1st of April, and on the 3d arrived at Tuscaloosa, the former capital of Alabama; surprising the pickets and capturing the city, three cannon, and a considerable number of prisoners. 
Thence they marched on, swimming numerous streams, driving off the enemy when he came too near, and reaching Talladega on the 22d of April. 
This was the end of the fighting, but the regiment marched on several hundred miles to Macon, Ga., where it arrived on the 1st of May, and where it obtained its first rest in nearly two months.
It was afterwards employed in detachments to garrison various points in Georgia, and in August was sent home, being disbanded at Jackson, Mich., on the twenty-sixth of that month.
 
OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS FROM HILLSDALE COUNTY. 
Frederick Fowler, commissioned Capt., Sept. 2, 1861; Lieut.-col., Dec. 1862; res. May 2, 1863.
Jasper A. Waterman, com. 1st Lieut., Sept , 2, 1861; res. Sept. 8,1862.
James Hawley, com. 2d Lieut., Sept. 2, 1861; 1st Lieut., Sept, 8, 1862; Capt., Jan. 30,1861; killed at Chickamauga, on staff of Gen. Stauley, Sept. 20, 1863. 
Robcrt Taylor, app. chap. Sept, 4,1862; res. Feb. 10, 1864.
Samuel V. Robertson, com.2d Lieut., May 2, 1863; 1st-Lieut., March 1,1864; Capt., Dec. 1, 1864; must, out Aug. 17,1865. 
F. Byron Cutler, com. 2d Lieut., June 9, 1862; res. May 2, 1863. 
Edwin Eddy, com. 2d Lieut., March 1, 1864; res. Nov. 19, 1864. 
Joseph Palmer, com. 1st Lieut., Oct. 22, 1864; must, out Aug. 17, 1861. 
Warren Bowen, com. 2d Lieut., Dec. 31, 1864; 1st Lieut., 1865; must, out with regt.
Jerry Arnold, Co. G; died at New Madrid, April 14, 1862. 
James E. Ainsworth, Co. G; died at Rienzi, Miss., July 15, 1862. 
William Ashley, Co. G; died at Camp Benton, Mo., Feb. 14, 1862. 
William Brock, Co. G; died at Reading, Mich., May 25, 1862. 
Austin Cone, Co. G; died at Farmington, Miss., June 16, 1862. 
Alton S. Ford, Co. G; died at Jefferson, Mich., May 22, 1862. 
Ausel Fleetwood, Co. G; died at New Madrid, Mo., April 11, 1862. 
William Tuttle, Co. G; died at Camp Benton, Mo., Dec. 4, 1861. 
Norman Benedict, Co. G; died at Keokuk, Iowa. 
Darwin E. Brown, Co, G; died at Keokuk, Iowa. 
Robert H. Cowan, Co. M; died at New Madrid, Mo., April 10, 1862. 
Hiram J. Harris, Co. M; died at St. Louis, Mo., May 31, 1862. 
Ezra W. Norcutt, Co. M; died April 3, 1862. 
Clement C. Hutton, Co. M; died at Rienzi, Miss., Aug. 11, 1862. 
J. H. Norton, Co. G; died at Nicholsville, Ky., Sept. 1, 1863.
Martin Williams, Co. G; killed at Chattanooga, Tenn., Oct. 8, 1863.
Owen W. McManus, Co. M; killed at Florence, Ala., Sept. 7, 1864.
William H. Graves Co. G; died at Nashville, Tenn., Nov. 12, 1863.
Warren B. Narcott, Co. M; died at Franklin, Tenn., Aug. 21, 1864.
Israel P. Bates, Co. G; trans, to Vet, Res. Corps, April 10, 1864.
Nathaniel Keith, Co. G; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps, Fob. 15, 1864.
Joseph L. Long, Co. G; killed at Tuscaloosa. Ala., April 3, 1865.
William Price, Co. G; killed at Franklin, Tenn., Nov. 30, 1864.
John A. Carny, Co. G; died of wounds, April 4, 1861, at Nashville, Tenn.
William B. Martin, Co. G; died at Chattanooga, Tenn., Oct. 8, 1863.
Bradley I. Wilson, Co. G; died at Richmond, Va., Nov.3, 1863.
Comstock Maples, Co. M; died at Louisville, Ky., Dec. 13, 1864.
Charles Mapes, Co. M; died at Nashville, Tenn., Nov. 15, 1864.
George W. Baker, Co. G; trans, to 2d Mich. Bat.
Michael Mclntyre, Co. G; trans, to 3d Mich. Cav., Nov. 1, 1861.
Warren D. Collatimus, Co. G; disch. for disability.
Liberty Straw, Co. G; disch. for disability, June 6, 1862.
Grove S. Bartholomew, Co. G; disch. for disability, March 16, 1862.
Henry H. Ferris, Co. G; disch. for disability, Feb. 14,1862.
William Hughs, Co. G; disch. for disability, March 17, 1862.
Sylvester H. Kellogg, Co. G; disch. for disability, Feb. 17, 1862.
Aymour R. Shannon, Co. G; disch. for disability.
William A. Brown, Co. G; disch. for disability, April 5, 1862.
Byron J. Day, Co. G; disch. for disability, Nov. 21, 1862.
Jonathan B. Somers, Co. G; disch. for disability, Sept , 26, 1862.
Harvey Wilson, Co. G; disch. for disability, Dec. 18, 1862.
William A. Vanhorn, Co. G; disch. for disability, Sept , 8, 1862.
James A. Taylor, Co. G; disch. for disability, Sept. 9, 1862.
Clarence H. Chapman, Co. G; disch. for disability, July 12, 1862.
Otis F. Packard, Co. G; disch. for disability, July 3, 1862.
Samuel Wheaton, Co. G; disch. for disability, Sept , 10, 1862.
George Perkins, Co. G; disch. for disability.
Royal B. Ames, Co. G; disch. for disability, Sept. 15, 1862.
John Forquer, Co. G; disch. for disability.
Cornelius M. Gregory, Co. G; discharged for disability.
Horace W. Titus, Co. G; disch. for disability. Sept , 11, 1862.
James Appleton, Co. G; disch. for disability, Sept. 11, 1862.
John Pease, Co. G; disch. for disability, Oct, 15, 1862.
William H. Barrett, Co. G; disch. for disability, Oct, 15, 1862.
Homer H. Kidder, Co. G; disch. for disability, Oct , 3, 1862.
Thaddeus M. Southworth, Co. M; disch. for disability, May 2, 1862.
Robert Wilson, Co. M; disch. for disability, Sept. 27, 1862.
Audrew Peterson, Co. B; disch. for disability, April 4. 1863.
A. J. Filkins, Co. D; disch. for disability, March 21, 1863.
John H. Stage, Co. D; disch. for disability, July 14, 1863.
Ralph Bailey, Co. G; disch. for disability, Nov. 13, 1863.
Jabez H. Moses, Co. G; disch. for disability, March 30, 1863.
John B. Harrington, Co. G; disch. for disability, May 1, 1863.
Arthur Walter, Co. G; disch. for disability, Aug. 5, 1863.
Nicholas Tibits, Co. G; disch. for disability, Aug. 6, 1863.
Walter B. Straw, Co. G; disch. for disability, Aug. I1, 1863.
Austin Winney, Co. K; disch. tor disability, May 20, 1863.
Stephen Turner, Co. G; disch. by order, Oct. 27, 1863.
Wm. Davenport, Co. G; disch. by order, Jan. 24, 1863.
James Thompson, Co. G; disch. at expiration of service, Oct. 1, 1864.
George A. Douglas, Co. G; disch. at expiration of service, Oct. 1, 1864.
William C. Campbell, Co. G; disch. at expiration of service, Oct. 1, 1864.
Hugh Longhey, Co. G; disch. at expiration of service, Oct. 1, 1864.
Charles Vanderburg, Co. G; disch. at expiration of service, Oct. 1, 1864. 
Joshua Henry, Co. G; disch. at expiration of service, Oct. 1,1864. 
Judah Reed, Co. G; disch. at expiration of service, Oct. 1, 1864. 
Joseph Sturdevant, Co. G; disch, at expiration of service, Oct. 1, 1864. 
Theron D. Walters, Co. G; disch. at expiration of service, Oct. 1,1864. 
Ephraim B. Briggs, Co. G; disch. at expiration of service, Oct. 1, 1864. 
Nelson E. Kidder, Co. G; disch. at expiration of service, Oct. 1, 1864. 
Thomas O'Brien, Co. M; disch. in Jan. 1863. 
John Aulsbro, Co. G; disch. to re-enl. as vet., Jan 5, 1864. 
Charles S. Beckwith, Co. G; disch. to re-enl. as vet., Jan. 5, 1864. 
Washington J. Bulson, Co. G; disch. to re-enl. as vet., Jan. 5, 1864. 
James Burt, Co. G; disch. to re-enl. as vet., Jan. 5,1861. 
Eben H. Dunton, Co. G; disch. to re-enl. as vet., Jan. 5, 1864. 
Eli R. Forquer, Co. G; disch. to re-enl. as vet., Jan. 5, 1864. 
Richard Morrison, Co. G; disch. to re-enl. as vet., Jan 5, 1864. 
Abram F. Pierce, Co. G; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Jan. 5,1864. 
Gabriel See, Co. G; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Jan. 5, 1864. 
Charles Wooster, Co. G; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Jan. 5, 1864. 
Frank L. Weston, Co. G; disch. lo re-enl. as veteran, Jan. 5, 1864. 
Owen McManus, Co. M; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Jan. 5, 1864. 
Friend Alvord, Co. A; must, out July 17, 1865. 
Henry Jones, Co. B; must, out Aug. 17, 1865. 
Sylvester J. Olmstead, Co. B; must, out June 29, 1865. 
Wilbur Showler, Co. B; must, out June 26, 1865. 
Reuben D. Bowen, Co. B; must, out June 27, 1865. 
William Carson, Co. C; must, out June 6, 1865. 
Patrick Doolin, Co. C; must, out Aug. 25, 1865. 
David B. Finn, Co. C; Aug. 17, 1865. 
Merrick G. Blood, Co. D; must, out Aug. 17, 1860. 
Roderick C. Phillip, Co. E; must, out Aug. 17, 1865. 
Peter Keefer, Co. F; must, out June 13, 1865. 
Henry Zupp, Co. F; disch. for disability, July 28, 1861. 
Wells W. Gates, Co. G; must, out Aug. 17, 1865. 
Frank H. Proctor, Co. G; disch. for disability, May 3, 1865. 
Henry H. Brown, Co. G; disch. for disability, June 16, 1865. 
Warren Bowen, Co. G; must, out Aug. 17, 1865. 
Leander Birdsall, Co. G; must, out Aug. 17, 1865. 
Oscar H. Duncan, Co. G; must, out Aug. 30, 1865. 
Joseph Fitzgerald, Co. G; must, out Aug. 30, 18665. 
George A. Munger, Co. G; must, out Aug. 30, 1860. 
Chauncey L. Howell, Co. G; must, out Aug. 17, 1865. 
John F. Howell, Co. G; must, out Aug. 17, 1865. 
Isaac McCurdy, Co. G; must, out Aug. 17, 1865. 
Robert McDougal, Co. G; disch. by order, June 13, 1861. 
James Y. Mesick, Co. G; must, out Aug. 31, 1865. 
AlouzoS. Mulliken, Co. G; must, out Aug. 17, 1865. 
Oscar D. Nulton, Co. G; disch. June 2, 1863. 
William H. Vandewalker, Co. G; disch. at expiration of service, Oct. 22, 1864.
Burdett S. Waldo, Co. G; must, out Aug. 17, 1865.
Porter Yates, Co. G; must, out June 21, 1865.
William C. Howell, Co. G; must, out June 21, 1865.
Charles M. Hannah, Co. G; must, out June 21, 1865.
John B. Mulliken, Co. G; must, out June 8, 1865.
Alonzo Alsbo, Co. G; must, out June 21, 1865.
John A. White, Co. G; must out June 21, 1865.
William Howe, Co. G; must, out June 21, 1865.
George W. Burt, Co. G; must, out June 21, 1865.
Andrew I. Armdon, Co. G; must, out June 8, 1865.
David McDuffie, Co. G; must, out May, 1866.
Francis E. Bird, Co. G; must, out June 21, 1865.
Edward C. Smith, Co. G; must, out June 21, 1865.
Jefferson M. Campbell, Co. G; disch. for disability, July 17, 1865.
Reuben Vickers, Co. G; must, out June 21, 1865.
William W. Taylor, Co. G; must, out June 21, 1865.
Christopher Wansley, Co. G; must, out June 3, 1865.
Erasmus Wilbur, Co. G; must, out June 3, 1865.
Philip R. Bowen, Co. G; must, out June 21, 1865.
Zachariah Kemp, Co. G; must, out Aug. 17, 1865.
Seymour F. Smith, Co. G; must, out May 17, 1865.
Marion Harris, Co. K; must, out Aug. 31, 1865.
William Birdsall, Co. M; disch. at expiration of service, April 17, 1865.
James Beddon, Co. M; must, out Aug. 30, 1865.
William A. Case, Co. M; mint, out Aug. 17, 1865.
Samuel Williams. Co. M; must, out Aug. 17, 1865.
Benjamin Ayers, Co. M; disch. May 26, 1865.
Richard Phillips, Co. M; must, out Sept. 7, 1865.
Sidney R. Smith, Co. M; must, out Aug. 17, 1865.
 
FOURTH CAVALRY.
This regiment was raised in July and August, 1862, under the call for new troops, resulting from the disasters of McClellan's Peninsular campaign. 
The rendezvous was at Detroit, and the regiment was mustered in on the 29th of August. 
The men of Hillsdale County who served in its ranks during the war numbered twenty-six in Company F, twelve in G, one in B, and one in H.
In September the regiment set out for Kentucky, where it was soon chasing Morgan's guerrillas; leading the attack on Lebanon two miles before the infantry, driving out Morgan with an equal or superior force, and capturing a large amount of stores. 
On the 13th of December the regiment, by a forced march, surprised and captured the pickets at Franklin, Tenn., driving out a large force of the enemy with heavy loss. 
It led the extreme advance to Murfreesboro', and after the capture of that place was engaged in numerous excursions, driving back the enemy's cavalry, which infested the county, and capturing several hundred prisoners.
In May, 1863, followed by detachments of other regiments, the 4th led a gallant charge into the camp of three Confederate regiments of cavalry, routed them, and took fifty-five prisoners and the colors of the 1st Alabama. 
When the Army of the Cumberland advanced from Murfreesboro', in June, the 4th was again on the lead and engaged in innumerable conflicts. 
It was always successful until it reached the vicinity of Chattanooga, when it was several times driven back by the enemy. 
The season's service was so severe that on the 1st of November only about three hundred men were mounted.
After constant service through the winter, mounted and dismounted, among the mountains of Southeastern Tennessee, the regiment returned to Nashville the last of March, where it received fresh horses and new equipments. 
It then returned to Sherman's army, which it accompanied in the Georgia campaign, constantly engaged in the same kind of arduous service before described. 
Its hardest conflict was on the 20th of June, at Lattimore's Mill, when, with the 7th Pennsylvania Cavalry, it engaged three brigades of rebel cavalry. 
It twice charged the enemy with the sabre, and repulsed several charges made by them. 
Having finally fallen back to its supports, it aided in meeting an attack by Gen. Wheeler's whole force, which was driven back with heavy loss. 
In this affair the regiment, which had about three hundred men present, had thirty-seven killed and wounded.
After the capture of Atlanta the mounted men of the regiment followed Hood's army northward nearly to the Tennessee River, harassing his rear, capturing prisoners, etc. 
By this time all the horses but about a hundred were again worn out. 
These were transferred to another command, and the 4th was reunited on foot at Nashville in October. 
It was remounted at Louisville, Ky., and by the last of January, 1865, was at Gravelly Springs, Ala.
Leaving there the 12th of March, it set out with other regiments on a long raid through Alabama, swimming rivers, building corduroy roads, seizing towns, capturing Forrest's artillery, and finally capturing the city of Selma, defended by very elaborate fortifications and by at least seven thousand men under Gen. Forrest. 
At one point fifteen hundred dismounted cavalry, of which the 4th was a part, charged the intrenchments and captured them in twenty minutes, having had three hundred and twenty-four men killed and wounded. 
This was on the 2d of April. 
On the 20th, after numerous adventures, the command reached Macon, Ga., where the news of the surrender of the rebel armies caused the cessation of fighting.
The 4th, however, gained still another title to renown by capturing the rebel president, Jefferson Davis, near Abbeville, Ga., on the 10th of April, 1865. 
The regiment soon after marched to Nashville, where it was mustered out on the 1st of July; being disbanded at Detroit on the 10th. 
The list of its battles and skirmishes numbered ninety-four. 
Few of them, it is true, were very severe, but the number shows that the regiment didn't "let the grass grow under its horses' feet."
     
OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS FROM HILLSDALE COUNTY. 
Wilford Bates, appointed assistant surgeon, Starch 16,1865; not must. 
Isaac T. Birdsell, Co. G; died at Nashville, Tenn., Jan. 8, 1863. 
Levi R. Watkins, Co. D; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps, April 30, 1861. 
John F. Wagner, Co. F; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps, April 16, 186*. 
Nelson Higgins, Co. F; died at Chattanooga, Tenn., June 17, 1864. 
Alfred Hall, Co. G; died at Memphis, Tenn., Feb. 9, 1865. 
William A. Lamb, Co. F; disch. for disability, Feb. 3,1863. 
J. G. Robb, Co. F; disch. for disability, March 22, 1863. 
Henry O'Neil, Co. G; disch. for disability, Feb. 4, 1863. 
Jackson Pardee, Co. G; disch. fir disability. May 8, 1863. 
Henry Rynes, Co. 1; discb. for disability, March 18, 1863. 
Albert S. Wilson, C. S.; must, out July 1, 1860. 
R. Blackmer, Co. F; disch. by order, July 1!i, 1865. 
Ira W. Harrington, Co. F; must, out July 1, 1865. 
Lymun P. Pitts, Co. F; must, out July 1, 1865. 
Orange C. Smith, Co. F; must, out July 1, 1865. 
George W. Templo, Co. F; must, out July 1, 1865. 
George W. Tagagold, Co. F; must, out July 1, 1865. 
Horace Wilcox, Co. F; must, out July 1, 1865. 
Peter Wacker, Co. F; disch. for disability, Doc. 26, 1864. 
Oscar Wilder, Co. F; must, out July 1, 1865. 
John O.Williams, Co. F; must, out July 1, 1865. 
George F. Whitman, Co. F; must, out July 1, 1865. 
George W. Williams, Co. F; must, out July 1, 186"i. 
William Wright, Co. F; must, out July 1, 1865, 
Thomas Gorman, Co. F; must, out July 1, 1865. 
William Chase, Co. F; disch. for disability. 
M. Winchester, Co. F; disch. Feb. 11, 1863. 
William F. True, Co. F; must, out July 1, 1865. 
Henry Broddock, Cii. F; must, out Aug. 15, 1865. 
Howard Dickerson, Co. F; must, out Aug. 15, 1865. 
Delaski W. Fish, Co. F; must, out Aug. 15, 1865. 
Francis Gurmid, Co. F; disch. by order, May 3, 1865. 
Simon B. Hadley, Co G; disch. for promotion, Feb. 9,1865. 
Charles E. Lockwood, Co. G; disch. by order, July 13,1865. 
Alonzo Fox, Co. G; must, out July 1, 1865. 
George B. Allen, Co. G; must, out July 1, 1865. 
Denisou D. Burch, Co. G; must, out July 1, 1865. 
Lawrence C. Carr, Co. G; must, out July 1, 1865. 
John Plunkett, Co. G; must, out July 1, 1865. 
John Sullivan, Co. G; must, out July 1,1865. 
Hughes S. Hill, Co. H; must, out July 1, 1865. 
 
SEVENTH CAVALRY.
This regiment was organized at Grand Rapids, two battalions leaving for Washington in February, 1863, and the third one in May. 
The number from Hillsdale County was as follows: twenty-two in Company F, three in E, one in G, and eight in I; total, thirty-four. 
The regiment was very actively engaged in the cavalry service of the Army of the Potomac, and at the battle of Gettysburg, on the 3d of July, fought one of the hardest conflicts which ever fell to the share of that service, having sixteen men killed, forty-one wounded, twelve missing, and twelve taken prisoners. 
It was in numerous skirmishes during the rest of the season, having thirty men killed in action from the 1st of May to the 1st of November and sixty-two wounded.
On the 28th of February, 1864, the 7th started with Gen. Kilpatrick on his celebrated raid to Richmond. 
After its return, it was attached to the Cavalry Corps of the Army of the Potomac, and soon started with that army on the great campaign of 1864. 
At the battle of Yellow Church, on the 11th of May, it aided in driving the rebel cavalry from the field, having sixteen men killed and wounded, including among the former its commander, Maj. Granger. 
On the 27th of May it charged a rebel brigade, driving it several miles and capturing forty-one prisoners. 
At a cavalry fight at "Haines' Shop," the next day, the regiment had fourteen men killed and wounded.
After two months more of service with the Army of the Potomac, the regiment was transferred to the Shenandoah Valley. 
On the 16th of August it was in the battle of Crooked Run, where it charged and routed a rebel brigade, capturing nearly a hundred prisoners, and having twelve men killed and wounded. 
At the battle of Opequan Creek, on the l!)th of August, it charged through the creek and drove the foe from the farther shore, and, later in the day, joined with other regiments in charging the enemy and driving him through Winchester. 
The regiment had twenty-three killed and wounded, among the former being its commander, Lieut.-Col. Brewer,—-the second commander killed during the season.
The 7th remained in active service in the Shenandoah Valley until the last of February, 1865, when it joined in Sheridan's celebrated raid to the James River. 
The latter part of March it joined the Army of the Potomac, and was active in the operations which resulted in the surrender of Lee's army.
The last of May, 1865, the 7th was sent with the Michigan Cavalry Brigade to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and thence across the Plains to Denver, Col. 
There was naturally much dissatisfaction at being called on for this unexpected service after the war was over, but there was no mutiny or other misconduct. 
After guarding the overland stage-route till the 1st of November, two hundred and fifty of those having the longest time to serve were transferred to the 1st Michigan Cavalry. 
The remainder hired their passage in mule-trains to Fort Leavenworth, whore they were mustered out. 
The regiment was disbanded at Jackson, Mich., on the 25th of December, 1865.
The men transferred to the 1st Michigan Calvary were mustered out in Utah, in March, 1866. 
They had to pay their own passage home, but the amount was afterwards refunded by Congress.
 
OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS FROM HILLSDALE COUNTY.
Hiram J. Ingersoll, commissioned 2d Lieut., Oct. 13, 1862; 1st Lieut, Feb. 28, 1863; must, out Doc. 15, 1865. 
Henry Guir, Co. F; killed at Falling Waters, Md., July 14, 1863. 
George W. Lundy, Co. F; died at Gettysburg, Pa., July 15, 1863. 
C. P. White, Co. F; missing at Frenchtown, July 6, 1863; returned. 
Wm. C. Armstrong, Co. F; missing at Frenchtown, July 6. 1863. 
Asa Sprague, Co. I; missing at Gainesville, Va., Oct. 14, 1861. 
Jacob Paule, Co. F; killed at Yellow Tavern, Va., May 11, 1864. 
Thomas C. Mercer, Co. F; killed at Smithfield, Va., Aug. 29, 1864. 
Abram Hogland, Co. F; died at Washington, D. C, Feb. 18, 1864. 
Clark A. Stewart, Co. F; died at Andersonville, Ga., June 30, 1864. 
Henry Chaplain, Co. F; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps, Feb. 15, 1864. 
Linus N. Dillon, Co. F; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps, Nov. 15, 1863. 
J. H. Armstrong, Co. F; died of wounds, about May 29, 1861, at Richmond, Va. 
Stephen Mosher, Co. I; died in Andersonville prison, Ga., Sept. 9, 1864. 
John E. Covey, Co. F; disch. for disability, May 25, 1863. 
George Arnold, Co. I; disch. for disability, July 11, 1863. 
H. J. Wright, Co. F; disch. for disability, March 3, 1864. 
Isaac Van Vleet, Co. F; disch. for disability, Nov. 17, 1863. 
Henry De Graff, N. C. S.; must, out Dec. 11, 1865. 
Norris W. McHurd, Co. E; must, out Dec. 23, 1865.
Benton H. Spear, Co. E; must, out Dec. 15, 1865. 
George Taylor, Co. E; most, out Dec. 15, 1865. 
Charles P. White, Co. F; must, out Nov. 21, 1865. 
Wm. H. Armstrong, Co. F; must, out Nov. 21, 1865. 
Jasper Braden, Co. F; must, out Dec. 15, 1865. 
Lncton Fairchild, Co. F; must, out Nov. 21, 1865. 
William Phelps, Co. F; must, out Dec. 15, 1865. 
William Trealy, Co. F; must, out July 16, 1865. 
Charles Dapp, Co. F; must, out Dec. 15, 1865. 
Perry Wilson, Co. F; must, out Dec. 15, 1865. 
Orlando Hammond, Co. G; must, out Dec. 15, 1865. 
Andrew Wescott, Co. I; must, out June 24, 1865. 
John W. Dunn, Co. I; must, out Dec. 15, 1865. 
Hiram Laclear, Co. I; must, out Dec. 15, 1865. 
Washington M. Smith, Co. I; must, out Doc. 15, 1865. 
Alonzo Wakefield, Co. I; must, out Dec. 15, 1865. 
 
CHAPTER XVIII.
EIGHTH AND ELEVENTH CAVALRY AND FIRST LIGHT ARTILLERY.
Hillsdale County in the Eighth Cavalry—Defeating Morgan—The Eighth Defeated in East Tennessee—Dismounted and Mounted— Covering Sherman's Flank—Surprised, with Heavy Loss—Subsequent Services—Mustered Out—List of Members—Formation of the Eleventh Cavalry—Its Hillsdale Delegation—Conflicts with Morgan—An Unsuccessful Raid into Virginia—A Successful Raid into Virginia—Grand Sweep through North and South Carolina and Georgia—Consolidation with the Eighth—Muster-Out—Officers and Soldiers—How the First Light Artillery Originated—One Organization, but Divided Service—The Hillsdale Representation— Battery D in Kentucky and Tennessee—Hoover's Gap and Chickamauga—Mission Ridge—Service at Murfreesboro'—Mustered Out —Battery F's Misfortune at Richmond—Garrison Duty—Through the Georgia Campaign—Defense of Nashville—Disbanded—Battery G in Kentucky and West Virginia—At Chickasaw Bayou— Helping Capture Vicksburg—Ordered to Texas—Then to Mobile— The Close—Battery I at Gettysburg—Ordered to Nashville—Lost Mountain—Kenesaw and Atlanta—Other Services and Discharge —Officers and Soldiers of the Regiment.
 
EIGHTH CAVALRY.
This regiment, the rendezvous of which was at Mount Clemens, did not take the field until the month of May, 1863. 
It contained, during the war, eighty-four men from Hillsdale County; eight in A company, six in B, eighteen in C, twenty-three in G, four in H, ten in K, one in L, and fourteen in M.
It engaged at once in active service in Kentucky, and was one of the foremost in the chase after John Morgan through Indiana and Ohio. 
At length overtaking him at Buffington Island, Ohio, it immediately attacked and routed his command, capturing two hundred and seventeen prisoners, besides killing and wounding a considerable number. 
The regiment then proceeded to East Tennessee. 
At Calhoun and Athens in that State, on the 20th and 27th of September, the brigade to which it belonged was defeated and driven back by a large rebel force under Gens. Forrest and Wheeler, the 8th having forty-three killed and wounded, and several missing.
The regiment was very actively engaged marching and skirmishing up and down the valley of the Tennessee, until the forepart of February, 1864, when it turned over its horses to the quartermaster's department and marched on foot to Mount Sterling, Ky. 
It was there remounted, and in June joined Gen. Sherman's army at Big Shanty, Ga. 
As a part of the cavalry force under Gen. Stoneman, the 8th advanced towards Atlanta, covering the right of Sherman's command, and frequently engaged with the enemy. 
The latter were usually forced to retire, but on the 3d of August, after the regiment had been cut off from the main force and had cut its way through the enemy, and alter seven days and nights of continuous marching, with almost no sleep, it was surprised and routed with the loss of two hundred and fifteen officers and men, mostly taken prisoners. 
The remainder of the regiment was employed in picket duty until the middle of September, when it was ordered to Kentucky and then back to Nashville.
The 8th was engaged through the month of November in skirmishing with the cavalry advance of Hood's army, being several times surrounded by the enemy, but always managing to cut its way out. 
After Hood was defeated at Franklin and Nashville, and driven out of Tennessee, this regiment had no service more severe than suppressing the guerrillas who still infested the country. 
In July the 11th Cavalry was consolidated with the 8th, the combined regiment retaining the latter name. 
It was mustered out at Nashville on the 22d of September, 1865, and disbanded at Jackson about the 30th.
 
MEN FROM HILLSDALE COUNTY. 
Charles Billings, Co. B; missing on rail to Macon, Ga., Aug.3, 1864. 
E. Papsworth, Co. G; missing at Bean's Station, Tenn., Dec. 14, 1863; returned. 
Leander King, Co. G; missing at Bean's Station, Tenn., Dec 14, 1863; returned. 
Milo Rich, Co. B; died.
Sidney A. Acker, Co. C; died at Lynchburg, Va., June 30, 1863.
Daniel H. Parker, Co. K; died at Athens, On., May 16, 1864.
Caleb Hale, Co. A; must, out Sept. 22, 1865.
Freeman Kelly, Co. A; must, out Sept. 22, 1865.
Hiram Young, Co. A; must, out Sept. 22, 1865.
E. S. Cole, Co. A; must, out Sept. 22, 1865.
Edward Rossman, Co. A; must. out Sept. 22, 1865.
Henry Nottage, Co. A; must, out June 16, 1865.
James E. O'Dell, Co. A; must, out June 16, 1865.
Francis M. Townsend, Co. A; must, out June 16, 1865.
Thomas M. Wright, Co. B; must, out Sept. 22, 1865.
Eli M. Cope, Co. B; must, out Sept. 22, 1865.
George P. Tuttle, Co. B; must, out Sept.-22, 1865.
Monsieur Davison, Co. B; must, out Sept. 22, 1865.
John H. Beckwith, Co. C; must, out Sept. 22, 1865.
Frank A. Bacon, Co. C; must, out Sept. 22, 1865.
William J. McElihine, Co. C; must, out Sept. 22, 1865.
George W. Asken, Co. C; must, out Sept. 22, 1865.
James S. Albro, Co. C; must, out Oct. 10, 1865.
William Rosewell, Co. C; must, out Sept. 22, 1865.
Theodore E. Regston, Co. C; must, out Sept. 22, 1865.
Henry B. Strickland, Co. C; must, out Sept. 22, 1865.
Edward G. Taylor, Co. C; must, out Sept. 22, 1865.
Oscar B. Abbott, Co. C; must, out June 16, 1865.
Adelbert Chapman, Co. C; must, out June 16, 1865.
Paleman Castle, Co. C; must, out June 16, 1865.
Franklin Foulk, Co. C; must, out June 16, 1865.
William C. Gibson, Co. C; must, out June 17, 1865.
Herbert H. Hickox, Co. C; must, out July 15, 1865.
Samuel B. Nixon, Co. C; must, out June 16, 1865.
George W. Southworth, Co. C; must, out June 16, 1865.
Delson Allen, Co. C; must, out Dec. 4, 1865.
John A. Anable, Co. G; must, out Sept. 22, 1865.
Levans Bachelor, Co. G; must, out Sept. 22, 1865.
Byron Brainerd, Co. G; must, out Sept. 22, 1865.
James A. Drake, Co. G; must, out Sept. 22, 1865.
William H. Eldridge, Co. G; must, out Sept. 22, 1865.
Albert E. French, Co. G; must, out Oct. 16, 1865.
Edward R. Fitzsimmons, Co. G; must, out Sept. 22, 1865.
John M. Farquar, Co. G; must, out Sept. 22, 1865.
Ezra Green, Co. G; must. out. Sept. 22, 1865.
Edward M. Gilbert, Co. G; must, out Sept. 22, 1865.
James L. Hickox, Co. G; must, out Sept. 22, 1865.
James A. Lards, Co. G; must, out Oct. 10, 1865.
Thomas O'Brien, Co. G; must, out Oct. 10, 1865.
Franklin Saxton, Co. G; must. out Sept . 22, 1865.
George Silkworth, Co. G; must, out Sept. 22, 1865.
James S. Stackus, Co. G; must, out Sept. 22, 1865.
Abnun Shafer, Co. G; must. out Sept , 22,1865.
Franklin Walston, Co. G; must, out Sept. 22, 1865. 
John L. Williams, Co. G; must, out Sept. 22, 1865. 
Charles Marvin, Co. G; mint, out Sept, 22, 1865. 
James W. Caruthers, Co. G; must, out June 16, 1865. 
Albert Maher, Co. H; must, out Sept, 22, 1865. 
John Nolen, Co. H; must, out July 7, 1865. 
Alfred E. Papsworth, Co. H; must, out Sept , 22,1865. 
Gottfried Aupporle, Co. H; must, out Sept. 22, 1865. 
Wilson S. Blair, Co. K; must, oat June 16, 186.".. 
Daniel Fullerton, Co. K; must, out June 16, 1865. 
Leroy Blair, Co. K; must, ont Sept. 22, 1865. 
Joseph Cough, Co. K; must, out June 16,186"i. 
John B. Harrington, Co. K; must, out June 16, 1865. 
Charles L. Hews, Co. K; must, out June 16, 1865. 
Franklin Horton, Co. K; must, out June 16, 1867>. 
Joseph Hagerman, Co. K; must, out June 16, 1865. 
William A. Northnep, Co. K; must, out June 16, 1865. 
A. F. Terpenning, Co. K; must, out June 16, 1866. 
John Carey, Co. L; must , out Sept, 22, 1865. 
F. Pitts, Co. M; must, out Sept. 22,1865. 
Milo Brittain, Co. M; must, out Sept. 22. 1865. 
William Hughes, Co. M; must, out Sept. 22, 1865. 
Edgar C. Kilborn, Co. M; must, out Sept. 22, 1865. 
Armour Lockman, Co. M; disch. by order, Aug. 17, 1865. 
George L. Mapes, Co. M; must, out Sept. 22, 1865. 
Charles H. O'Neill, Co. M; must, out Sept. 22, 1865. 
Edgar Rodgers, Co. M; must, out Sept. 22, 1865. 
Wilson Tucker, Co. M; must, oot Sept. 22, 1865. 
Audrew I. Webstor, Co. M; must, out Sept, 22, 1865. 
Epbraim B. Warner, Co. M; must, out Sept. 22, 1865. 
Jonathan F. Wines, Co. M; St. out Sept, 22, 1865.
Lorenzo Cummings, Co. M; must, out June 28, 1865. 
Andrew Johnson, Co. M, must, out Aug. 12, 1865. 
 
ELEVENTH CAVALRY.
The 11th was organized at Kalamazoo, and left for Kentucky in December, 1863. 
The number of its members from Hillsdale County during the war was a hundred and four; of whom thirty-one were in Company A, seven in Company B, one in C, twenty-five in D, two in E, nine in F, seven in H, five in I, twelve in K, fourteen in L, and eighteen in M.
After scouting in Kentucky about six months, the regiment came in collision with the noted rebel cavalry leader John H. Morgan, at Mount Sterling, and after a sharp action utterly routed his command. 
On the 12th of June it came up with the remainder of his force at Cynthiana, and again the sons of chivalry were compelled to fly before the men of Michigan. 
In the latter part of September, 1864, the regiment moved with its division on a long and tedious raid over the mountains to Saltville, Va. 
The place was found to be fortified and well-defended by a large force under Gen. Breckenridge. 
The attack failed and the command returned to Kentucky.
In the latter part of November, the 11th was ordered to East Tennessee, where it was engaged in the usual fighting with guerrillas and rebel cavalry until the middle of January, 1865, when it marched with Gen. Stoneman on an important raid into Virginia. 
On the 16th of January it fought with Vaughn's Brigade all day, near Abingdon, Va., completely routing it and capturing all its artillery and two hundred and fifty men. 
After defeating Breckenridge's Infantry, destroying the salt-works at Saltville, burning an arsenal, and capturing a large quantity of supplies and artillery, the command passed over the mountains into Kentucky, three-fourths of the forces being worn out and the men dismounted.
In the forepart of March the regiment, with new horses, again went to East Tennessee, and joined another expedition of Gen. Stoneman's into North Carolina. 
At Salisbury, in that State, on the 12th of April, the command defeated a large force of the enemy, capturing eighteen hundred prisoners and twenty-two pieces of artillery. 
It then passed on through South Carolina into Georgia, and on the 11th of May captured the cavalry escort of Jefferson Davis, near Washington, Ga. 
It then went back through South Carolina to East Tennessee.
On the 20th of July the 11th was consolidated with the 8th Michigan Cavalry, taking the name of the latter regiment. 
The consolidated regiment was mustered out in September, as narrated a short distance back.
 
OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS FROM HILLSDALE COUNTY.
John D. Frisbie, com. 1st Lieut., Aug. 1, 1863; Capt., Jan. 15, 1864 ; res. April 7, '65.
George W. Cutler, com. 2d Lieut., Aug. 1, 1863; wounded and captured at Saltville, Va., Oct, 2, 1864; exchanged Feb. 21, 1865; disch. May 15, 1865.
William S. Mapes, com. 2d Lieut., Oct. 29, 1864; must, out Aug. 10, 1865.
Daniel R. Rozelle, com. 2d Lieut., Oct. 29, 1864; trans, to 8th Cav. on consolidation; must, out Sept. 22, 1865.
William C. Fitzsimmons, com. 2d Lieut., Jan. 21, 1865.
Charles S. Linds, Co. A; died at Lexington, Ky., March 9, 1864.
Peter McLouth, Co. D; died at Lexington, Ky., March 20, 1864.
John Swick, Co. L; died at Camp Nelson, Ky., May 18, 1864.
Joseph W. Gould, Co. It; missing at Saltville, Va., Oct, 2, 1864; returned.
Oscar L. Niles, Co. B; died at Lexington, Ky., April, 1865.
Warner Perham, Co. D; died at Lexington, Ky., Sept. 21, 1864.
Stephen Fitzsimmons, Co. I; died at Lexington, Ky., Jan. 2, 1865.
Samuel C. Everts, Co. K; died at Saltville, Va., of wounds, Oct. 3, 1864.
Carlos Pomeroy, Co. L; died at Greenville, Va., April 25, 1865.
J. J. Purdy, Co. M; missing at Andersonville, S. C, May 20, 1865. ! 
L. J. Smith, Co. M; missing at Andersonville, S. C, May 20, 1865.
Albert E. French, Co. A; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Edward R. Fitzsimmons, Co. A; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
John M. Farquar, Co. A; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Abram Shapes, Co. A; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
John A. Auable, Co. A; trans, to 8tb Mich. Cav.
Levuns Bachelor, Co. A; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
William C. Burns, Co. A; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
James A. Drake, Co. A; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
William H. Eldridge, Co. A; trans, to 8tb Mich. Cav.
Ezra Green, Co. A; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Edward M. Gilbert, Co. A; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
James Hickox, Co. A; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
James A. Lards, Co. A; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Thomas O'Brien, Co. A; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Franklin Saxton, Co. A; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
George Silkworth, Co. A; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav. * 
James S. Stackas. Co. A; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Philip Veille, Co. A; trans. to8th Mich. Cav.
Franklin Walston, Co. A; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
John L. Williams, Co. A; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav. I 
John F. Craig, Co. B; trans, to 8th Mich Cav.
Joseph M. Gould, Co. B; trans. to 8th Mich Cav.
Charles Marvin, Co. B; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Thomas Pitts, Co. C; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
A. C. Barnard, Co. D; trans, to U. S. Colored Troops.
Milo Britton, Co. D; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Lorenzo Cummings, Co. D; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
William Hughes, Co. D; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Edgar C. Kilbur, Co. D; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Armour Lockmer, Co. D; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
George L. Mapes, Co. D; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Charles H. Miner, Co. D; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
George L. Nicoll, Co. D; trans, to U. S. Colored Troops,
Charles O'Neill, Co. D; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Thomas Rooney, Co. D; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
William Rooney, Co. D; trans, to 8tb Mich. Cav.
Edgar Rogers, Co. D; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Audrew J. Webster, Co. D; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Ephraim Warner, Co. D; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Jonathan F. Wines, Co. D; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Daniel Fullerton, Co. E; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Daniel H. Parker, Co. E; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
A. F. Terpenning, Co. F; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Joseph Cough, Co. F; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
John B. Harrington, Co. F; trans. to 8th Mich. Cav.
William A. Northrup, Co. F; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Charles S. Hawes, Co. F; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Wilson L. Blair, Co. F; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.  
Leroy Blair, Co. F; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Franklin Hunter, Co. F; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Thomas Wright, Co. G; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Ephraim B. Cooper, Co. H; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Cyrus Robertson, Co. H; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Elias M. Cope, Co. H; trans. to 8th Mich. Cav.
William A. Place, Co. H; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
George Tuttle, Co. H; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Mone. Davison, Co. I; trans to 8th Mich. Cav.
Hiram Young, Co. I; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
E. S. Cole, Co. K; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Edgar Davidson, Co. K; trans. to 1st Mich. Sharpshooters.
Edward Roseman, Co. K; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
James Odell, Co. K; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Francis M. Townsend, Co. K; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Henrjr Nettage, Co. K; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
John H. Beckwith, Co. L; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Frank A. Bacon, Co. L; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
W. J. McEllshine, Co. L; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Adelbert R. Chapman, Co. L; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
William C. Gibson, Co. L; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Alanson M. Chapman, Co. L; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Palerman Castle, Co. L; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Henry B. Strickland, Co. M; trans, to 8lb Mich. Cav.
Edward G. Taylor, Co. M; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
James S. Albro, Co. M; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Jackson Penoyer, Co. M; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
George W. Asken, Co. M; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Oscar B. Abell, Co. M; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Delyon C. Allen, Co. M; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Sidney A. Acker, Co. M; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Samuel B. Nixon, Co. M; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
James Odell, Co. M; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
William Roswell, Co. M; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Theodore E. Regstou, Co. M; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
George W. Southworth, Co. M; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Daniel B. Shipman, Co. M; trans, to 8th Mich. Cav.
Joseph Milton, Co. K; dlsch. for disability, Aug. 8,1864.
Samuel Humphrey, Co. L; disch. for disability, July 22,1864,
Charles M. Wade, Co. A; disch. for promotion.
Edwin Smith, Co. A; must, out May 18,1865.
Eliphalet Barber, Co. A; must, out May 29, 1865.
Robert M. Cox, Co. A; disch. by order, Aug. 16, 1865.
Garrett W. Cai r, Co. A; disch. by order, Aug. 10,1865.
Emery Forbes, Co. A; must, out June 12, 1865.
Harvey Hilton, Co. A; disch. by order, Aug. 16, 1865.
Josiah C. Jennison, Co. A; must, out May 15, 1865.
Walter Razell, Co. A; must, out May 15, 1865.
Warren Sprague, Co. A; disch. by order, Aug. 10,1865.
James E. Caruthers, Co. B; must, out June 16, 1865.
Franklin B. Stevens, Co. B; must, out May 5, 1865.
George A. Webster, Co. D; disch. by order, Aug. 16,1865.
Webster Cooley, Co D; disch. by order, Aug. 10,1865.
William A. Collins, Co. D; must, out May 18, 1865.
Horace M. Gay, Co. D; must, out May J8, 1865.
John H. Ireland, Co. D; must, out Oct. 17, 1865.
Orrin C. Kelly, Co. D; disch. by order, Aug. 10,1865.
Marcus Young, Co. D; must, out June 2.'i, 1865.
Albert Trim, Co. F; must, out May 17, 1865.
Bradley Teachout, Co. G; must, out June 16, 1865.
R. E. Whipple, Co. H; disch. for promotion.
Alfred Boylis, Co. H; disch. by order, Aug. 10, 1865.
Amos D. Olds, Co. I; disch. by order, Aug. 10,1865.
William A. Keys, Co. I; disch. for promotion, July 12,1864.
Joseph Fisher, Co. K; disch. for disability, Dec. 22, 1864.
Dyer Freeman, Co. K; disch. for disability, June 16,1865.
Joseph Milton, Co. K; disch. Aug. 8, 1865.
Anthony M. Moore, Co. K; disch. by order, June 10, 1865.
Samuel D. Humphrey, Co. L; disch. for disability, July 22, 1865.
G. I,. Bartholomew, Co. L; must, out May 22, 1865.
Alfred H. Wayne, Co. L; must, out June 15, 1865.
B. F. Foulk, Co. L; must, out June 15, 1865.
Benjamin D. Kingsley, Co. M; disch. by order, July 12, 1865.
Herbert H. Hickox, Co. M; must, out July 15, 1865.
Samnel C. Briggs, Co. M; must, out June 1, 1865.
Oscar G. Hart, Co. M; disch. by order, Aug. 16, 1865.
 
FIRST LIGHT ARTILLERY.
In the spring of 1861 a battery of artillery was organized at Coldwater, and went to the seat of war as the 1st Michigan Battery. Four more batteries, numbered according to the date of organization, were formed during the season, all of which went to the front in December of that year. Three more were organized in 1862, and still six others—making twelve in all—in the forepart of 1863. On the 3d of August of the latter year the War Department,
by special orders, recognized these twelve batteries as a regiment of artillery, and allowed the usual complement of field-officers to be mustered in. 
Each battery was designated by a letter corresponding to its previous number, the first battery becoming Battery A, the second Battery B, etc. 
In fact, however, each battery operated by itself, the field-officers being usually assigned to staff duty. 
The number from Hillsdale County in the whole regiment during the war was a hundred and sixty-nine, distributed as follows: ten in Battery A, six in B, ten in C, nineteen in D, two in E, forty in F, forty-five in G, six in H, thirtyfour in I, and three in L. We can only mention, and that very briefly, the services of Batteries D, F, G, and I.
Battery D (originally the 4th Michigan Battery) went to Kentucky in December, 1861, and was in service in that State and Tennessee in 1862 and 1S63. 
It was in the battle of Hoover's Gap, Tenn., on the 26th of June,
1863, and was warmly engaged at Chickamauga on the 19th and 20th of September, having nine men wounded in the latter conflict. 
In November, 1863, it was furnished with twenty-pound Parrott guns, with which it shelled the enemy at Mission Ridge, covering the advance of Hooker up Lookout Mountain, on the 24th of that month, and the grand assault on Mission Ridge the following day. 
The battery remained at Chattanooga until March, 1864, when it was ordered to Murfreesboro'. 
It was on duty with its heavy guns in forts near that place almost a year and a half, having, meanwhile, been engaged more or less with the right of Gen. Hood's army, when he was operating against Nashville, from the 12th to the 16th of November,
1864. The battery was mustered out at Jackson, Mich., on the 3d of August, 1865.
Battery F (originally the 6th Battery) was organized at Coldwater, and left for Kentucky in March, 1862. 
At the battle of Richmond, in that State, its infantry supports gave way, the artillerists were compelled to flee, and all their guns were captured. 
The men were on garrison duty in Kentucky throughout 1863. 
In January, 1864, the battery marched over the mountains to Knoxvillei where it remained until April. 
In May it joined Gen. Sherman for the Georgia campaign. 
In that campaign it was in the battles of Resaca, Lost Mountain, Kenesaw Mountain, Decatur, and the siege of Atlanta. 
Its firing was at long range, and though it had several men killed and wounded, it was not cut up as were some of the infantry regiments. 
The battery was then sent to Tennessee, and took part in the defense of Nashville against Hood's army, from the 12th to the 16th of November. 
In January, 1865, it went, with a force under Gen. Schofield, to Washington, D. C., and thence to Newborn, N. C. 
It was engaged in some minor operations in that State, and in June was ordered home, being mustered out at Jackson, Mich., on the 1st day of July, 1865.
Battery G (originally the 7th) was organized at Kalamazoo, and went to Kentucky in February, 1862. 
It served in that State and West Virginia until November, 1862, when it was ordered to the Yazoo River, Miss. 
It was warmly engaged in the battle of Chickasaw Bayou, December 28 and 29, having ten men killed and wounded. 
In January, 1863, it went with the army to Arkansas Post, and was present at the capture of that important fort. 
Battery G was likewise a part of the force which ran the rebel blockade at Vicksburg in April, was engaged in several of the succeeding conflicts, and was an active participant in the siege and capture of that key of the Mississippi. 
In August the battery went down to Carrollton, La., and in November was ordered to Texas. 
It served at Brazos, Santiago, Matagorda Island, Indianola, and other points in that State until June, having several not very serious conflicts with the enemy. 
In June the battery returned to Carrollton, La., remaining there until October, and then proceeding to Mobile Bay. 
In April, Battery G participated in the siege and capture of Mobile. 
It remained on duty in the vicinity until July, when it was ordered home, being mustered out at Jackson, Mich., on the 6th day of August, 1865.
Battery I (originally the 9th) was organized in conjunction with the 5th Cavalry in the late summer and the autumn of 1862, and went to Washington with that regiment in November. 
It was not in any battle until that of Gettysburg, on the 3d of July, 1863, where it had five men killed and wounded. 
The battery remained with the Army of the Potomac until November, when it was sent to Nashville. 
It remained there till the 7th of March, 1864, and then moved southward, joining the 3d Division of the 20th Army Corps the last of April. 
With that division it went through the Georgia campaign, being engaged with the enemy at Cassvillc, New Hope Church, Lost Mountain, Kenesaw, Peach-Tree Creek, and the siege of Atlanta. 
Fifteen men were killed and wounded during the campaign, out of a little over a hundred. 
As usual with artillery, only two or three fell in each engagement; but it was in a good many engagements. 
In November the battery returned to Chattanooga, where it remained until July, 1865, when it was ordered home. 
It was mustered out at Jackson, Mich., on the 14th of that month.
      
OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS FROM HILLSDALE COUNTY. 
Ira G. Wisner, commissioned 2d Unit, Bat, G, 1st Light Art., April 18, 1864; 1st Lieut., April 6, 1865; must, out Aug. 6, 1865. 
George W. Baker, Bat. B; died at Cahawba, Ala., 1862. 
Israel Rameler, Hat. C; died at New Machias, Mo., April 14,1862. 
Jobn C. Sinelair, Bat. C; disch. for disability, June 10, 1862. 
Emanuel Ish, Bat. C; disch. for disability, June-10, 1862. 
Hamilton Lee, Bat. D; died at Louisville, Ky., Jan. 14, 1862. 
Chester S. Randall, Bat. D; died at Whit,. Pigeon, Mich. 
John Van Meter, Bat, F; disch. for disability, June 12, 1862. 
Henry C. Williams, Bat. G; disch. for disability, April 11, 1862. 
John Truax, Bat. G; disch. for disability, June 20, 1862. 
Georgo Graham, Bat. G; killed at Thompson's Hill. May 1, 1863. 
Ira L. Strong, Bat. I; died at Washington, D. C, Jan. 29, 1863. 
Daniel Boyer, Bat. I; died at Harper's Ferry, Va., Aug. 16, 1863. 
Gleason F. Reynolds, Bat. F; died at Mumfordsville, Ky., Feb. 19, 1863. 
James H. Henndun, Bat. V; died at Mumfordsville, Ky., Sept. 1, 1863. 
Dorris H. Howe, Hat. G; died at St. Louis, Mo., April 9, 1863. 
Horace B. Doty, Bat. G; died at Milliken's Bond, La., April, 1863. 
Oscar Barnes, Bat. G; died at Memphis, Tenn , July 23, 1863. 
Sylvanus R. Plumb, Bat. G; died at Vicksburg, Miss., Aug. 9, 1863. 
Norman P. Austin, Bat. F; killed near Atlanta, Ga., July 21, 1864. 
Edgar A. Spaigue, Bat. A; died at I, misville, Ky., June 13, 1864. 
Henry B. Turner, Bat. II; died at Rome, Ga., Aug. 13, 1864. 
William Vernon, Bat. B; died at Jeffersonville, In,I., Aug. 22, 1864. 
Smith B. Champlin, Bat. E; died at JonVrsonvillc, Ind., July 12, 1864. 
Lorenzo D. Barnes, Bat, E; died at Marietta, Ga., Oct. 2, 1861. 
Orvllle Palmer, Bat. I; died at Chattauooga, Tenn., Aug. 4, 1864. 
Enos C. Plumb, Bat. G; trans, to V. R. C. Sept, 30, 1863. 
James C. Cooper, Bat. I; trans, to V. R. C, Jan. 15, 1864. 
Wilson Little, Bat, I; trans, to V. R. C, Jan. 15, 1864. 
Jeremiah Gardner, Bat. C; killed at Edisto River, S. C, Feb. 9, 1865. 
Robert T. Phillips, Bat. II; died. 
William Day, Bat , F; died at Nashville, Tenn., Feb. 9,1865.
Audrew J. Cross, Bat. G; died at Portland, Ohio, Oct. 19, 1862.
Philemon Cook, Bat. G; died at New Orleans, La., Jan. 19, 1865.
Benjamin S. Gunn, Bat, G; drowned in Mobile Bay, Ala., Nov. 20, 1864.
Philotus Wheeler, Bat. I; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps.
John H. Baker, Bat. B; disch. for promotion, June 22, 1863.
Joseph Woolston, Bat. G; disch. for disability, March 28, 1863.
Orsamus Doty, Bat. G; disch. for disability, March 26, 1863.
Martin Collar, Bat. G; disch. for disability, June 6, 1863.
Charles Baker, Bat, G; disch. for disability, Sept. 8, 1863.
Christopher H. Britton, Bat. G; disch. for disability, Sept. 23, 1863.
Henry W. Loomis, Bat. L; disch. for disability, June 20, 1863.
Sylvester Dwight, Bat. A; disch. at exp. of service, May 31, 1864.
Watson B. Couklin, Bat. A; disch. at exp. of service, Sept. 30, 1864.
Caleb A. Ensign, Bat. C; disch. by order, Dec. 3, 1863.
Wesley Davis, Bat. D; disch. for disability, Sept. 2, 1862.
James H Thompson, Bat, D; disch. for disability, July 13, 1862.
John Homer Smith, Bat. F; disch. for disability, Jan. 6, 1863.
James C. Cooly, Bat. I; disch. for disability, Dec. 26, 1863.
Isaiah Liby, Bat. I; disch. for disability, Feb. 24, 1864.
Zachariah Layton, Bat, I; disch. for disability, March 7, 1864.
Thomas J. Harris, Bat. A: disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Feb. 11, 1864.
Ira Smith, Bat. C: disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Feb. 21, 1864.
Henry Carlisle, Bat. F; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, March 26, 1864.
James Van Valkenburg, Bat. F; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, March 26, 1864.
George W. Jeflers, Bat. A; must, out July 28, 1865.
Ozial B. Taylor, Bat. A; must, out July 28, 1865.
John Vanmeter, Bat. A; must, out July 28, 1865.
Abijah P. Lyke, Bat, A; must, nut July 28, 1865.
Lewis Martin, Bat, A; disch. by order, May 26, 1865.
Daniel H. Mills, Bat. A; must, out July 28, 1865.
Melviu Bailey, Bat. B; must, out June 14, 1865.
Henry Zupp, Bat. C; disch. for disability, March 25, 1865.
William Durby, Bat. C; must, out June 22, 1865.
James H. Ostrander, Bat. C; must, out June 22, 1865.
William S. Piatt, Bat, C; must, out June 22.1865.
Harper V. D. Baker, Bat , D; disch. at exp. of service, Sept. 17, 1864.
Almond K. Horriugton, Bat , D; disch. for disability.
Luman Ward, Bat. D; disch. for disability, April 28, 1862.
Ira Hodges, Bat. D; disch. for disability, July 18, 1863.
Martin J. English, Bat. D; disch. for disability, Dec. 9, 1862.
Newman Curtis, Bat. D; disch. at exp. of service, Sept. 17, 1864.
John D. Fuller, Bat, D; disch. for disability, July 28, 1862.
Elijah Pond, Bat. D; disch. at exp. of service, Sept. 17, 1864.
George Plumb, Bat. D; disch. at exp. of service, Oct. 31, 1864.
Edmund R. Phillips, Bat. D; disch. for disability, May 22, 1862.
William H. Plumb, Bat , D; disch. at exp. of service, Nov. 2, 1864.
George W. Sawyer, Bat, D; disch. at Louisville, Ky.
John Warren, Bat. D; disch. at exp. of sorvice, Oct , 31, 1864.
Orel C. Warrener, Bat , D; must, out Aug. 3, 1865.
William Aldrich, Bat. F; must, out July 1, 1865.
J. Wesley Austin, Bat. F; disch. at exp. of service, Jan. 14, 1865.
Orson Austin, Bat. F; disch. for disability, Aug. 14, 1862.
Martin L. Burleson, Bat. F; must, out July 1, 1865.
Martin Furlong, Bat. F; must, out July 1, 1865.
William W. Fillio, Bat. F; must, out July 1, 1865,
Amri Johnson, Bat, F; disch. at expiration of service, Jan. 14, 1865.
John B. Kelley, Bat. F; must, out July 1, 1865,
Daniel E. Maxon, Bat. F; disch, at expiration of service, Jan. 12, 1865.
Myron Porter, Bat. F; must, out July 1, 1865.
Levi C. Smith, Bat. F; disch. for disability, Nov. 18, 1862.
Michael Selles, Bat , F; disch. at expiration of service, April 19, 1865.
James C. Vanamel, Bat. F; disch. for disability, Dec. 10, 1862.
John Higley, Bat. F; must, out July 1, 1865.
Stephen S. Johnson, Bat. F; must, out July 1, 1865.
Henry M. Johnson, Bat. F; disch. by order, May 18, 1865.
Lewis M. Hibbs, Bat. F; must, out July 1, 1865.
Henry M. Nichols, Bat. F; must, out July 1, 1865.
Henry H. Root, Bat. F; must, out July 1, 1865.
Jacob Swartout, Bat. F; must, out July 1, 1865.
David Miller, Bat. F; must, out July 1, 1865.
Audrew Foster, Bat. F; must, out July 1, 1865.
Harvey Lucas, Bat. F; must, out July 1, 186.?.
Edwin Porter, Bat. F; must, out July 1, 1865.
Richard E. Rich, Bat. F; must, out July 1, 1865.
John Vantuyl, Bat. F; must, out July 1, 1865.
Spencer Welch, Bat. F; disch. by order, June 10,1865.
Jacob D. Waldorf, Bat. F; disch. to accept com. in U.S. Col. H. Art., July 23,1864. 
Abraham Cooper, Bat , G; disch. to enl. in regular service, Nov. 25, 1862. 
Oliver Franklin, Bat. G; disch. at expiration of service, Jan. 28, 1865. 
Richard Hart, Bat. G; disch. at expiration of service, Jan. 28, 1865. 
M. Barron Solomon, Bat , G; disch at expiration of service, Jan. 28,1865. 
William B. Britton, Bat. G; disch. at expiration of service, Jan. 28, 1865. 
Horace Bellinger, Bat. G; disch. to enl. in regular service, Nov. 25, 1862. 
Ira K. Bailey, Bat. G; disch. to enl. in regular service, Nov. 25, 1862. 
Philemon Cook, Bat. G; disch. at expiration of service, Jan. 28,1865. 
John H. Gillett, Bat. G; disch. at expiration of service, Jan. 28,1865. 
Wallace Glazier, Bat. G; disch. to enl. in regular sorvice, Nov. 25,1862. 
William H. Hall, Bat. G; disch at expiration of service, Jan. 28, 1865.
David Litchfield, Bat. G; disch. to enl. in regular sorvice, Nov. 25,1862.
Orrin Olds, Bat. G; disch. at expiration of service, Jan. 28,1865.
William H. Palmer, Bat. G; disch. at expiration of service, Jan. 28, 1865.
Sidney Palmer, Bat. G; disch. at expiration of service, Jan. 28,1865.
Edward D. Plumb, Bat. G; disch. at expiration of service, Jan. 28, 1865.
George A. Ryker, Bat. G; disch. at expiration of service, Jan. 28, 1865.
Chauncey Smith, Bat. G; disch. at expiration of service, Jan. 28,1865.
George W. Shultz, Bat. G; disch. at expiration of service, Jan. 28, 1865.
William Smeadmer, Bat. G; disch. for disability, Oct. 25,1862.
Joseph Thierman, Bat. G; disch. at expiration of service, Jan. 28,1865.
Isaac S. Vanskin, Bat. G; disch. at expiration of service, Jan. 28,1865.
Charles L. Wilcox, Bat. G; disch. at expiration of service, Jan. 28, 1865.
John G. Williams, Bat. G; disch. at expiration of service, Jan. 28, 1865.
Warren W. Wilkinson, Bat. G; disch. to enl. in regular service, Nov. 25, 1862.
Welcome Merchant, Bat. G; must, out Aug. 6, 1865.
William Curtiss, Bat. G; disch. by order, June 12, 1865.
Henry N. Dugun, Bat. G; must, out Aug. 6, 1865. 
Albert H. Gowdy, Bat. G; disch. by order, Aug. 17, 1865.
William J. Bunting, Bat. H; must, out July 22, 1865.
Edwin J. Codner, Bat. H; must, out July 22, 1865.
David C. Davey, Bat. H; must, out July 22, 1865.
George A. Linch, Bat. H; must, out July 22, 1865.
Raphael Thomas, Bat. H; must, out July 22, 1865.
Thomas Wilkinson, Bat. H; must, out July 22, 1865.
Hasey E. Barker, Bat. I; must, out July 14, 1865.
George W. Jennings, Bat. I; disch. by order, May 26, 1864.
Dexter C. Bartlett, Bat. 1; must, out July 14,1865.
James H. Beard, Bat. I; must, out July 14, 1865.
Elkannh S. Becker, Bat. I; must, out July 14, 1865.
James Diems, Bat. 1; must, out July 14, 1865.
Cheney Hall, Bat. I; must, out July 14, 1865.
Levi C. Lee, Bat. I; must, out July 14, 18£5.
Philander Millard, Bat. I; must, out July 14, 1865.
William Manning, Bat. I: disch. for disability, Dec. 22, 1864.
James E. Nickatoy, Bat. I; must, out July 14, 1865.
Robert O'Mealey, Bat. I; must, out July 14, 1865.
William O'Mealey, But. I; disch. by order, Oct. 23, 1862.
William A. Potter, Bat. I; must, out July 14, 1865.
James W. Potter, Bat. I; must, out July 14.1865.
Joseph B. Patterson, Bat. I; must, out July 14, 1865.
Levi Rickard, Bat. I; must, out July 14, 1865.
Ambrose Roate, Bat. I; must, out July 14, 1865.
Alpheus B. St. John, Bat. I; must, out July 14, 1865.
John Tucker, But. I; must, out July 14, 1865.
Ira C. Wyckoff, Bat. I; must, out July 14, 1865.
Andrew J. Weeks, Bat. I; must, out July 14, 1865.
David W. Stroud, Bat. I; must, out July 14, 1865.
Henry Cromer, Bat. I; must, out July 14, 1865.
Charles H. Stroud, Bat. I; disch. for disability, Dec. 16,1864.
Charles Barnes, Bat. L; must, out Aug. 22, 1865.
John S. Devoe, Bat. L; must, out Aug. 22, 1865.
 
OTHER SOLDIERS.
Remarks—Total Number of Officers and Soldiers of Hillsdale County —Those in other States—Of 3d, 5th, 6th, 8th, 9th, 12th, 14th, 17th, 21st, 26th, and 29th Infantry—Of Provost-Guard—Of 148th New York Infantry—Of 1st United States Sharpshooters—Of 1st, 3d, 6th, 9th, and 10th Cavalry—Of Merrill Horse—Of 14th Battery— Of 1st Missouri Engineers—Of 102d United States Colored Troops.
Besides the members of the organizations mentioned in the foregoing ten chapters, and which, as before stated, included all those which had twenty men from Hillsdale County, there were many other soldiers of that county scattered in varying numbers among more than a dozen other regiments. 
Their records, as obtained from the adjutant general's reports, are given in this chapter.
The grand total of enlisted men, according to those reports, was two thousand two hundred and sixty-eight. 
Add to these ninety-four commissioned officers from the same county, and we have an aggregate of two thousand three hundred and sixty-two.
Besides all these there were a considerable number from this county, but how many is not known, even approximately, who enlisted in regiments belonging to other States, and of whom no record is to be found in Michigan. 
Accidentally, we have learned the facts regarding a few of them, and have inserted them here:
 
OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS OF VARIOUS ORGANIZATIONS FROM HILLSDALE COUNTY.
 
THIRD INFANTRY.
John P. Palmer, died at Yorktown, Va., April 27, 1862.
 
FIFTH INFANTRY.
Robert A. Everett, of Ann Arbor (now of Hillsdale), com. ass't. surg., July 3, 1861; surg. 16th Inf., April 18, 1863; must, out at end of service. 
John E. Porter, Co. D; must, out July 23, 1865.
Osmer C. Brown, Co. G; must, out May 31, 1865.
 
SIXTH INFANTRY. 
Oscar Chapel, Co. C; killed at Baton Rouge, La., Aug. 5, 1862. 
Nelson Nethaway, Co. I; died of wounds, July 22, 1863, at Baton Rouge, La. 
Dexter Pearsell, Co. K; died at Helena, Ark., Aug. 21, 1864. 
Alexander Getty, Co B; died at Fort Morgan, Ala., Nov. 5, 1864. 
Richard Cheney, Co. C; died at New Orleans, La, Nov. 27, 1864. 
Warren Tompkins, Co. C; disch. by order, Sept. 5, 1865.
Alexander Fitzgerald, Co. D; must, out Aug. 26, 1865. 
Sylvester Kenyon, Co. K; must, out Aug. 20, 1865. 
Robert Wheeler, Co. K; must, out Aug. 29, 1865.
 
EIGHTH INFANTRY.
Reuben S. Cheney, com. 1st Lieut., Sept. 24, 1861; res. April 13, 1862. 
William P. Miner, com. 2d Lieut., Sept. 24, 1861; res. Feb. 19, 1862. 
Alonzo Cheney, com. 2d Lieut., March 27,1863; 1st. Lieut., May 6,1864; must, out Oct. 19, 1864.
Isaiah Crispell, Co. B; died at Cold Harbor, Va., June 8, 1864.
Abraham L. Harding, Co. A; trans. to Vet. Res. Corps, Sept. 30, 1864.
Andrew Petsa, Co. A; disch. by order, May 29, 1865.
Ira Green, Co. A; disch. for disability, Dec. 23, 1864.
George D. Drury, Co. A; must, out July 30, 1865.
Orsamus J. Hoppins, Co. B; must, out July 30, 1865.
Martin Kavans, Co. D; disch. June 30, 1865.
Charles H. Seavey, Co. K; disch. by order, May 26,1865.
Lorenzo W. Finch, Co. K; disch. by order, May 29, 1865.
                   
NINTH INFANTRY. 
Hawkins King, app. ass't surg., March 28, 1865; res. Aug. 5, 1865. 
Hugh Webster, Co. G; killed at Murfreesboro', Tenn., July 13, 1862. 
Abraham W. Vanness, Co. A; died at Nashville, Tenn., Dec. 12, 1865. 
John Harmon, Co. D; must, out Sept. 15, 1865. 
Ovid M. Thompson, Co. D; must, out Sept. 15, 1865. 
Russell Ellis, Co. E; must, out Sept. 15, 1865. 
Sylvester Lyman, Co. E; must. out Sept. 15, 1865. 
Milo M. Titus, Co. E; must, out Sept. 15, 1865. 
Willinm Wilson, Co. E; must, out Sept. 15, 1865. 
Thomas Cox, Co. H; must, out July 18, 1865. 
Andrew Crandall, Co. H; must out Sept. 15, 1865. 
Elius Whitcome, Co. I; must. out Sept. 15, 1865. 
Joseph Laduke, Co. K; must, out Sept. 15, 1865. 
 
                
TWELFTH INFANTRY. 
Timothy Giddings, Co. D; died at Duval's Bluff, Ark., May 27, 1865. 
Bennett Gregg, Co. D; disch. by order, Aug. 22, 1865. 
John Houghtaling, Co. D; disch. by order, Oct. 7, 1865. 
William Holcombe, Co. D; disch. by order, Oct. 7, 1865. 
Holden White, Co. E; disch. by order, Oct. 13, 1865. 
Clarence Morey, Co. G; must. out. Feb. 15, 1866. 
Elry P. Parsons, Co. H; disch. for disability, Nov. 26, 1864. 
 
               
FOURTEENTH INFANTRY. 
Jonathan Snyder, Co. H; died at Chattanooga, Tenn., Feb. 13, 1865. 
Warren Young, Co. H; died at Savannah, Ga., April 10, 1865. 
Charles H. Weed, Co. C; must, out July 18, 1865. 
William Barrett, Co. D; must, out July 18, 1865. 
Andrew Hoard, Co. D; must, out July 18, 1865. 
Garrett Tennell, Co. G; must, out July 18, 1865. 
Jouas Smith, Co. I; must, out July 18, 1865. 
Henry Bogard, Co. I; must, out July 18, 1865. 
Michael Youngs, Co. I; must, out July 24, 1866. 
Cassins Bancroft, Co. K; must, out July 18, 1865. 
Edmund Crandall, Co. K; must, out July 18, 1865. 
William Smith, Co. K; must, out July 18, 1865. 
Elisha L. Davis, Co. K; must, out July 18, 1865. 
Charles Salmon, Co. K; must, out July 18, 1865. 
 
             
SEVENTEENTH INFANTRY. 
Thomas P. May, commissioned 2nd. Lieut. May 26, 1865. 
Newman Crane, Co. H; died of wounds at Frederick, Md., Oct. 9, 1862. 
Francia Strunk, Co. A; died at Detroit, Mich. 
James Bradshaw, Co. G; died of accidental wounds, June 17, 1863. 
Lewis Wilson, Co. C; died at Knoxville, Tenn. Sept. 26, 1863. 
Edwin M. Scott, Co. H; died at City Point, Va, Aug. 26, 1864. 
Louis Searles, Co. H; died at Florence, S. C, Dec. 26, 1864. 
Ransom P. Howe, Co. H; trans, to 8th Michigan Inf., Oct. 15, 1862. 
John G. Fullmer, Co. H; must, out June 3, 1865. 
Alva J. Hiecott, Co. H; disch. by order, May 30, 1865. 
Milton Herring, Co. H; must, oat June 3, 1865. 
 
                
NINETEENTH INFANTRY. 
Samuel Knapp, Co. H; died at Murfreesboro', Tenn., Aug. 23, 1863. 
 
TWENTY-FIRST INFANTRY. 
George W. Woodward, commissioned 2d Lieut., July 30,1862; 1st Lieut., Jan. 15, 1863; Capt., Dec. 2, 1861; brevet maj., March 13, 1865; must, out June 8, 1865.
               
TWENTY-SECOND INFANTRY. 
Orman Barden, Co. H; trans, to 29th Mich. Infantry. 
               
TWENTY-SIXTH INFANTRY. 
Wm. M. Rogers, Co. B; must, out April 27, 1865. 
Milton H. Saviers, Co. F; disch. for disability, Oct. 27, 1864. 
 
               
TWENTY-NINTH INFANTRY. 
Henry Mersell, Co. B; must, out Sept. 6, 1865. 
Christian Jensen, Co. D; must, out Sept. 6, 1865. 
 
                     
PROVOST-GUARD. 
Eli Banker, must, out May 9, 1865. 
Joseph Cressey, must, out May 9, 1865. 
John A. Merchant, must, out May 9, 1865. 
Albert Merrill, must, out May 9, 1865. 
James Riddin, must, out May 9, 1865. 
Oscar E. Wells, must, out May 9, 1865. 
 
  
ONE HUNDRED AND FORTY-EIGHTH NEW YORK INFANTRY. 
D. D. Sanford, Co. G; in battles of Drury's Bluff, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Hatcher's Run, Appomattox; wounded at Petersburg, June 18, 1864; must, out June 22, 1865. 
           
FIRST UNITED STATES SHARPSHOOTERS. 
William Doyle, Co. C; died March 27, 1862. 
Goorgo Zimmerman, Co. C; died Dec. 29, 1 S6I. 
Lcander Ballard, Co. I; killed at Locust Grove, Va., Nov. 27, 1863. 
Henry A. Gilchrist, Co. C; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps, March 31, 1864. 
Jay Libbee, Co. I; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps, Sept. 1, 1863. 
Charles Button, Co. C; disch. for disability, Oct. 2, 1861. 
Archibald Storms, Co. C; disch. for disability, Dec. 9, 1862. 
 
                      
FIRST CAVALRY. 
William A. Drake, Co. A; died in hospital. 
James H. Armstrong, Co. B; must, out March 16, 1866. 
Donald T. McGall, Co. D; must, out March 16, 1866. 
James P. Turner, Co. D; must, out March 16, 1866. 
Peter H. Cole, Co. E; must, out Dec. 6, 1865. 
Charles W. Cole, Co. E; must, out Dec. 5, 1865. 
David Madder, Co. E; must, out March 16, 1866. 
Jacob Van Ettan, Co. E; must, out July 24, 1865. 
Asahel Richardson, Co. H; must, out March 25, 1866. 
 
                   
THIRD CAVALRY. 
Michael McIntyre, commis. 2d Lieut. June 11, 1862; 1st Lieut. Nov. 1, 1862; honorably disch. Feb. 28, 1865. 
Sanford B. Goodrich, loader band; died on board hosp. boat, May, 1862. 
Charles Hatton, disch. for disability, June 9, 1862. 
Silas P. Gainard, Co. F; disch. at expiration of service, Oct. 24, 1864. 
Francis B. Henry, Co. F; disch. to ro-enl. as veteran, Jan. 19, 1864. 
Chauncey H. Davis, Co. F; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Jan. 19, 1864. 
Charles Hurley, Co. K; disch. to re-enl. as veteran, Jan. 29, 1864. 
Lock V. Mosher, Co. B; disch. for disability, Jan. 22, 1862. 
William Hurley, Co. G; must, out Feb. 12, 1866. 
 
                    
FIFTH CAVALRY. 
Peter H. Cole, Co. E; trans, to 1st Mich. Cavalry. 
Charles W. Cole, Co. E; trans, to 1st Mich. Cavalry. 
Norris W. McHurd, Co. I; trans, to 7th Midi. Cavalry. 
O. J. Hammond, Co. K; trans. to 7th Mich. Cavalry. 
Burton H. Spear, Co. L; trans, to 7th Mich. Cavalry. 
George Taylor, Co. L; trans, to 7th Mich. Cavalry. 
Morris McHerd, Co. L; trans, to 7th Mich. Cavalry. 
Meredith C. Smith, Co. M; trans, to 7th Mich. Cavalry. 
Edgar Harris, Co. M; must, out June 19, 1865. 
 
                     
SIXTH CAVALRY. 
Donald T. McCall, Co. B; trans, to 1st Mich. Cavalry, Nov. 17, 1865. 
James P. Turner, Co. B; trans, to 1st Mich. Cavalry, Nov. 17, 1865. 
Jacob Van Ettan, Co. B; trans, to 1st Mich. Cavalry, Nov. 17, 1865. 
Abel Richardson, Co. D; trans, to 1st Mich. Cavalry, Nov. 17, 1865. 
Robert C. Jackson, Co. K; disch. June 19, 1865. 
 
NINTH CAVALRY.
Francis M. Jones, commis. 2d Lieut. Feb. 24, 1865; not mustered. 
John Morehouse, Co. F; trans, to 11th Midi. Buttery, May 8, 1863. 
Samuel Miller, Co. F; trans, to 11th Mich. Battery, May 8, 1863. 
Benjamin Norton, Co. F; trans, to 11th Mich. Battery, May 8, 1863. 
Leander Perry, Co. F; trans, to 11th Midi. Battery, May 8, 1863. 
Henry A. Hunt, Co. I; trans, to 11th Midi. Battery, May 1, 1863. 
Edwin A. Packer, Co. I; trans, to 11th Mich. Battery, May 1, 1863. 
Allen R. Walker, Co. I: trans, to 11th Mich. Battery, May 1, 1863. 
James H. Walker, Co. I; trans, to 11th Mich. Battery, May 1, 1863. 
Harvey Mort, Co. B; must, out Aug. 11,1865. 
Frederick Smith, Co. B; must, out July 21, 1865. 
Isaac R. Howe, Co. L; must, out July 21, 1865. 
Joseph Howe, Co. L; must, out July 21, 186". 
 
                  
TENTH CAVALRY. 
William E. Smith, com. 2d Lieut. April 8, 1865; must, out Nov. 11, 1865. 
L. E. Bayless, Co. M; died at Knoxville, Tenn., Jan. 11, 1865. 
Charles B. Norton, Co. B; must, out May 13, 1865. 
Edward W Smith, Co. M; disch. for promotion, Oct. 2, 1864. 
 
                   
MERRILL HORSE. 
Chauncey W. Rickard, Co. I; must. out Sept. 18, 1865. 
 
FOURTEENTH BATTERY.
Darwin E. Beebe, must, out July 1, 1865. 
Ransom Ball, must, out July 1, 1865. 
John J. Daniels, must, out July 1, 1865. 
John H. Davis, must, out July 1, 1865. 
Gabriel C. Morehouse, must, out July 1, 1865. 
Patrick Turner, must, out July 1, 186.5. 
 
                
FIRST MISSOURI ENGINEERS. 
Cyrus H. Lewis, Co. E; enl. us veteran, Jan. 4, 1864. 
 
ONE HUNDRED AND SECOND UNITED STATES COLORED TROOPS. 
Augustus Steward, Co. C; must, out Sept. 3O, 1865. 
Hezekiah Madry, Co. Ii; must, out Sept. 30, 1865. 
James M. Crummell, Co. F; must, out Sept. 30, 1865. 
Robert Lee, Co. F; must, out Sept. 30, 1865. 
William Wesley, Co. F; must, out Sept. 30, 1865. 
George G. White, Co. G; must, out Sept. 30, 1865. 
Charles Gilbert, Co. G; must, out Sept. 30, 1865. 
John F. Sinclair, Co. H; must, out Sept. 30, 1865.
 
SINCE THE WAR.
The Soldier's Return—Axe and Plow—New Railroads—the Census of 1870—Increase of Population—A City in the County—Agriculture—The Rivers of Hillsdale County—Altitude—Health—Close of Consecutive History.
Since, in the summer and autumn of 1865, the soldiers of the Union came back in crowding thousands from the scenes of their triumphs, few events of marked importance have occurred within the bounds of Hillsdale County. 
The men who had carried sabre and rifle at once laid down their weapons to grasp the axe and the plow-handle, and soon the only indication that a million men had lately stood in arms in the Union ranks was the presence of numerous maimed veterans and the sight of an occasional army overcoat.
All kinds of business went forward with increasing speed. 
Especially great was the anxiety to build new railroads. 
Before the end of 1870 the Fort Wayne, Jackson and Saginaw Railroad had been constructed through the county, nearly from the southwestern to the northeastern extremity, crossing the Southern Michigan at Jonesville; and also the Detroit, Hillsdale and Indiana road, running from Ypsilanti southwest, through Hillsdale, to Banker's Station, four miles from that city, where it intersected the Fort Wayne, Jackson and Saginaw road. 
A little later,—that is, in 1872 and 1873,—the Southern Michigan Company built the "Northern Central Michigan Railroad"—a branch of the Southern Michigan—from Jonesville nearly north to Lansing, a distance of sixty-one miles.
Other interests flourished with remarkable vigor. 
Notwithstanding the great drain on the population during the first half of the decade, the number of inhabitants increased from twenty five thousand six hundred and seventy-five in 18t;0 to thirty-one thousand six hundred and eighty-eight in 1870, an addition of nearly twenty-four per cent, to the former number. 
A similar increase from 1870 to 1880 would give a population in the latter year of between thirty-nine and forty thousand.
We spoke, a few sentences back, of the city of Hillsdale, instead of the village of that name, which is the expression we have previously used. 
The transformation took place in 1868, of which a full account is given in the city history. 
Notwithstanding, however, the existence of a city within its boundaries, the county is pre-eminently an agricultural one, and more than three-fourths of the people are engaged in agricultural pursuits. 
The chapter devoted to the Agricultural Society gives an idea of their progress in that department of labor, and especially of the great increase of public interest in that class of subjects.
And still the prospects of the county in the same direction indicate increased success. 
The soil is composed of an excellent loam, and is watered by numerous rivers, and by no less than a hundred and seven lakes of various sizes. 
And though some of the land still displays the attributes of the original marsh of which it was composed, yet there are excellent facilities for drainage, and when drained such soil is of the best quality.
In fact, Hillsdale County is somewhat celebrated for sloping in every possible direction. 
It is the nursing mother of the rivers of Southern Michigan. 
Here are found the sources of the St. Joseph River of Lake Michigan, starting in the eastern part of the county and making its way northwestward towards its destination, a hundred and fifty miles distant; the St. Joseph of the Maumee, the numerous branches of which drain the whole southern part of the county; the Kalamazoo (or, as it is called in the old treaties, the Kalamazoo), the south branch of which heads in the northern central section; the river Raisin, which has its source in the northeastern part, flowing thence into Lake Erie; and even the Grand River, a very small portion of which runs through the extreme northeastern corner of the county, flowing northward past Jackson to Lansing, and thence westward to Lake Michigan. 
Certainly Hillsdale County ought not to lack for ample drainage.
The swell of land, or “water-shed," on which this county is situated begins at Port Austin, on Lake Huron, and runs southwestwardly to the southwest corner of Hillsdale County. 
The highest portions in Tuscola and Sanilac Counties are four hundred feet above the surface of Lake Huron; those
in Lapeer and Oakland, about five hundred; those in Washtenaw and Jackson sink to four hundred again ; while some of the highest points in Hillsdale reach the altitude of six hundred feet. 
This altitude is naturally promotive of health, and, now that the forests have been cleared away, and the malaria has been largely worked out of the virgin soil, there are few more salubrious counties to be found in the West.
And now, having traced the history of the territory comprising Hillsdale County from the beginning of the seventeenth century to the present time; having shown the successive changes of control over it from the Indians to the French, from the French to the English, from the English to the Americans, from the Americans to the English again, and from the English back once more to the Americans; having described the deeds of its savage Pottawattamie braves, of its hardy pioneers, and of its gallant Union soldiers, we will close this consecutive record of the county; supplementing it by a few chapters devoted to statistical matter and separate organizations, and then referring our readers to the city and township histories for a detailed account of events which have happened in the respective localities since their settlement by the whites.